Inside Star Trek (Star Trek newsletter in English)

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Title: Inside Star Trek, then Star Trektennial News, then back to Inside Star Trek
Publisher: Star Trek Interstellar, in close collaboration with Star Trek Enterprises/Lincoln Enterprises
Editor(s): Ruth Berman, then Susan Sackett, then Virginia Yable, then Christina Mavroudi
Type: newsletter
Date(s): 1968-1979, 1987-?
Medium: print
Fandom: Star Trek: TOS
Language: English
External Links:
Click here for related articles on Fanlore.

Inside Star Trek is a Star Trek: TOS official company newsletter.

It was dedicated solely to news about the show and interviews with the actors ("Beaming Up") and crew ("Behind The Camera") and other people associated with the show, such as set designers and art directors. Some of the articles were written by D.C. Fontana.

It is one of the very earliest Star Trek zines published. For others, see List of Star Trek TOS Zines Published While the Show Was Still On the Air.

a 1969 catalog which advertises this zine

Inside Star Trek amounted to the publication of Star Trek Interstellar, the "official" Star Trek fan club. When you wrote to Paramount, Roddenberry, NBC or any of the stars, you received an invitation to subscribe to IST along with various Star Trek for-profit ventures such as Lincoln Enterprises, a company begun by Bjo Trimble and John Trimble and shortly taken over by Majel Barrett. The company sold copies of the scripts, 6x4 glossy b/w photos, calendars, film clips, and later, IDICs. Even as early as the fourth issue (October 1968), fans were alerted to opportunities to purchase things:

Note to those who have asked about the possibility of buying such props as phasers, try-corders, communicators, the three dimensional chess game, tribbles, the miniature Enterprise from "Catspaw," etc.: the originals, of course, cannot be sold. If it becomes possible to manufacture accurate copies at a reasonable price, they will be added to our catalog. Additions to the catalog will also be listed in "Inside Star Trek."

Ruth Berman was the original editor. When the original series was canceled, her run as editor ceased as well. Berman went on to create the long-running Trek zine series T-Negative.

Number of Subscribers

In late 1976, the number of subscribers was about 4000. [1]

Neither Official Nor Unofficial

Strictly speaking, neither fan club nor magazine was endorsed nor authorized officially, as the latter was not published under the auspices of the Paramount Publicity Department, the legal owner of the Star Trek brand, but rather by the privately-operated "Star Trek Enterprises", the short-lived, original name of Gene Roddenberry's merchandise company Lincoln Enterprises. However, the studio at the time was not in the slightest interested in their recent Star Trek purchase, and was actually looking for ways to cancel the series. As a result, no commercial or publicity activities on behalf of the series were undertaken by the department, and those that had been, such as the free mail-order distribution of publicity photographs to fans, were immediately scrapped upon the acquisition of Desilu Studios by Paramount Pictures in 1967. But, considering the closeness to the actual production of several of its contributors, the magazine, essentially an illegal publication, is for practical purposes, considered "official". [2]

Several Titles, Several Editors

It ran for many issues under two names and at least seven editors.

Issues #1-#12 were called "Inside Star Trek" and were edited by Ruth Berman.
Issues #13-#24 were called "Star Trektennial News" and were edited by Susan Sackett.
Issues #25-#30 reverted to the original title and were edited by Virginia Yable.
Issues #31 was published eight years after issue #30 (unknown for how long); the editor was Christina Mavroudi

In 2017, the first editor,Ruth Berman, said:

I didn’t interact with Susan Sackett – she started working for [Roddenberry] about the time I returned home to Minnesota from California. I stopped editing Inside Star Trek because I wanted to go home to Minnesota after “Star Trek” went off the air, and it would have been very difficult to edit it on a long-distance basis. The relationship between Lincoln Enterprises and Inside Star Trek was that the zine belonged to the business. I had a lot of freedom in deciding the contents. Mainly, Roddenberry wanted the zine to run interviews with the show’s cast and crew (and wanted to have it run an article about the Idic). [3]

A Hiatus, Then a 1987 Revival

Christina Mavroudi, wrote in her editorial in January 1989 for Data Entries that she had moved to Los Angeles in late 1987 or early 1988 to become Majel Barrett's secretary, but ended up becoming "Inside Star Trek"'s fourth editor:

My decision to "retire" may have seemed hasty, but had been under consideration for some time. In issue #2 [of "Data Entries"], I explained my move to LA in vague terms. To be quite specific, Majel Barrett, having seen issue #1, was so impressed she asked if I would be her secretary. ... While I am not her secretary any more, I am editor of the fan club magazine Inside Star Trek. I am also a full-time word processor, mother, and manager of my apartment complex. To complicate matters, I'm working on several stage plays and TV scripts. ... Because of my involvement with Inside Star Trek, I've had the pleasure of interviewing Denise Crosby, Gates McFadden, many of the stand-ins, as well as meet most of the crew. Due in part to my sometimes close association with the show, I found myself at odds with the two newsletters: printable material, and the time involved with each. While Data Entries was a labor of love, Inside Star Trek offered the opportunity to hone my journalistic skills. The final decision was based on the fact that DE could easily be turned over to a new editor. "IST," however, had already gone through three editors with no successor on the horizon if I quit. In the end, I realized where my commitment was needed.

A comment from a fan in 1989:

While going through my collection, I read an article about Brent Spiner that was written about a year ago in INSIDE STAR TREK, Then I went back to my "official" fan club mag (dated January '89). [4] Some of the quotes are exactly the same. Word for word. I couldn't believe my eyes. After working for my college newspaper for three years, I understand that different reporters will ask the same questions, but this was uncanny. At first I laughed. Then when I read that Brent doesn't give interviews, I got angry. If that's the case, it would explain why the quotes in the "official" fanzine match the older story. It's upsetting to think you're reading up-to-date stuff only to find it's rehashed. Needless to say, I have no intention of renewing my subscription when it runs out. It also made me think about the power of P.R., and wonder how stupid these writers think we fans are. [5]

Reactions and Reviews

cover of issue #12, "that dratted picture."

From a 1970 review:

This is really the worst let down I ever had. Coming from THE people, you expect good articles on the show and some really great artwork. The art was rare and, and with talent like George Barr and Tim Courtney and Alicia Austin around, STE picked the absolute cruddiest drawings for its covers. Little or no interior work in the issues also. Most of the articles were on the non-ST background of the filming crew. On the last issue I saw [#12], they at least didn't put another of their fantastic drawings. Finally, they run a picture on the cover. Which photograph do they pick to run? The one everyone has a copy of. That picture of Chekov by some ladder on the ship. Gee, just what I always wanted -- another copy of that dratted picture. Why no one of Spock? Or at least Captain Kirk? And especially one I hadn't seen already? [6]

Issue 1

Inside Star Trek 1 was published in July 1968 and contains 12 pages. Illustrations by Rae Ladore (cover), Alicia Austin (Last Gunfight), and Gilbert Draper (Vulcan Pendant).

cover of issue #1, Rae Ladore

It was edited by Ruth Berman.

  • Back to Space,a short short about the actors returning to film "The Last Gunfight," by Ruth Berman (4)
  • Remarks to Television Editors (Century Plaza Hotel - June 22, 1968)-- by Gene Roddenberry (6)
  • Beaming Up: William Shatner, a promotional piece about what the actor has been doing by Ruth Berman (10)
  • Behind the Camera: John Dwyer, by Dorothy Fontana (12)
  • Vulcan Pendent [sic], article about the IDIC by Ruth Berman ("Would you like a Vulcan pendent, designed by Gene Roddenberry, creator and executive producer of Star Trek? You may be able to get one.... If enough interest is shown, replicas of Leonard Nimoy's idic will be added to our catalog. The replicas will be made from the exact same design created by Gene Roddenberry, but less expensive materials will be used so that the price can be kept in reach of all. Write Idic, Star Trek Enterprises, 1023 North La Brea, Los Angeles, California 90038.") (15)
  • Announcement: publication of Stephen Whitfield's The Making of Star Trek, by Dorothy Fontana (16)
  • It's A Small Galaxy, article about how the actors and creators had prior connections via Hollywood before Trek, by Ruth Berman (17)
  • Terran Activities, promotional piece about what the actors other than Shatner are up to, by Ruth Berman (18)
  • Just Ask: questions and answers by Ruth Berman (19)

Reactions and Reviews: Issue 1

This, fans, is it--the official newsletter fromST. Contents of #1 include the text of Gene Roddenberry's speech to television editors at an ST luncheon in June; an interview with William Shatner by editor Ruth Berrnan; answers to questions about ST sent in by fans; news of all the ST stars; and information on that Vulcan idic. What are you waiting for? Energize! [7]

Issue 2

Inside Star Trek 2 was published in August 1968 and contains 8 pages of printed material. The pages are printed only on one side.

cover of issue #2, Greg Jein

It was edited by Ruth Berman.

  • The Klingons are Coming! by D. C. Fontana. (announcement by Fontana that fans will soon be able to purchase some merchandise: "AMT Corporation, the maker of the popular Enterprise model kit, has announced a Klingon Battle Cruiser (see cover) will soon be available. The Klingon ship was designed by Walter (Matt) Jefferies, Star Trek's Art Director, who also designed the Enterprise.... The AMT kit will be on the same scale as the Enterprise model and has control deck and crew's quarters illuminated by operating lights. The Klingon symbols and numbers are included on decals, and there is a display option of "space base" stand or "skyhook" ceiling mount. Also included will be several sheets of sketches which show this vessel in comparison to the Enterprise and containing other new information. AMT has announced the kits will be in stores and hobby shops some time in late August, and will retail for $2.50.") (1)
  • Behind the Camera: Fred Phillips (make-up artist), article by Ruth Berman (An excerpt: "How did you happen to get into this kind of job?" I asked when we were both settled. "Nepotism," he said promptly. "My father was a makeup artist. And he was instrumental in starting the motion pictures makeup artists association. It was founded at our house in 1927. My brother was the first secretary, and my father was the first treasurer.") (Another excerpt: "I turned to another topic then, asking how Vulcan/Romulan ears are made. "I have to take an impression of the actor's ears. It takes between 20 and 30 hours to make a pair of ears. I would normally need two days to get ears ready, from impression to finished appliance. After you have the molds done you pour the rubber in — and the room temperature and the temperatures of all the ingredients have to be inside a range of 65 to 71 degrees. Then it takes four hours cooking in the oven and three hours cooling. Usually what I do is put the molds in the oven when I get home from work around eight, and then I can take them out atound midnight. You could take them out sooner, but the molds would crack.") (3)
  • Third Season Preview (summaries of three eps) (7)
  • lots of stuff for sale by "Inside Star Trek," including some insignias, a copy of Star Trek Format, a bumper sticker "similar in the format of 'Mr. Spock for President,... 3 for $1.00, the new bumper sticker says 'SPOCK IT TO ME.'"

About the insignias:

In addition to their large features (1 — two sets of all three Enterprise insignia; 2 — starcraft, with the Enterprise, a Klingon warship, and the shuttlecraft Galileo; 3 — gadgets, with phaser, communicator, and 3-D chess game), the decals are really a do-it-yourself theater. Artist Greg Jein has filled every spare space with small decalfigures: men and women of the Enterprise going about their duties, Klingon warriors, a Talosian (the dream-casting race of Gene Roddenberry's Hugo-winning "The Menagerie"), the ape-like humanoid from "Galileo 7," and Gorns, the lizard-like men from "Arena." Every spare space, that is, except those occupied by phaser beams and explosions. Mounted on cardboard, the large features and the small decalfigures make an instant Star Trek miniature theater.

Issue 3

Inside Star Trek 3 was published in September 1968 and contains 8 pages.

cover of issue #3

It was edited by Ruth Berman. The front over is by Rae Ladore.

  • Terran Activities (2)
  • Review of "The Making of Star Trek" by Ruth Berman (3)
  • Beaming Up, an interview with DeForest Kelley by Ruth Berman (4)
  • Just Ask: trivia questions about the show answered by workers on the show (7)
  • Third Season Preview (8)

A con report for "Future Unbound" --

At the Future Unbounded Convention, held in los Angeles by science fiction fans over the Fourth of July weekend, there was a Star Trek question and answer panel, featuring Walter Koenig (Chekov), Robert dustman (producer), Rick Carter (assistant to the executive producer), David ("Tribbles") Gerrold, D.C. Fontana, and Joan Pearce (a researcher -- and Star Trek enthusiast — from the Kellam de Forest Research Service, a company which checks out facts for several shows, including

Star Trek). The panel was moderated by Bjo Trimble. Topics discussed included the improbability of English-speaking aliens (dustman said that they have a private agreement that the communicators come with built-in universal translators, but that they do not want to burden the regular viewer with regular explanations of equip ment and so have deliberately left the matter vague), the lack of seat-belts (throwing actors around is the simplest and least expensive way of quickly demonstrating danger to the ship), and the problem of violence in drama. The panelists also attended a Star Trek luncheon, along with George Takei and Mr. and Mrs. James Doohan. Mr. and Mrs. Koenig attended the convention's costume ball.

A con report for Worldcon:

Gene Roddenberry attended the 26th World Science Fiction Convention, held in Oakland over Labor Day weekend. Also among the attendees were Bill Theiss, Stephen Whitfield, John Dwyer, Joan Pearce, Robert Bloch (the author of "What Are Little Girls Made Of?" and "Catspaw" was just back after a rainy summer in England working on movie scripts and complained with Californian indignation of his pallor), Harlan Ellison, Norman Spinrad, David Gerrold, and Mark Lenard (who played the Romulan Commander and Spock's father, and is now a regular on a new series, Here Come the Brides, which also features Robert Brown, Lazarus in "The Alternative Factor," and David Soul, Makora in "The Apple"). The high point of the convention for Roddenberry was probably a large private party held by three Canadian fans of Star Trek (Alicia Austin, [Maureen B], and Rosemary Ullyot) for people to meet him — to give the information given him beforehand. What Roddenberry did not know was that these three, working in conjunction with several others, had decided months before that the creator of Star Trek ought to have a fan club and had started GRAS (the Gene Roddenberry Appreciation Society). With the connivance of practically everyone around him, GRAS was kept secret from Roddenberry, until the night of the party, when a scroll of membership, book of appreciative letters, and portrait of himself (by Alicia Austin) were presented to him. [8] Roddenberry was one of the speakers at the convention, giving a "current events" talk — on Star Trek's renewal, NBC's unusual choice of a new time slot, his work on a new Tarzan movie, etc.

Issue 4

cover of issue #4, "our captain in a pensive moment" -- artist is Rae Ladore

Inside Star Trek 4 was published in October 1968 and contains 8 pages. It was edited by Ruth Berman. The illos are by Rae Ladore.

Includes this statement:

Note to those who have asked about the possibility of buying such props as phasers, try-corders, communicators, the three dimensional chess game, tribbles, the miniature Enterprise from "Catspaw," etc.: the originals, of course, cannot be sold. If it becomes possible to manufacture accurate copies at a reasonable price, they will be added to our catalog. Additions to the catalog will also be listed in "Inside Star Trek" catalog.

  • Behind the Camera: Walter M. Jefferies (article about the Star Trek art director) by Dorothy Fontana (1)
  • Just Ask, short answers to fan letters (samples: "Will there ever be a Star Trek movie?" -- "Possibly. Plans for such a movie are being discussed, although so far there is no definite information." And "Are you going to do a show giving us some background on "Bones"? How about larger parts for Uhura?" -- Dorothy C. Fontana is now working on a script tentatively called "Joanna," about McCoy's daughter. How about Uhura and the captain embracing in an enforced Romanesque orgy ("Plato's Stepchildren")?") (5)
  • Trials and Tribble-ations of a Master of Properties (article) by Irving Feinberg (6)
  • Third Season Preview

Issue 5

cover of issue #5

Inside Star Trek 5 was published in November 1968 and contains 8 pages. It was edited by Ruth Berman. One illo on page 3 is uncredited. The illo on page 6 and the cover is by Rae Ladore.

  • The Film Library, an article about the Star Trek film library and librarian, Ed Cotter (1)
  • Just Ask, fans ask question, TPTB answers them, this issue: "Many have asked various questions about the names of the characters. Here is a rundown. The "T" in Captain James T. Kirk is a mystery — Kirk isn't telling what it stands for. Commander Spock has another name (a family name; Spock is his given name), but what it is has not been established on the show. Lt. Commander Leonard McCoy's nickname, "Bones," is short for "Sawbones." It is a traditional nickname for doctors, especially ship's doctors, dating back to the time when the only way to prevent death by gangrene was to cut off the wounded limb if the wound became infected."
  • Beaming Up: Interview with James Doohan by Ruth Berman (3)
  • Terran Activities, very short bit about Star Trek actors in the news (5)
  • It's a Small Galaxy by Ruth Berman, an article about 'Star Trek' actors who play more than one role on the show [excerpt: "In the first pilot, 'The Cage' (later used in the two parts of 'The Menagerie'), Majel Barrett played 'Number One,' Captain Pike's second-in-command. NBC executives — liked the idea of the show but none of the characters, and told Gene Roddenberry to get rid of all of them — especially Spock, Roddenberry managed to keep Spock, but lost the rest. Miss Barrett became Nurse Christine Chapel. The departure of Number One (no doubt promoted to command of a ship of her own) [9] meant a promotion for Mr. Spock. He was already Science Officer in 'The Cage,' but, by the time of 'Where No Man Has Gone Before,' he had become second-in-command as well. Between the first and second seasons he was promoted again, from the rank of lieutenant-commander to commander."] (6)
  • Third Season Preview: short blurbs about upcoming eps (8)

Issue 6

cover of issue #6, William Theiss costume designer at start of Star Trek, artist is Rae Ladore

Inside Star Trek 6 was published in December 1968 and contains 8 pages. It was edited by Ruth Berman.

"This is the final 1968 issue of Inside Star Trek. Memberships in Star Trek Interstellar and subscriptions for 1968 have now expired. To re-new either your membership or your subscription, send $3.00 to Star Trek Enterprises, PC Box 38429, Hollywood California 90038, requesting Newsletter 1969, code #1104. Note: to bring the timing of the newsletter into phase with the broadcast season. Inside Star Treks 7-12 will appear during the nine months before the next fall season starts, rather than extending over the whole of 1969."

  • Just Ask, fans ask questions, TPTB answer them: "What is a warm Gorn?" [referring to the slogan "Happiness is a Warm Gorn" which appeared on the stickers sent to everyone who joined the fan club] -- "The Gorns were hostile, reptilian aliens in "Arena." By analogy, since they looked reptilian, they were thought of as cold-blooded. By analogy, a warm blooded animal with a love for Star Trek is a warm Gorn. In particular. Gene Roddenberry's assistant Rick Carter (the first man to introduce himself as a Gorn) is a warm Gorn." (2)[note 1]
  • Beaming Up, article and interview by Ruth Berman, the subject is Leonard Nimoy (3)
  • Behind the Camera: William Ware Theiss, article and interview, part one by D.C. Fontana (5)
  • Third Season Preview, upcoming ups (8)

Alternate covers for issues 1-6

Issues #1 and #3-6 also appear with an alternate cover, as shown in the gallery below. (There may have been an equivalent alternate for issue #2, but we have not seen that.) Aside from the covers, there are no internal differences to distinguish the two printings, neither one gives a printing statement or an alternate publication date, prices of advertised items are the same, and since mailed copies were sent with a bulk mailing permit, there aren't postmarks to distinguish the printings. However, it seems almost certain that the covers below are from a reprint of the originals. The original "simple" title logo is last used with issue #6; issue #7 (with no title) is the first issue to offer back copies; and beginning with issue #8 the newsletter begins to use the new "customized" title logo. So it seems clear that the sale of back issues was accompanied by a reprint of the earlier issues, and they chose to update the title logo on those issues with the "new standard" title logo.

Issue 7

cover of issue #7, A.G. Probert

Inside Star Trek 7 was published in January 1969 and contains 8 pages. It was edited by Ruth Berman.

The cover is by A.G. Probert, the two interior illos are by Rae Probert.

  • Just Ask, fans ask questions, TPTB answers them: "The Vulcan name for the Vulcan harp (or lytherette) may be unpronounceable, but couldn't it be written down?" -- "No. Since no one on the show is going to need to say the Vulcan name, no writer has had to make up a Vulcan name for it.... The lytherette is only a prop, and Leonard Nimoy, as Spock, only pretends to play it. The music the audience hears is composed by the composer who does the background music for the same episode and is recorded at the same time as the rest of the music." (2)
  • A Note on Casting by Joseph D'Agosta ("Each day I receive pictures and resumes of strange types and characters that I discard. The senders somehow feel that "weird" types are what we look for in our casting; this is not true. Star Trek combines high adventure fantasy and today/future reality. It is important to me as a casting director that no matter how bizarre a script or story may be, or how strange our characters from other planets may look, that the actors speaking the words and creating the characters be totally believable. I hire good actors — let the make-up man alter their looks.") (3)
  • Behind the Camera: William Ware Theiss, part two by D.C. Fontana (4)
  • some more goodies for sale: "NEW FILM CLIP FRAMES: Three new groups of film clip frames have been added to the Star Trek Enterprises catalog: Planet Exteriors, views of alien landscapes; Planet Interiors, indoor action scenes; and Alien Beings and Monsters, an assortment of Star Trek's aliens. Each group, consisting of eight individual frames (suitable for mounting in half-size slide-mounts), costs $1.00. Order from Star Trek Enterprises." (8)

Issue 8

Inside Star Trek 8 was pulbished in February 1969 and contains 8 pages.

cover of issue #8, A.G. Probert

It was edited by Ruth Berman.

  • Terran Activities: fan clubs, actors' news ("An official fan club for William Shatner has been formed. For information on it, send a stamped, addressed envelope to its president. Miss Rita Ractliffe.") (1)
  • Just Ask - questions about the show ("In"Plato's Stepchildren," did the actors control the forced movements the characters made when they were being telepathically pushed around, or were they pushed around by "invisible" stage hands?" -- "The actors did it themselves." And "Is Dr, McCoy's daughter going to come on the Enterprise in any episode?" -- "No, at least, not this season. plans for a show about Joanna McCoy were begun, but did not work out.") (2)
  • Beaming up: George Takei, interviewed by Ruth Berman (some subjects: Takei's teaching, Takei's activism, his family history of being in a relocation camp during WW2, Kabuki theatre, Shakespeare) (3)
  • Special Bonus Offer: ad for actual shooting schedules from Star Trek episodes ("A limited number of actual shooting schedules from Star Trek episodes are now available to members of Star Trek Interstellar and newsletter subscribers. Shooting schedules give scene by scene, day by day listings of how the episode is to be shot, complete with location, required cast members, props, and special effects — a real collector's item, and an inside look at the workings of a television show. Members of STI send 50 cents and a stamped, addressed envelope for one shooting schedule (sorry, no choice of shows possible); newsletter subscribers send 75j6 and a stamped, addressed envelope. Residents of Canada send an unstamped envelope and 10)6 extra; from outside North America, send an unstamped envelope and 25 cents extra. Get them while they last.") (7)
  • Ad for film clip frames (to be mounted in slide mounts) (8)

From the Takei article:

I asked about his activities outside the show, and he said he was teaching a course at the Inner City Cultural Center. One of the Inner City's characteristics is that it tries to be a center for the full range of our society — bringing in all races, all economic levels, etc., into all its various activities both as spectators and as participants.

"What kind of course?"

"It' have to take a deep breath before I tell you, and you'll see how unqualified I am to deal with it." He took a deep breath. "A Survey of the Employment Opportunities in the Technical Areas of the Entertainment Industry."

"Something like Teaching Cameramen How to Get Jobs As Cameramen?"

"That's right," Takei said, "That's exactly what it's about — camera, props, costumes, etc. l'm not equipped to deal with this, I'm unqualified -- but I'm a good getter-of-people. I have friends in the business who will donate a few hours out of their lives to share their areas of skill and expertise. This Tuesday I have Charlie Washburn coming down to talk on assistant directing." Washburn at that time was second assistant director on Star Trek.

"You were involved in that Langston Hughes program Inner City had last spring, too, weren't you?" I said, referring to a week-long program held to raise funds for a Langston Hughes Memorial library (Hughes was one of our country's most famous negro writers).

"Yes. That's one of the areas I like to keep myself...oh, I don't want to get too philosophical. Not on this -- this is Star Trek propaganda."

"Propaganda isn't interesting."

"Well," he said slowly, "I feel that we as people who command some kind of... of interest from the public — in return for that interest — that we should do whatever we can to make this a better world. This is, well, my contribution to civilization. One of the realities of our society is that we have great, deprived minorities. What Inner City Cultural Center is trying to.... It's hard to capsulize, because it's trying to deal with things on many levels. The most publicized level, of course, is their productions of plays.

Another excerpt from the Takei article:

this great theater resulted from — it was like the English theater. The vagabond troubadors were the original performers, and by the time of the Elizabethan period they had a more organized form of theater. But still actors were not respectable citizens. If they came into town you locked up your daughters, as the traditional saying goes. In England you have the great Elizabethan theater, but /ou also have that attitude toward actors. And the same thing was true of Japan. Just about the same time Kabuki started to blossom, a time comparable to the Elizabethan time in England. And Kabuki also came about from...ah...questionable roots. There's a pejorative term for actors the Japanese use called kawara-kojiki, which means river-bed beggars. The actors performed in dry river beds. The audience sat on the banks. You know, the Kabuki originally had female performers. They were the ones that started the whole thing. But they were also very attractive, desirable people, and the lords and the samurais that were very powerful had access to them, and of course scandal broke out, and so Kabuki almost came to a dead standstill. But it was a very popular theater form. So, since the women were declasse, as they say — to use an old-fashioned term -- men took over. That's why Kabuki is a purdy male theater, and men perform female roles as well. It's become quite an art to portray a female in the Kabuki theater. About a hundred years ago they were the style-setters of Japan. Women went to the Kabuki theater to watch men portray women so that they knew how to wear their kimonos, what angle to wear, the drape of their collars, how to hold their hands when they walked, how to cover

their mouths when they laughed. So that's how Kabuki became a purely male theater -- to get rid of the...whores...who started the thing. So there's this basic, dormant attitude towards the theater.

More from Takei:

Well, I was kind of lucky. Many people comj^lain about being of minority groups and so forth. But I think the very fact that I have this face opened a lot of doors for me at a time when it wouldn't have opened for other people. I sort of acted my way through college. Hoyt Bowers, the casting man at Warner Brothers at that time -- he's the casting man at Paramount now -- came to see one of our plays. One of our productions, I should say. We were doing the history of American theater -- vignettes from all the great plays...and some of the non-great pla/s that were important. Of course, one of the more notorious plays in American history is Uncle Tom's Cabin. And since we didn't have any black students in that class, and I was the closest ethnic minority, there I was in blackface playing that loyal, noble, black slave, saying "Yassuh, massa.' Every time I bump into Bowers in the comissary he says 'There's Uncle Tom,' I'll never live that down. But he saw me in that, and at that time he was casting Ice Palace, and so that was the first job that I got.

And from that I started to get roots at Warner Brothers, and I did a lot of Hawaiian Eyes and things like that while going to school at the same time. So I sort of straddled both the academic and the professional worlds twhen other kids that I was going to school with were kind of envious of my thing. But they were tall, blond, blue-eyed, and good looking, and they were a dime a dozen. My type was a rarity, so I worked, and they stayed in school....

I think we're getting into an interesting age, where not only theater-goers but movie-goers are getting pretty sophisticated. In fact, I think Star Trek is a prime example of this kind of sophistication. You know, in many ways the most over-looked minority is the Oriental American. Every time films or television depict an Oriental, it's always an Oriental of the Orient, with the heavy accent and so forth. Very rarely do you see this segment of the American community, the Oriental part, Chinese, Japanese, Koreans. And Star Trek, in the character of Sulu -- they have me speaking the way I speak. We really haven't developed that character too much, but we see him with a lot of diverse interests that don't have ethnic hang-ups

Issue 9

cover of issue #9, A.G. Probert

Inside Star Trek 9 was published in March 1969 and contains 8 pages. It was edited by Ruth Berman.

  • Just Ask, questions from fans, answers from TPTB
    • examples: "What happened to Yeoman Rand?" -- "Grace Lee Whitney left Star Trek in order to be able to accept a greater variety of roles. She has since appeared in episodes of many television shows, including Ironside, Big Valley, Mannix, Name of the Game, Death Valley Days, etc. Perhaps Yeoman Rand is still on board the Enterprise and happens not be on duty when adventures happen, or perhaps she decided there was no point to competing with the Enteirprise for Kirk's affections and transferred out."
    • "Why have most Klingons been dark-skinned with forked eyebrows, but the Klingons in "The Trouble with Tribbles" had light skin and ordinary eyebrows?" -- "Because there are different races of Klingons, just as there are different races of Earthmen, Also, because, when Fred Phillips looked up information on Klingons in "Errand of Mercy" in order to make up Klingons for "Trouble with Tribbles," the photos he found were poorly lit and gave the appearance of light skin and ordinary eyebrows. Since then, he has followed the "Errand of Mercy" style of Klingon."
  • Behind the Camera: Charles Washburn, assistant director interview by ? [Washburn was one of the first black directors in television. According to Robert Justman, NBC at that time had a policy of going out of its way to hire qualified minorities.]
  • Behind the Camera: Bill Brame, a film cutter in the cutting room
  • Terran activities

From the Charles Washburn piece:

"How did you decide to go into this field?" I asked. "And did you have trouble getting into the guild because of prejudice? Washburn is Negro.

No, he said, "I'm sure there has been prejudice, but, as I understand it, it's not exactly prejudice against minorities — many of the unions have been closed to anyone who wasn't related to a member. I cannot personally point to incidents in vvhich I have been discriminated against because of my color ~ But deciding on directing... well, it all started back in 1960 when I d been out of College a year -- business major. I had a leaning towards writing, but I didn't know how to go about

developing it. At that time I was living in the South, in Memphis, and I did meet prejudice. I remember in 1959 I wanted to take a class in advertising, and they said they would not admit me. I felt that writing ads was an exciting field, but I needed more education for it. So I went to school again, in Milwaukee, lor two years and happened to take a course in television. That's when I discovered directing.

From the Bill Brame piece:

After leaving Washburn I asked where the cutting room was and if anyone there would have time to talk to me. I was sent down to the opposite end of the lot and there met Bill Brame. He had time to talk -- not because he was free (he was putting together the sequence in "The Tholian Web" where Spock and McCoy go to listen to Kirk's last order), but because he is skillful enough to talk while whirling rolls of film through a moviola (a sort of miniature projector), cutting and splicing,

without losing track. The scene, like most scenes, had been filmed several times. One roll of film was entirely in close-up of Spook, one of McCoy, and some rolls showed both men. The script called for a scene between Spock and McCoy. It was Brame's responsibility to decide whether the finished film would show a close view of the speaker, or a close view of the reactions of the listener, or a more distant shot of both (or a closeup of the object of discussion). The impact of a scene can be heightened by good editing or lost by bad. For instance, Brame pointed out at a moment when McCoy was berating Spock, normally you expect to pay attention to the man who is speaking. At that moment. Spook's grief, revealed by his reaction to McCoy, was more impor tant. On stage, a director might have told Spock to move down towards the audience on McCoy's line so that attention would be directed to Spock. Working with film, it was the cutter's responsibility to direct attention to Spock with a closeup. The director or producer of a show may want to do his own cutting, but otherwise the choice is up to the cutters.

Issue 10

Inside Star Trek 10 was published in April 1969 contains 8 pages. The cover is by A.G. Probert. There are no interior illos.

cover of issue #10, artist is A.G. Probert

It was edited by Ruth Berman.

  • Just Ask, short questions by fans, given short answers from TPTB (samples: "Does Mr. Spock have any brothers or sisters?" -- "No.") (2)
  • Behind the Camera: Interview with Richard Laphan, music editor (3)
  • part one of an untitled article about "Stage 10," where they film Star Trek, it is uncredited by was reprinted from ST-Phile where it was titled "Where It's At, by Kay Anderson" -- (Excerpt: "The major characters have stand-ins to take their places while the camera takes light readings and measures distances and works out how the action will be followed. The stand-ins also play Enterprise crew-members, Nichelle Nichols' stand-in, Jeanne, is a trim blonde who sometimes, by standing on a box, also stands in for Majel Barrett. Leonard Nimoy's is a good-natured man named Frank who plays a member of the bridge crew or a background Vulcan or Romulan when one is needed. For William Shatner the stand-in is either Bill Blackburn, who plays the stand-by helmsman navigator, or a stuntman named Roger who plays a security guard on the ship.") (4)
  • ads for some photos and a Star Trek pendant ("WEAR IT AS A PENDANT! USE IT AS A CHARM! HANG IT ON YOUR KEY RING! 22 Karat gold plate. A BEAUTIFUL 1 3/4" replica of the ENTERPRISE; the Starship that explores the galaxy. Try it as a mobile- Be the first among your friends to have one. A MUST for every STAR TREK fan. $5.00."

Issue 11

Inside Star Trek 11 was published in May 1969 contains 8 pages.

cover of issue #11
First advertisement for the IDIC in issue #11, May 1969: "At last-the long awaited VULCAN PENDANT designed by Gene Roddenberry creator and executive Producer of STAR TREK and worn by Spock in the STAR TREK episode IS THERE IN TRUTH NO BEAUTY, re-run on June 10, 1969. IDIC. Ifinite Diversity in Infinite Combinations represents a Vulcan belief that beauty, growth, progress — all result from the union of the unlike. Concord, as much as discord, requires the presence of at least two different notes. The brotherhood of Man is an ideal based on learning to delight in our essential differences as well as learning to recognize our similarities. The IDIC is a union of circle, and triangle, uniting to produce the gemstone in the middle. The circle represent infinity, nature, woman etc; the triangle can represent the finite, art, man etc. 22 KT. gold plate circle! Florentine Silver (Rhodiun plate) triangle. White gemstone setting. $7.50."

It was edited by Ruth Berman.

  • Just Ask, fans ask questions, official answers are provided (1)
  • Where It's At, by Kay Anderson - the ST soundstage, a description, continued from the previous issue (reprinted from ST-Phile #2) (2)
  • The first IDIC pendant was offered for sale (4)
  • Crossword Puzzle (5)
  • Yes, Star Trek Has Been Cancelled (7)

"Yes, Star Trek Has Been Cancelled":

STAR TREK will return to the air Tuesday June 3, 1969 at 7:30 on NBC with Gene Roddenberry's never before seen TURNABOUT INTRULER. They will then re-run eleven third season episodes before going off the air the first week of September,1969. In a few areas STAR TREK has been picked up for re-runs by local stations starting in September, 1969.

This would not preclude the possibility of re-entering prime time network programming as a mid-season replacement in January, 1970 or even a fresh start in September 1970. Our best chance lies with ABC which usually has more openings than the other networks.

The realization of this rebirth is largely up to YOU.

The networks have been besiged by your letters, however as soon as they see a drop in the mail count, they will figure the storm is over, breathe a sigh of relief and promptly forget us!

DON'T LET THEM. This is our last chance. WRITER I WRITE ABC!! WRITE NBC!! Not one or the other but BOTH.


First don't mention "STAR TREK" on the envelope. If you do the network executives will never see your message since all such letters are forwarded unopened to the show.

Send your letter's to NBC AND ABC executives, a good choice is:

Mr. Julian Goodman, President of NBC or Mr. Mort Werner, NBC Program Department 30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York, N.Y. Elton Rule, President of ABC or

Martin Starger, Programming Dept. ABC. 1130 Ave. of the Americas New York, N.Y.

Letters from schools, professional oranizations, and professional people always carry extra weight. A hundred letters carry more weight than one letter with a hundred signatures.

WILL LINCOLN ENTERPRISES STAY IN BUSINESS? YES. As long as loyal fans would like souvenirs of the show. Thank you for all your support in the past.

Issue 12

Inside Star Trek 12 was published in June 1969 and contains 8 pages.

cover of issue #12

It was edited by Ruth Berman.

  • Beaming Up: George Merhoff, article about Star Trek's gaffer (1)
  • Planets Built to Order, article on Walter "Matt" Jeffries (3)
  • International Crew of the Enterprise
  • Spock Goes to Paris, by R. Dyan (Nimoy as Paris on Mission Impossible)

"International Crew of the Enterprise":

"Star Trek", Desilu's science fiction series, has not only taken us into the future scientifically and with emotional impact but, by its very nature of dealing with the future, has demonstrated quietly and ably that one of man's fondest dreams, an international brotherhood, can exist without fanfare.

It has, in fact, gone a step further and demonstrated through the character of Mr. Spock (Leonard Nimoy), and even more exotic life forms, that a universal brotherhood can bring rich and rewarding experiences.. Although Mr. Spock is the only crewman with blood lines from another planet, the background of the rest of the crew is international in origin.

Sulu (George Takeif, the ship's helmsman, is mixed oriental in ancestry, Japanese predominating. He is contemporary American in speech and manner. In fact, his attitude towards Asians is that they seem to him rather "inscrutable."

Like a smell of heather from the Highlands, Lt. Comdr. Scott (James Doohan), "Scotty", is Senior Engineering Officer, and his accent betrays his ancient roots.

From the United States of Africa, Lt. Uhura (Nichelle Nichols), an intelligent and lovely girl, is Communications Officer. Expert in all ship's systems relating to communications, she is a female female off duty.

The intricate and powerful Starship enjoys the services of a warm and gallant Southern gentleman in the person of Dr. Leonard McCoy (DeForest Kelley), Senior Ship's Surgeon. Known to have an acid wit, he is a very outspoken man, devoted to captain and crew. "Bones", however, is a term only the Captain employs.

And the Captain is James T. Kirk (William Shatner), an academy graduate and veteran of hundreds of planet landings and space emergencies. He is by nature and experience ably suited to command a Starship with hundreds of crewmen of diverging back grounds and complex personalities.

That the crew of the Enterprise,though completely multi racial, works together in a close and tight unity, is a tribute to man's emotional as well as physical growth into space and time.

Issue 13

Star Trektennial News 13 (note title change) was published in May 1976 and has 8 pages. It has a front cover by G. Boudreau.

It was edited by Susan Sackett.

cover of issue #13
  • movie update
  • visit with Gene Roddenberry's son, Rod

Issue 14

Star Trektennial News 14 was printed in June 1976 and contains 7 pages. Cover by George Boudreau, interior illos by Robin Hill and N. Lopez.

cover of issue #14

It was edited by Susan Sackett.

  • Letters from subscribers
  • News about Star Trek II
  • Announcement of an art contest
  • Poem by J.M. Sorensen
  • Questions from the readers
  • One to beam up: Interview with DeForest Kelley
  • Cast News

Issue 15

Star Trektennial News 15 was published in July 1976. It has a front cover by George Boudreau.

cover of issue #15

It was edited by Susan Sackett.

Issue 16

Star Trektennial News 16 was published in August 1976. 8 pgs. Cover by S. Johnson, interior illos by D. George, N. Lopez, and M. Medlock.

cover of issue #16

It was edited by Susan Sackett.

  • Questions and Letters
  • Tribblings (Comic strip featuring tribbles)
  • Penpals
  • Contest Page
  • Fan drawings
  • One to beam up: Grace Lee Whitney
  • Star Treks: Actors news (Roddenberry's record "Inside Star Trek" and more)

Issue 17

Star Trektennial News 17 was published in September 1976. 8 pgs. The front cover is by L. Staton, the interior illos by WRW.

cover of issue #17

It was edited by Susan Sackett.

  • Questions and Letters
  • Movie Writer's Set: Popular 'Star Trek' series spawns multi-million dollar Paramount feature version: reprint from Variety, August 11, 1976
  • Penpals
  • Inside Star Trek: Gene Roddenberry recording "Inside Star Trek"
  • Contest page
  • One to beam up: Bill Theiss
  • Star Treks: Actors news (William Shatner finished filming an episode of Columbo and more)

Issue 18

Star Trektennial News 18 was published in Sept/Oct 1976 and contains 8 pages.

cover of issue #18

It was edited by Susan Sackett. The subscribers, at this point, number about 4000. [10]

  • Phil Kaufman signed to direct movie
  • Penpals
  • Tribblings
  • Contest page: Winners of the Anagrams Contest
  • Winners of the Star Trek poetry contest: "These Are The Voyages" by Kathy Knull; "Star Song" by Charlotte Justice; "Omnicron Ceti III Where The Dragons and Unicorns Play" by Mikal Liston
  • One to Beam Up: Majel Barrett interview
  • Letters and Questions
  • Star Treks: William Shatner's college lecture tour and more

Issue 19

Star Trektennial News 19 was published in Jan/Feb 1977 and contains 12 pages.

cover of issue #19

It was edited by Susan Sackett.

  • This issue contains interview with Walter Koenig, penpals, movie updates, questions from readers, and more.

Issue 20

Star Trektennial News 20 was published in Mar/Apr 1977 and contains 12 pages. The majority of the zine is the interview with Jerry Isenberg.

cover of issue #20

It was edited by Susan Sackett.

  • Letters and Questions (2)
  • One to Beam Up: Jerry Isenberg interview (3)
  • Tribblings, cartoon by Robin Hill (8)
  • Contest of the Month (9)
  • Gene Roddenberry Plans New Productions (Spectre) (9)
  • Penpals (10)
  • Star Treks: Williams Shatner received a Grammy nomination for Best Spoken Word recording for Asimov's Foundation, other short blurbs about what the stars are up to

Issue 21

Star Trektennial News 21 was published in May/June 1977 and contains 16 pages.

cover of issue #21

It was edited by Susan Sackett.

  • Questions
  • The Movie
  • Penpals
  • Spectre (7 pages)
  • Contest page
  • One to beam up: Phil Kaufman (the original director of Star Trek: The Motion Picture [before Robert Wise]
  • Star Treks: William Shatner will be releasing a two-record album set of his campus lecture appearances, and more.

Issue 22

Star Trektennial News 22 was published in July/August 1977. It contains 12 pages.

cover of issue #22, Ted Engelbart, reprinted as the cover of Beyond Antares #12 three years later

It was edited by Susan Sackett.

  • Letters and Questions (2)
  • several short newspaper clippings (3)
  • Tribblings, cartoon by Robin Hill (5)
  • Editorial: Editor's Log (5)
  • inexplicably: the two middle pages are blank (6 and 7)
  • In Memoriam: Stanley Adams: includes a photo (8)
  • CONtemplating, con information (9)
  • another blank page (10)
  • Star Trektennnial News, swag and back issues to buy (11)
  • short blurbs about what the actors are up to (12)
  • an editor's note:
    STAR TREKTENNIAL NEWS wishes to apologize to those STAR TREK fans who were offended at our urgings last month that you write to NBC about SPECTRE. We may have been over-confident and presumptuous in assuming that you would support any project by Gene Roddenberry which you hadn't seen yet. Also, we should have stated that if you wished to write, these were the people to write to. We did not mean to sound manipulative; we were just exuberant and hoped that our enthusiasm would be contagious. However, we do not feel an apology is necessary for devotign so much space to SPECTRE.

  • contains an warning by the editors: don't be a dupe

Issue 23

Star Trektennial News 23 was published in Sep/Oct 1977 and contains 8 pages.

cover of issue #23

It was edited by Susan Sackett.

  • Letters & Questions
  • One to Beam Up: Interview with Gene Roddenberry by Susan Sackett
  • Penpals
  • Contest page
  • Editor's log - buyer warning for the Godbar Company Ltd, who were cheating clients trying to buy Star Trek merchandise
  • Star Treks: All of the actors from Star Trek (except Leonard Nimoy) are preparing for their roles in the return of Star Trek as a telelvision series, and more.

Issue 24

Star Trektennial News 24 was published in Nov/Dec 1977 and contains 8 pages.

cover of issue #24

It was edited by Susan Sackett.

  • Letters & Questions
  • Star Trek II - Star Trek is supposed to be returning as a two hour movie and then a TV series...
  • One to Beam Up: Gene Roddenberry interviewed by Susan Sackett
  • Penpals
  • Contest page
  • Cartoons
  • Editor's Log: Susan Sackett resigns as editor, Virginia Yable is to take over with the next issue.

Issue 25

cover of issue #25

Inside Star Trek 25 (note title change) was edited by Virginia Yable and was published in 1978. Format change with this issue--now on newsprint-like paper and slightly more professional look, with art, photos and news about the original Star Trek series and the future of the franchise. 32 pages. This issue contains still more of interview with Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry on the demise of the original Star Trek movie, interview with science consultant Jesco Von Puttkamer, penpals, movie updates, questions from readers, and more.

Issue 26

Inside Star Trek 26 was published in 1978 and has 32 pages. It was edited by Virginia Yable.

cover of issue #26
  • STTMP update
  • 6-page William Shatner interview on KABC
  • 4-page Gene Roddenberry interview
  • many cast photos from the giant press event announcing the film

Issue 27

Inside Star Trek 27 was published in 1978 and contains 32 pages. It was edited by Virginia Yable.

cover of issue #27
  • news about the then-in-the-works movie STAR TREK THE MOTION PICTURE
  • several behind-the-scenes photos from the film
  • 4-page interview with Leonard Nimoy
  • 7-page interview with Nichelle Nichols
  • cover by Gordon Schmidt

Issue 28

Inside Star Trek 28 was published in 1978 and has 32 pages.

cover of issue #28

It was edited by Virginia Yable.

  • Movie update
  • Persis Khambatta picture and short article
  • Stephen Collins article
  • A View from the Bridge: Gene Roddenberry interview
  • Majel Barrett article
  • Jesco von Puttkamer article about the Black Hole
  • Virginia Yaple (editor) about visiting the set

Issue 29

Inside Star Trek 29 was published in 1979 and has 32 pages. It was edited by Virginia Yable.

  • Movie update...many pictures
  • Story contest winner
  • More on black holes

Issue 30

Inside Star Trek 30 was published in 1979 and has 32 pages.

cover of issue #30

It was edited by Virginia Yable.

  • Cast of characters list
  • The universe and beyond by Peter Bankers about how the movie was made
  • The players
  • Creative people behind the scenes
  • A letter from Gene Roddenberry

Issue 31

Inside Star Trek 31 was published in 1987 (yes, eight years later) and contains 16 pages. Almost everything appears to be written by "Marie." The editor of this issue is Christina Mavroudi.

cover of issue #31

This fanzine is sixteen pages including covers and contains articles which include:

  • Star Party (An exclusive report on Gene Roddenberry and Jonathan Frakes’ Birthday Party)
  • Observational “Data” on Brent Spiner by Marie
  • Close-up: Meet the man who brings the aliens alive in “Star Trek: the Next Generation” – Michael Westmore by Marie
  • Life on a Starship (Captions by Marie)
  • Trek Trivia; Meet Starfleet’s Lieutenant Blaze: Lorine Mendell by Marie
  • other miscellanies including a full-color back cover of Majel Barrett as “Lwuxana Troi," pictures of Brent Spiner, Michael Westmore, Marina Sirtis, Majel Barrett, Patrick Stewart, Lorine Mendell, et al


  1. ^ mentioned in I even dream of work: Interview with Susan Sackett (1976)
  2. ^ Memory Alpha - Inside Star Trek
  3. ^ from Media Fandom Oral History Project Interview with Ruth Berman
  4. ^ Is this fan referencing "The Official Star Trek: The Next Generation Magazine"? -- this was published during the same time frame, but there is no January 1989 issue.
  5. ^ Data Entries #8 (July 1989)
  6. ^ from Pentathlon #1, Perhaps this reviewer doesn't realize that at the time IST was published and mailed to the very earliest fans of the show, these things were new and very interesting. To them, quality artwork or a fancy layout didn't matter nearly as much as facts about every person who worked on the show, including the film crew. These were people who had never seen that picture of Chekov before.
  7. ^ from Plak-Tow #9 August 1968
  8. ^ The GRAS thing sounds more like an excuse for a private party, than an actual club. From a note in this issue of "Inside Star Trek": "Applications for membership GRAS -- which has no dues and no plans for future activities -- or for the Mark Leonard International Fan Club, which has dues and will be putting out a newsletter, can be send to PO Box 2427, Station D, Ottawa 4, Ontario, Canada."
  9. ^ No doubt.
  10. ^ mentioned in I even dream of work: Interview with Susan Sackett (1976)


  1. ^ They never mentioned the real origin for the phrase, but there's no way they wouldn't have known it. "Happiness is a Warm Gorn" is a takeoff on the Beatles' "Happiness is a Warm Gun" from the White Album, which had come out earlier that year.