Nut Hatch Press
|Name:||Entropy Press, Nut Hatch, Nut Hatch Collective, Nuthatch, Nut Hatch Creative Workshoppe, The Nut Hatch, Nut Hatch-Entropy, Entropy Express, DOAW, NHE, USS Atlantis Productions, Futura Productions|
|Type:||fanfic zines, fanzine publisher|
|Fandoms:||Professionals, due South, Starsky & Hutch, Sentinel, multi-media|
|Other:||slash, gen; also sold authorized reprints for Tanglewebb Press|
|URL:||Final 2003 update via Wayback Machine|
|Click here for related articles on Fanlore.|
It began publishing in 1978 (using the name "USS Atlantis Productions" and "Futura Productions . In 1984, it began using the name "Entropy Press."  At some point (?), it became "Nut Hatch" (and variations of that name) and continued to published zines and other fannish items until May 2006.
The press published both novels and anthologies, mostly slash but with a smattering of gen as well. It published under a wide variety of names (Entropy Express and DOAW). It was, however, it was best known as "Nut Hatch Press," and variations on that name.
Nut Hatch also agented for other fanzine publishers. In a 1994 flyer, they advertised that they had "....reprint rights to Tanglewebb Press zines, and we agent for Entropy Express world-wide, and in Australasia for Satyr D'Nite Press and Other Times and Places Press."In its early years, "Nut Hatch Press" considered itself an "underground press," but went on to become one of the most intensely advertised fanfiction publishers. From a 1989 statement in Falconhurst:
Not for general sale: get it for a friend, get it from a friend... Which means, please recommend us to your friends, because we do not use open advertising. We are a completely underground press and we rely on your word of mouth.
Some Self-DescriptionFrom its website (date unknown):
From the publisher's website in about 2001:What — or who — in the world is Nut Hatch?!
The short answer is, we're a bunch of people who love fanzines, who have a particular love of print-media zines, and who have been around in this artform for over a quarter of a century!
At this moment, Nut Hatch and its gen-fanfic partner, Entropy Express, is (are?) three core people: Jennifer Adamson-Downes, Dave Downes and Mike Adamson ... and if it sounds like we're family, that's cuz we are! At the hub of the press, being the dog's body, chief-cook-and-bottlewasher, old workhorse, around whom the whole thing revolves, it's Jennifer, long known to most of fandom as "JJ." Aha! Light may have dawned!  Think Empire Star and Solo as far back as 1978! Think Syndicated Images and Dead Reckoning in the early 1980s. Or Cross My Heart, Full Circle, Fantazine, The Hunting, Double or Nothing and so on, around 1990!
It's the same JJ, and as some of my now-lost fannish friends and acquaintances may know, I was married in Fairbanks, Alaska, in March 1999...What you may not have known is that I've loved STARSKY & HUTCH since 1976, and have been publishing zines since '94 ... in between zipping from one side of the world to the other and (ahem) getting married! 
The Nut Hatch is another of the oldest fannish presses in the world, not much younger than Entropy Express. This one was born in 1984 as a "circuit library" in the Golden Age of PROS fandom. Ah, those were the days!
Scores of zines and many websites later, Nut Hatch is still alive and kicking and, if not actually "going strong," it's certainly surviving! A few years ago we branched out into many other fandoms after PROS had been our pivot point for so long that, at one stage, it seemed all of fandom was Bodie and Doyle! The FULL CIRCLE zines were born right then, and after the five of those came STARSKY & HUTCH, DUE SOUTH, and more.More recently, Nut Hatch's last mainspring, JJ, mentioned that the rights to print four long in-limbo M/Uncle zines, and a whole new project was born. Read on..." 
Some 1992 Submission Guidelines
Zines can be ordered by lodging a SASE plus a $10 deposit for each issue desired with Betty Ann. The order is passed to The Nut Hatch in Australia, and a bulk shipment is made when the zine is available. Please include an age statement with your first order. NOTE TO CONTRIBUTORS: If you have a zine-length story, we are interested in 'amateur press association' type publishing. It works this way: we don't chew you up by editing, but you submit best-quality camera-ready copy, and if we enjoy your work, (and we very likely will!), we publish right off your original pages. You receive a free copy in exchange, or two if you supply art in addition to text. We undertake the marketing, advertising, copying and binding, probably the illustrations too. If you don't have access to a good quality printer, if you can send us compatible software we can print out via the Hewlett Packard on which our zines are done. We can use 5.25 or 3.5 disks, IBM compatible; Wordperfect, Works, Wordstar 3.3, First Choice, Deskmate, or ASCII text file preferred, but we can convert almost anything but Apple-Mac. Plus, if sending disks, also enclose a hard copy, as sometimes your italics can turn into squiggles during conversion. We're looking for good, original, meaty stories, 140-160 pp in length, literally any subject. As sexy as you like; naughty, yes...soft bondage, sure, but we're not fond of S&M subjects. If submitting from the USA, remember the shape of Aussie paper when formatting! 
Technology, Weight, and Location
The press constantly struggled with the reality of their location: shipping zines from Australia to fans outside of Australia was extremely expensive.From the editorial of Sword of Damocles:
From a 1992 ad regarding the postal service and material distribution:But as you know, the zine must come in under 5OOg, and we're teetering on the brink of that right now. Once upon a time, Nut Hatch books were 177pp! That was in the days when we used staples and paper covers (ouch). The coils and acetate plastic sheets weigh about 30g — which effectively steals about a dozen sheets of paper from the zine... when you exceed 500g, airmail leaps up by $14 and $15 — no stops along the way to $24 and $25, for the addition of a single extra sheet of paper. To those of you who own and operate computers, a note: if you need a RAM memory kit of about three megs (several chips), drop a line to [B R], [Australian address redacted]. These chips are designed to run with the AT generation of computers, so make sure you have the right kind of machine to run them. (That is, if you have an SX, you'd have problems). Your manual will tell you. And this is a bargain.
Zines can be ordered by lodging a SASE plus a $10 deposit (or payment in full, adding $2.90 for US postage), for each issue desired to Betty Ann. The order is passed to the Nut Hatch in Australia, and a bulk shipment is made at once, using the SAL mail, half the price of air mail, but takes only four weeks for delivery. Please note that prices reflect the international shipping costs. It isn't cheap!! The box is sent insured to Betty Ann, who when it has been recieved, will use your SASE to inform you that your zines have arrived, and what the balance to pay is, (the post-paid price, less your deposit). Your order is never at risk; orders are always filled very promptly, never using sea mail! All back issues of Nut Hatch zines are available; don't let rip-off artists sell you circuit version. Please include an age statement with first orders. 
Constant Financial Worries
According to the always very lengthy editorials in the print zines, "Nut Hatch Press" was always on the verge of financial collapse, in financial collapse, or climbing back from financial collapse. Reasons cited were the economy, cost of shipping from Australia, zine piracy, equipment failure, circuit stories vs. zines, the circuit, the GST, and other variables.In a long, long personal statement in 1986, Jane said Entropy Express was closing down shop due to zine piracy:
In 1988, from the editorial of Unfinished Melody:It's very sad when fans start to prey off one another: It's true that we all prey on the licenced copyright holders, but producers and fans have come to a sort of understanding, and we thought the understanding between fans themselves was very clear: when piracy raises its head, fandom comes unglued, and if we don't have ethics, we've got nothing ... The photocopier and the SLR camera are the fan producer's worse enemies. We at Entropy are trying to market a range of high quality zines and telepix, and it's recently been brought to our notice that the main reason why our sales have been so poor is that our potential customers in the USA are obtaining copies of both our zines and our photos from ... somewhere. It must be understood that any zine's 'next issue' depends on the financial returns of its past and current issues. When the editor has boxes of unsold copies but the customers have all got pirated copies — there isn't going to be a next issue. This the state of affairs with SYNDICATED IMAGES. It gets rave review, but we literally can't give it away. We're not even asking who it is who's responsible for sticking our zines on the copier for friends [and] releasing the stories onto the circuit . . . but we'd like to say this to them: Congratulations. SI just closed up shop at #8, and unless we sell the mountain of copies we've got in the boxes (which is to say, if they can be kept off the circuit and interested parties purchase the zines instead of bags full of loose copies from Blackbeard Productions), SI9 will never happen. It was going to be a beauty, like #10 after it, but we know when we're licked. You pirates have killed the zine stone dead; when SI8 is available, in about ten days' time, and you've pirated that, there won't be anything else for you to pirate. To the people who own our zines in their pirated form, we'd like to add the following: we're not blaming you. How were you to know that the stories were not cleared for circulation, and that the publishers have heaps of unsold stock? But if you come across the works of the following authors in circuit-story form from this point on, you know that they are the wares of rip-off merchants: Adam Jenson, Jack Heston, Jane Sterling, Peta Brock, G.W. Conrad, Mike Adamson. These writers appear only in SI, and since all our issues are still in print, none of them are cleared for the circuit. To the people who are copying/selling our telepix: do you really think a photographer can't recognise his/her own work? Imagine the shock when you open a zine and find it illustrated with a Xeroxed enlargement of a photo for which the supposedly unique negative is in your own file! There's nothing we or any other photographer could do about this: copyright is a laughing matter when someone has a 35mm camera and a set of CU filtres... 
From the 1989 Falconhurst:This novel is from THE NUT HATCH CREATIVE WORKSHOPPE. Not for general sale: Get it from a friend. Get it for a friend. But no part of this novel may be reproduced in any way or form without permission from the publisher. Please do not photocopy it as a favour for your friend; the result is that she won't know it is/was a zine and not a circuit story, and will copy it for her friends, who copy it for theirs — ad infinitum. Got it?? This is a zine! And unless The Nut Hatch can sell its copies, we'll go broke and won't be able to do any further zines! Many thanks for your attention and your co-operation. This novel is copyright. -- Kathy Keegan, Publisher.
In an editorial from a 1991 issue of Fantazine, the editor wrote that she was concerned about finances, a common worry for many zines:Please, under NO circumstances whatever copy the text of this book for the circuit. As you will read on page 3, our sales are failing badly, and soon we may have to shut up shop. Friends returning from the USA tell us our zines are all on the circuit over there — which is why we can't sell the copies we print. We have to stay solvent, and to do this, we need to sell copies. If YOU have a copy of this zine in your hand and are setting off to copy it for your friend, please remember... this could be our last zine, because of what you are about to do. HELP US!! Thanks.
In June 1992, Kathy Keegan had good news. From the editorial to In the Future Tense:We're in real financial strife once more, so if you are ordering direct from the Press in Australia, and if you can pre-order, it would be safest to do so. All orders will definitely be filled, but we won't be able to print 'spare' copies, and batches will have to be restricted to orders-only. This means there may be a delay in sending your zine, and for this we apologize. The difficulty is, we can't carry a mass of spare copies because they'll be boxed in the corner, tying up the finances for the next zine, which is never more than about two months away. Funding has become a real problem once more, and we beg your patience until we can get our difficulties straightened out.
In November 1992 in the editorial to Elvensongs, Jane commented on a turn for the worse and on what she felt shut down Entropy Express:On a positive note, things are looking up for the press, with better sales and some great representation at cons. Also, the 'black marketeering' of our zines, which was such a problem in years gone by, seems to have just about stopped, and that is wonderful. Thanks to all of you who helped fix this. We are still alive and still publishing!
In 1992, from Flood Tide, a statement she used on a number of Nut Hatch zines:The process of atrophy has struck our Aus sister press, Tanglewebb. They are closing, and I wish I could blame it on the global depression, but sadly it's not that simple. A friend in the US was good enough to let Tanglewebb know that they were being ripped off, their zines were being pirated and sold as facsimile editions in America. Bad enough, but here is the cruncher: the pirate is in Australia, those facsimiles are being shipped o/seas from here and probably bought in all good faith. This kind of news sends shock waves around any press. Tbe same thing happened to the publishers of the Ennarare media lines last year. Same thing happened to Entropy Express in the mists of time, when JJ was at the helm. This sickness kills small presses, and make large ones ill. Nut Hatch is probably being pirated, but thanks to the fact we have such an excellent distributor, and we've been going so long that we have an enormous list of zines available, we can survive. Tanglewebb can't. We grieve to see a press die due to piracy, and there's a cold shudder running through us all. If our sales implode and fall to about 60 or some ridiculous figure, we know what's the cause of it. But what to do about it? That, as Hamlet said, is the question.
From a the 1999 editorial, GST SPELLS K.A.O.S. but Entropy Express will probably survive!:THAT OLD PLEA TO READERS: for the umpteenth time we beg you not to duplicate this zine for the circuit. Also, if you discover someone doing this, gently suggest to them that they stop, because The Nut Hatch will get stuck with $1000's worth of unsold copies, and go broke all over again! If you would like to bulk-order for your group, circuit or con, please write to us, we would be delighted to give details in full!
The long-awaited and longer-feared GST is happening, and though Nut Hatch can exist in that environment, it won't be plain-sailing Click on this for the full story of what's going on, but the short version, within the parameters of this editorial is: zinedom exists in a shady zone under copyright law, and in a few months' time, I'm going to have to answer to the Australian Taxation Office for the business that goes through my credit card merchant account, and the stock that goes through my hands, no matter what it is. It's getting scary enough that I know I need to be careful, before a day comes when I find myself trying to explain to the government about zines, and slash. 
From the editorial in Double or Nothing (2002), Jane of Australia, writes of the fundraiser for the new printer and of some of its results:
The words "welcome to a new zine" leap to mind. And also, this issue is a quantum leap, literally, over the previous ones. We never before had the ability to illustrate the zines to the extent which the fiction most certainly deserved; and that situation didn't change until very recently (like, the few weeks prior to the printing of this issue!) when, after a decade and more of faithful service, the old HP LaserJet IIIP decided to go to that great printer workshop in the sky.
Immediate panic gripped NHE (which is of course an amalgam of Nut Hatch and Entropy Express: more about that later). Real, serious panic, folks, because a new printer costs serious bucks and we're on a pretty tight budget! Fortunately, a combination of ingenuity, desperation and a goodly amount of kindness on the part of early-ordering fans came to our rescue. We launched a fund-raiser, and enough people pre-ordered to allow us to go get the printer and get it installed in time to be actually printing this zine in May 2002, as we'd promised. Thank you, thank you, to everyone who was kind enough to do this.Two pieces of fantastic news come out of this. The first thing is ... the new printer is capable of outputting very nice halftones indeed, and gives us the ability to illustrate the zines properly. This is the first issue where we've been given the chance to indulge ourselves in the artistic side of zines, and ... wow. The second wonderful thing to come out of this story is that the necessity to launch a fund raiser to help pay off the new printer made us look around for something new and delicious. By an astonishing stroke of luck, we'd just had the chance, a couple of months earlier, to get a CD burner at a price you would not believe. And out of the blue an old project, looong on the back burner, was brought out of the drawer. In all probability you're holding the first of the series of disks in your hands even as you read these words!
The "Private URL"In the early to mid 2000s, the press explained their policies for admittance to the Nut Hatch catalog:
Well, at least you're halfway there! This page is a "staging base" on the way, because you're now on the threshold of, and about to enter the "private sector," or "members' area" the site.
As you would expect, the Nut Hatch pages are "by invitation and referral only," which is to say, we need to be sure that visitors are aware of the situation before they walk right in!
This is only good manners, and good sense. Nothing actually uploaded to this server is rated more than PG-15, but we want to be absolutely sure that no offence is given or taken, so —
Because time is at such a premium these days, we've decided to invest a little more trust in our users, and, rather than have everyone pop off an email saying, in effect, "Hi there, I'm on my way into Nut Hatch," (which is actually a private URL), we thought we would inset a real, genuine, Java-scripted "login page" between DOAW and Nut Hatch:
The login page is still a form (as it has been for yeaks), with a pseudo-legal "agreement," where you state your firm understanding of what slash is, and what Nut Hatch publishes, give a valid email address*, and hit the "I Agree" key. However, rather than being automatically redirected, you actually need to receive a proper user name and password from us ... but you can use your user name and password AUTOMATICALLY from them on, no need to pop off any more emails, just log in and go.
It's part of the chain of legality that we must ask you for your valid email address!! In case of come-backs, we need to know that the people wjho "signed the form" agreed to the terms! So please, just one time, "jump through the hoops with us for the sake of legalities. (Also, the first time through the hoop, you'll need to give us a valid emaid addy because otherwise we can't email your user name and password to you ... duh).
So, via this whole login process, you absolve us, in the event that you should be offended by slash; you will be redirected to a second page, where the "secret URL" will be revealed, complete with the on-link to get right into the sealed section ... it's like a pair of shears!
Please don't give away the URL!! Ask your friends to go through the login process. It's simple, it's streamined, it's quick, it's only a one-off, and after that — heck, bookmark the Nut Hatch homepage and go right there!!Thank you for your patience. Have fun at Nut Hatch!! 
Nut Hatch-Entropy Multimedia (NHE)
In the early '00s, Nut Hatch gained another owner -- Jane's husband Dave -- and expanded into a much broader business, NHE Multimedia. At least some new zines were sold both in paper and CD formats, and the CDs had added material as well:
Jane explains in 2003:[W]e're just about to come out with an all-new SENTINEL zine, both on CD-Rom and paper, as a full-on multimedia experience including book! CASCADE VISIONS is about to happen, with video, music, hundreds of color photos, rafts of georgeous digital artwork, animations, sound effects and ... lest we forget! ... a swag of delicious stories. We also produced THE PROFESSIONALS 25th ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION CD-Rom set, and we just released the DIGITAL DREAMS: THE PROFESSIONALS album from popular artist Jade. And if multimedia tickles your fancy almost as much as the Pros fanzines, don't miss CROSS MY HEART #14 on CD-Rom.
NHE" is an amalgam of Nut Hatch and Entropy Express. There's more dovetailing between the two presses as time goes on, we're sharing web space, CD projects and so on, and the dividing line is getting harder to pick. A while ago I made the decision to weld the two into NHE ... Mike may maintain the 'Entropy Express' label for a while to come, but eventually NHE will embrace both. I want to take this moment to make special thanks to an angel without whom none of these projects would be happening. I was rescued ... My darling life-partner, soul-mate and fellow CD-perpetrator, Dave, took over emails and 'customer service' for me. I don't think he knew what he was getting into, but he's been a trooper. 
They also expanded out to other physical mediums:
We're currently launching a whole new range: we have glossy photos available now for Pros, Martin Shaw, Lewis Collins, Starsky & Hutch, Highlander and Richard Dean Anderson, with Due South, "classic" Mel Gibson and Harrison Ford, and others available soon ...
But the most exciting news is that we're producing the "Art by Jade" series of "stuff" ... bookmarks, fridge magnets, coasters, art prints ... [...] with SIX subjects available now (LORD OF THE RINGS, HIGHLANDER, S&H, PROS, STARGARTE SG-1 and THE SENTINEL), and several more due soon, including some "by request" items, and various specials for Martin Shaw devotees still in the works.So at this time NHE is in full-swing with CDs, objects d'art, and so on ... for instance, we have a full-size reproduction of the glorious LADDER OF SWORDS poster in full color, and some amazing goodies are imminent. Stay tuned!
The DreamCraft ConnectionBeginning in 1996, Jane's fanfic (as well as many other items) were sold on the site called "DreamCraft." --
DreamCraft was born in 1996 as a multimedia studio, producing CD-Rom, software, art and photography, enter- and edutainment. Twelve years later, we’re working in the new and innovative digital field of ‘POD publishing.’
‘POD’ is an acronym standing for ‘print on demand.’ With the recent upsurgence in desktop technology, it's now very accurate to say that when a copy is ordered, it's printed. And POD publishing is tipped to turn the whole publishing world around in the near future.
We're currently very excited about our move into eBooks. You can now get every Mel Keegan title, formatted for virtually any machine, desk- lap- or palmtop.
Since Mel Keegan joined DreamCraft we’ve published more than a dozen new titles and several reprints ... and there’s plenty more to come!
We now have over 200 megs online at www.melkeegan.com ... and we're also starting to work with some new and exciting GLBTI writers.
The creator of "DreamCraft," the website, is who created Mel Keegan's website. In 2002, from Mel Keegan's website: "The Mel Keegan Online site was built by DreamCraft from fictional text supplied by Mel Keegan and artwork by Jade. The site design and function are copyright by DreamCraft. All parts of the site are strictly copyright. The universe of HELLGATE is entirely original, and this website will expand over time to incorporate characters, locations and technologies, a fore-taste of the richness of the new SF-series from Mel."  
The Press Shuts Down: 2006
Jane left fandom in a classic swan-song flounce on May 17, 2006, in a message to Zinelist (and other lists?) in which she expressed her unhappiness with complaints over unfilled zine orders and attributed them to malice and fandom's unwillingness to stand up to negative elements. 
"[The Nut Hatch] was closed, and its website removed from the internet, following an apparent misunderstanding on one of the discussion lists in April/May 2006. Jane declared that she was leaving Pros fandom, and would not be giving permission for anyone else to reprint her stories or zines. This means that stories printed by the Nut Hatch Collective, unless they had been previously archived online, or unless writers other than Jane give permission for their work to be printed elsewhere (and it is suspected that Jane wrote under many pseudonyms), will only be available via secondhand zines." 
Some of her Pros fiction is at The Circuit Library.
Slash novels (Bodie/Doyle)
- Affairs of the Heart
- Bound to Please
- The Cassidy Legacy
- Echoes of Elfland Horns
- Sparrow Through the Hall by Wally
- Fancy Dancing
- Flesh and Steel
- The Flood Tide
- Gentle on My Mind (five-volume slash brain-damage story, later expanded to a sixth volume by Dana Jeanne)
- Hostage To Peace by Wally (SF)
- The Hunting
- In the Future Tense
- A Madrigal
- Magickal by Jane (two volumes) (SF)
- Perfect Gentlemen
- Rainy Days
- Sword of Damocles
- Time and Motion
- A Throw of the Dice
- Unfinished Melody
- Goblin by Sara Lansing
- Knife's Edge by Sara Lansing and Barbara Jones
- Operation Assegai by Sara Lansing and Barbara Jones
- Hellburner by Sara Lansing and Barbara Jones
- Deep Fire by Sara Lansing and Barbara Jones
- Hostage London by Sara Lansing and Barbara Jones
- Cascade Visions (slash anthology)
- Ménage a Enterprise (crossover novel with Star Trek: TNG)
- Shaman (slash novel)
Star Trek: TNG
- Burning Skies
- as "USS Atlantis Productions": Solo, Empire Star, Vendetta, Blaster, Tales from AAgan's Rim, Empire Star Monthly News
Agented for Tanglewebb Press
- Taemon's Cuckoos by Tessie Rae (Pros slash, sequel to Wine Dark Nexus, a story in In the Public Interest 2)
- Rainbow Chasers by HG (Pros slash)
- Bed and Bored (multimedia slash)
- Diamyien (Pros slash)
- Book of Strife (Pros slash, AU novel)
Notes and References
- from the 1992 editorial in In the Future Tense
- see Solo, Empire Star, Vendetta, Blaster, Tales from AAgan's Rim, Empire Star Monthly News
- "When Entropy Press first came into existence in late 1984 it was with the launch of the media zine SYNDICATED IMAGES." -- from the editorial of Burning Skies.
- wayback link to website page
- wayback link to website page
- The Nut Hatch
- from an ad in On the Double #23 (June 1992)
- from an ad in On the Double #23 (June 1992)
- from Universal Translator #32
- from Nut Hatch Press, Editorial from October 1999-January2000
- Nut Hatch Press; WebCite
- Nut Hatch Site Index, dated April 2003. Accessed January 10, 2009.
- from Double or Nothing #3
- Mel Keegan: About (2009?)
- Mel Keegan: Home
- See The DreamCraft Connection.
- Saved email from Zinelist, dated May 17, 2006. Accessed January 10, 2009.
- Paley Loitering
- Flyer on the Cross My Heart Pros zines page, via Wayback Machine, dated 2003. Accessed January 11, 2009.