Star Wars

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Name: Star Wars
Abbreviation(s): SW, Wars
Creator: George Lucas
Date(s): Star Wars Original Trilogy & related

Star Wars Prequel Trilogy

Star Wars Sequel Trilogy

Spin-Off/Stand-Alone Films

Medium: Film
Country of Origin: United States
External Links: IMDB
Click here for related articles on Fanlore.

Star Wars is a space opera film series with a huge worldwide fandom and a massive impact on pop culture.


Early History

A fan tells other fans about Star Wars, shortly before it was released:

...STAR WARS is being released May 25 In about 50 theaters nation-wide, and certain select cities will be showing it in 70mm and 6 channel stereo sound.

The book of the story is out, Marvel Comics is telling the story of it in comics form, the soundtrack will be released when the film is, and Cinefantastique is doing a big report on it in July, I think.


The basic storyline is that there is a fascist dictatorship ruling the galaxy (not ours) and has deposed an emperor to get power. There is a system of rebels who want to reinstate the monarchy through the dead emperor's daughter. She gets kidnapped by fascist Governor Muftarkin and his villainous sidekick Darth Vader in their spaceship called the Deathstar, a sphere 200 miles in diameter. He threatens to destroy her home planet unless she tells him where the rebel base is. She finally tells him, but since they were just passing her planet, he destroys it anyway, believing it to be a deterrent to the rebels.

Meanwhile, back at the ranch, Luke Skywalker lives on the planet Tatooine with aunt and uncle as his parents died when he was a kid. Tatooine is a very dry, arid planet, and they work on a farm, harvesting water. Luke has aspirations of someday going to the space academy and becoming a pilot. He comes home one day to find his uncle has spent his tuition to go to the academy on two robots, a three foot high cylindrical Bleep-Bleep named R2D2, and a humanoid form called C3P0. They had been captured and deactivated by thieves and sold, and they have a programmed message for the princess, so when they are reactivated, they set out into the desert to find the princess.

C3P0 speaks 14 spoken languages, 37 electronic languages, and Wookie. R2D2 is an information storage robot and only speaks electronic languages. They have a dispute in the desert and each set off in their own directions. Luke sets off and finds them but has a tangle with Tuscan raiders, is almost killed and C3P0 loses his left arm when shot. It scares the Tuscan raiders off, and Ben (Obi-Wan) Kenobi comes out of the hills. Before fascist takeover, Ben was the leader of the Jet Ionites, a sort of imperial elite. He tells Luke the true story of how his father die was a loyal ionite, and taught Luke about the Force. He gives Luke the handle of the light saber that belonged to his father and... I've already told you too much. I hope you enjoy the movie. [1]

Brief Fandom Overview: The Original Trilogy

At the time of the first movie's release in 1977, Star Wars fandom grew rapidly, with fan clubs, zines, and fan-run conventions.

One of the earliest fan clubs was The Royal Order of the Rebel Forces formed in 1977. It was run by Paula Truelove, who was later co-editor of the Harrison Ford fanzine Flip of a Coin. Another club was Forces of the Empire[2], which was established in 1980 and is still in existence today. Clubs were not restricted to the United States: both the Moons of Yavin Fan club in England [3] and Maikel Das's Northern German Star Wars group [4] located in Hamburg [5] sprang into existence and operated for many years, producing both fanzines and art.

cover of an issue of Empire Review, portrait of Our Founder

There was an official Star Wars newsletter that did publish some fan art and meta articles by fans. Bantha Tracks[6] was published from 1978 to 1987 by LucasFilm as part of the Fan Relations department.

The first Star Wars movie came out just as the new Star Trek movie was in early production at Paramount. The success of the Star Wars movie helped persuade Hollywood to move ahead with a Star Trek feature film rather than a revised television series. However, Star Wars was not entirely welcomed by all Star Trek fans. "Not all of Star Trek fandom reacted favorably to Star Wars, however. Two extremes have already formed, one saying that 'Trek is doomed' (a new slogan) citing Star Wars as its killer, and the other faction maintaining a grin-and-bear-it attitude, assuming that the enthusiasm will wane eventually leaving ST fandom intact and Star Wars as 'just'" [7]

1978, the editors of the Star Trek fanzine Sol Plus advertised for new submissions, saying: "...and please, Star Trek only, no Star Wars!" This showed that Star Trek fans were increasingly writing Star Wars material, and sending it to Star Trek editors for publication. [8]

By 1979, however, Star Wars was being recognized at fan run conventions and the first FanQ awards were given to Star Wars fans: Maggie Nowakowska for her Star Wars stories the Thousandworlds Collected series, and Martynn, who illustrated Star Wars stories.[9]

In 1980, the annual convention for fanzine producers and readers moved from Michigan to New York for one year. "The name, Mos' Eastly Con, showed the growing influence of Star Wars. Organizers evenly split the panels between Star Trek and Star Wars; the remaining panels covered general topics (such as "the art of editing")." [10]

Star Wars fanzines and other fan works continued to be published through the 1980s and 1990s, with interest in the fandom waxing and waning over the years, often timed to the release of a new movie. For example, in 1993 and again from 2004-2008, there were no Star Wars specific FanQ awards.

At the Birth of the Fandom

For more on this topic, see Who Comes With Summer.
By next year, at the very least, a new fandom will spring into existence: Star Wars fandom. But why a whole fandom for just one movie? Why so much excitement just for two hours of fantasy on film?... The mundane reviewers suggest that people are tired of all the disaster films, the film jammed with social commentary, heavy symbolism and heavy meanings. Or maybe there hasn't been a big escapism film in a long time, and Star Wars luckily cased in by appearing at just the right time? Or maybe the special effects just swept everyone up in an identical wave of enthusiasm? Yet, not only has the mundane public turned out in record numbers to see Star Wars. Fandom has gone all out, too, and not Star Trek fandom either. All of the SF-related fandoms are talking about Star Wars: comix fandom, Sword & Sorcery, even Tolkien... Just to look at Star Trek fandom in particular, the popularity can be traced to the fact that Paramount has stalled far too long in bringing out the new series. Star Trek fandom was ripe for Star Wars to find a willing audience. Another thing about Star Wars is the scope of the film. There is an epic quality to Star Wars... It's a grand tale full of adventure and suspense... Star Trek never had that epic quality. The whole of ST might have, but you might have to think a while before you could grasp it all. Star Wars shows that epic tale in the space of two hours, so that you don't have time to lose a single instant of it... A Star Wars fandom seems almost destined. Zine should appear shortly and one can only wonder when the first Star Wars convention will be. As in the case of ST fandom in the late '60's and early '70's, it will probably be a case of Star Wars appearing as part of the programming in regular ST, SF and Comicons, until a large enough cult exists to hold separate Star Wars cons... Many of them have already instituted SW panels, and Star Wars characters now swamp the costume competitions with a multitude of Lukes, Solos, and Wookies. [11]

SW fandom didn't just spring up ready-developed in 1977. There was a short time between the appearance of the movie and the first major fan activities and publications. [This] period between the time when the potential for a fandom exists, but has not yet been realized is known in sf fandom as Eofandom... One of the earliest criticisms of SW fandom I heard was that it never had a chance to develop on its own. SW fandom, critics claimed, was more public relations hype than it was true fandom. While this may be true, fandoms are not formed by corporations. Corporations can encourage the beginnings of a fandom, but they cannot create fandom... Twentieth Centurey could have come up with a prefab fandom for SW unless there was a potential there all along. [note 1]

It is important to try and all about the relationships between Luke, Leia and Vader. All we knew back then was that Luke was in love with Leia, Leia might be in love with Han, Vader had killed Luke's father and we'd not yet met the Emperor. There had been comics and novels of course since Star Wars but it was generally understood that none of these were canon.

In 1979 we were tantalised with morsels of info, Bantha Tracks had published a picture of Boba Fett in #5 revealing that he was a very dangerous individual. And Lando Calrissian was announced as an old buddy of Han Solo's. But it wasn't until October 1979 that things got really exciting (for me anyway). I went to my first convention at the NEC. A publicist from Lucasfilm was there and he showed some slides from the film, mostly Ralph McQuarrie production paintings and then later on they showed a 90-second trailer to [The Empire Strikes Back]. It was amazing; it looked different to Star Wars somehow. I remember jolting back in my seat when the Falcon banked suddenly into the camera to avoid an asteroid.

I remember that Star Wars was not that highly regarded at the time. Sure it was a huge worldwide success but the general critical consensus was that Lucas had simply been very clever at cannibalising the old movie serials and pulp stories.

There really didn't seem to be any Star Wars fandom in this country [the UK]. In the USA it was different. They were already producing huge volumes of Star Wars fan fiction and letterzines were full of intelligent debate.

1980 arrived and things started hotting up. The February issue of Starlog contained an article about the various rumours regarding The Empire Strikes Back, one of the rumours was that Darth Vader would turn out to be Luke's father. Ridiculous! [12]

Some Fanwork Firsts

the front cover of Warped Space #26/27, published in July 1977, the artist is Gordon Carleton
A hand drawn picture of Chewbacca with Yandro in bubble letters behind him. He's holding up a garland of small Darth Vader heads.
front cover of Yandro #241, December 1977, an early example of Star Wars fan art
back cover of Probe #12, by Cecilia Cosentini, dated August 1977, printed in February 1978

Star Wars fannish material began to appear in zines almost immediately. In September 1977, a fan wrote: "I know of at least 4 zineds in ST fandom who are already planning zines..." [13]

The first zines:

Before the internet, fans kept in contact via regular mail and letterzines, which were small, cheaply produced zines that printed letters from the subscribers, often including new zine announcements, meta discussions and essays, and flame wars as well as friendly chat and news about the movies and the fan community. Some fan club groups also produced their own letterzines, some including members' fan fiction and fan art. Three key letterzines were Alderaan (1978-1981), Jundland Wastes (1981-1983), and Southern Enclave (1984-2000).

Hundreds of zines were published and sold by fans through the mail and at conventions such as MediaWest*Con; some are still in production or available through used zines sales at conventions or on eBay.

For more on zines, see Star Wars Fanzines.

George Lucas' Involvement and Knowledge of Fandom

George Lucas was notoriously controlling, and frequently intolerant of fannish activity.

Star Wars and Star Trek

from The Sehlat's Roar #5, Gordon Carleton,

"What do you mean you're all standing in line to see 'Star Wars'?! That's mutiny, mister!"

"Yes, sir -- I guess it is."

For more on the effect of Star Wars on Star Trek fandom and the differences and similarities between the two, see Star Trek and Star Wars.

The Luke and Han Wars

cartoon from Jundland Wastes #3 by an unknown artist that shows some fan's dissatisfaction with Han "getting the girl" in the end


There was much tension among some fans regarding who was the "real hero" of Star Wars, a subject that became more complicated with each movie installment.

Star Wars Was Constantly Jossed

Because of the long lapses between the first three films (to say nothing of the three after that), fans and their creative works were constantly jossed. The revelation that Darth Vader was Luke's father in the second film threw fans for a loop, as did the second reveal in the third movie, that Luke and Leia were sister and brother.

Women In Star Wars Fandom

Star Wars has traditionally been seen as a primarily male-dominated fandom. As a result, the role that women have played in the development of the fandom has been often overlooked.

In 1982, Pat Nussman published an article in Comlink #9, a Star Wars letterzine entitled: "Where the Boys Are." In the article she explored the gender make-up of media fandom at the time and argued that it was skewed towards greater female participation, specifically in Star Wars fandom. The existence of such an article suggests that Star Wars fandom, like other areas of life, is not so much dominated by one gender or another as it is (or was) sex-segregated. See also Where are the women bloggers? at the Geek Feminism Wiki.

In 1995, the AOL Star Wars fan club began hosting Tuesday "Ladies Night" online chats. "Star Wars Ladies Night in private room 'Star Ladies'. The Star Wars Ladies Night is a free form discussion group that provides an opportunity for SW fans to discuss issues of interest to women. Join us as we discuss the Star Wars trilogy and its legacy from a woman's point of view. E-mail Ghislaine or LdyTempus for more info." [14]

There was also The Women of Star Wars Home Page, a resource site active from 1997 to 2000, and the Leia-centric archive Organa-Zation. Both of these were on Geocities.

For further reading, see Leia Organa, Leia: Meta/Further Reading, and Leia: Early Fan Reaction

Some Difficult Times

After Return of the Jedi was released, Star Wars fandom entered a trying period. There were no new movies on the horizon, and the last one had been somewhat of a letdown, anyway. The wounds opened by debate, much of it pointed and painful, in Jundland Wastes caused many fans to lick their wounds and back off.

There were some dark years ahead as SW fandom came to terms with the irreconcilable differences that exist among its members. Differences of opinion seemed to automatically transform into accusations. Sarcastic “how could you possibly believe that…” comments escalated into personal attacks on the opposing fan’s moral judgments. The word “fascist” had been used before to deride arguments in favor of the Imperials, but now fans were accused of such attitudes simply because they disagreed with another fan’s opinion. As mentioned earlier, fandom finally got angry enough to engage its most powerful defense: shunning. The instigators of the worst hostility found their letters were ignored; received and printed, yes, but no one responded. The topics and conversations flowed on around them without the slightest indication that their hostility mattered to anyone. And, eventually, those hateful letters stopped coming to the editor. Unfortunately, people were already well-burned. The legacy of the bad days muted lively discourse for years. The assumption that an unconventional opinion would automatically inspire a return to arms seemed accepted by many fans. People couched opinions with self-abasing modifiers, or simply waited for someone else to speak up. And, often, no one did — in print. There were some dry periods amongst the LoCs. Slowly, SW fans found their way back to a livelier conversational exchange. Articles began to reappear. The Pro SW novels began to appear, rekindling interest in younger fans. Rumors of new movies became facts and everyone wanted to share their speculations. And then came The Web. [15]

Move To The Internet

In the mid to late 90s, Star Wars fanfiction began to appear online in multi-fandom mailing lists, archives, and personal author sites, and finally in new Star Wars-centric archives. At first, much of the new fanfiction available online was drawn from the new Star Wars novel series, such as The Jedi Academy Trilogy (first published in 1994) and the X-Wing Series (beginning in 1996). The Corellian Embassy started up in 1998, with the goal of getting movie fanfiction from the older fanzines of the 70s and 80s online where new fans could find it. It was followed by sites like the Organa-Zation, SWA-L, The Sith Academy, The Force.Net's fanfiction section, Elusive Lover, and many others. Many of the early sites were on free services like GeoCities or AngelFire, and have since been lost. A few of the Geocities websites have been archived and are listed List of GeoCities Fansites#Star_Wars here. A comprehensive list of websites featuring Star Wars fan fiction and fan art, mailing lists and resource websites can be found on Stay On Target.

Expanded Universe

In 1991, Heir to the Empire, the first Star Wars tie-in novel was published. It was a major entry in what would become known as the Expanded Universe or EU. The Expanded Universe was a major drive of fan activity prior to the release of the first prequel film, The Phantom Menace, in 1999. Many characters who appeared only in the EU, such as Mara Jade, became extremely popular among fans.

Following Disney's purchase of Lucasfilm in 2014, the "old EU" was rebranded as Star Wars Legends and declared non-canonical. Disney then created their own Star Wars Expanded Universe, known by some fans as the "new EU" or "Disney 'verse".

Impact of Star Wars Prequel Movies

See The Phantom Menace.

The Disney Era (2014-present)

In 2012, it was announced that Disney had purchased Lucasfilm and it's properties including Star Wars for $4.05 billion. Production began on many new productions within the series. See The Force Awakens. Following the Disney purchase of 20th Century Fox studios and HULU, in November 2019, the Disney+ streaming service premiered with "The Mandalorian", a new Star wars television series.

The reception of the Disney Era (particularly the Sequel Trilogy) also encouraged fandom re-evaluation of the Prequel Trilogy.

[haltraveler, 2020 Tumblr post]
The cast of the Original Trilogy had cliched, boring character concepts that were executed wonderfully enough for it not to matter.

The cast of the Prequel Trilogy had interesting concepts that were executed poorly enough to make them seem utterly stupid.

The cast of the Sequel Trilogy had amazing, thought-provoking concepts that were executed in the town square and put up on pikes as a warning to others.
[eizneckam reblogged haltraveler]
This is actually probably the best summary of star wars I’ve ever seen


Adult/Slash Themes

In 1982, Maureen Garrett, president of the official Star Wars Fan Club sent a 'warning' to Star Wars fanzines that were publishing adult-themed fiction. This reflected the uneasy relationship that Star Wars fans had with Lucasfilm.

Throughout the 70s and 80s, Lucasfilm remained closely tied to Star Wars fan clubs and fanzine publishers, even asking fans to submit their fanzines to the studio for 'archiving' purposes. Some fans believed that Lucasfilm was using this as a pretext to monitor their fan works to ensure compliance with Lucasfilm's vision of a franchise with "no pornography, vulgarity, or explicit gore and violence." (See Lucasfilm for more). Ironically, the warning was over a het story that even by then standards would have garnered an R rating. For some fans, this was a welcomed attempt to curb what they felt was an unacceptable proliferation of adult-themed fan fiction. In fact, some Star Trek fans, unhappy with the K/S slash fiction that was popular in their fandom, became more open to the Star Wars fandom. [17]

For much more about this issue see Open Letter to Star Wars Zine Publishers.

Nonetheless, most fans, particularly female fans, did not take to the new message:

Lucasfilm is saying "you must enjoy the characters of the Star Wars universe for male reasons. Your sexuality must be correct and proper by my (male) definition, I am not male. I do not want to be. I refuse to be a poor imitation, or worse, someone's idiotic ideal of femininity. Lucasfilm has said in essence, "this is what we see in the Star Wars films and we are telling you this is what you will see." [18]

In 1991, Barbara T perhaps put the fan response most succinctly: "Fans mental play is no business of producers and nether are their private communications, however lengthy." [19]

In spite of Lucasfilm's attempt to maintain control over fan creations, fans continued to produce fanzines. Adult het and slash zines were, however, fewer in number, but that type of fan fiction continued to circulate privately as part of an informal circuit. See the Han/Luke page for more about the informal circuit. In fact, one such story involved an S/M encounter between Luke Skywalker and Darth Vader, was xeroxed and passed around in fandom at only slightly less than internet speed.[20] The notable exceptions were (1) the Organia fanzine published in 1982 which contained adult het fan fic well as original science fiction and feminist articles and poetry and (2) Imperial Entanglements published in 1982 with both gen and slash stories involving minor or original characters.

By the late 1990s, both explicit het and slash zines were being publicly published and when Star Wars: The Phantom Menace came out in 1999, adult themes became widespread. However, the battle over websites, fan vids and fan films continues to the present. One website, The, only removed its same sex fic restrictions in May of 2015. [21] [note 5]

See Lucasfilm for more.

Notable Adult & Slash Themed Fan Works

Star Wars Conventions

A young fan at a 1981 convention shows off his Yoda puppet -- the photo illustrates the large range of ages that participated in fan-run masquerade contests and activities and how many costumes were hand-made while also incorporating pre-made items. [note 6]
four convention flyers

While Star Wars fandom was close to as large, and certainly attracted a wide variety of fans, as Star Trek did, the traction for specific Star Wars cons never took off.

One reason: George Lucas forbid any major Star Wars actors from appearing at cons where unlicensed goods, such as fanzines and other fannish goods were sold. And Lucas himself, except for one exception (Starlog Salutes Star Trek) did not appear at cons.

The fandom itself was huge and varied, and while Star Trek fans were able to harness that energy and focus it on specific cons, Star Wars fans apparently did not.

Historically, there was, of course, much interest in the movies, and fan-run cons often had Star Wars programming, costuming, and other discussion, but Star Wars fandom didn't have the same convention energy that Star Trek, Starsky & Hutch, Blake's 7, The Professionals, Man from U.N.C.L.E., and other popular fandoms.

External Links


See also Category:Star Wars TPM Archives

Online fan fiction archives can be found as follows:

Other fan fiction resource links:

Mailing Lists/Forums


Mailing Lists

  • Sith_Chicks archive link "For Star Wars Chicks with a little more "adult" conversation in mind -- NO ONE UNDER 18 ALLOWED. This is a fanfiction list celebrating the side of fanfiction that the novelists won't write. All genres of fiction are welcome, with the majority of fic being NC-17 rated. This is the sister list to the Star Wars Chicks Fanfiction list. If this isn't your cup of tea, there are other lists - go find one. If it is, come right on in! Email attachments are NOT PERMITTED. Share files in the "Files" section to the left! *Note: New members now require approval and will be moderated for a short period of time. This is to prevent unwanted solicitation and spam, and is not meant to scare away new members. For more information, our FAQ is located at" (Founded: June 1999)
  • bailnow archive link "This is a mailing list devoted to the Star Wars' series character Bail Organa, Viceroy of Alderaan and adoptive father of Princess Leia. Present only through Leia in the Original Trilogy, he's making slightly more of a dent in the prequels. But are they really doing justice to a man who, after all, managed to give his daughter more balls than her brother ever grew? Discussion and fanfic -- het, slash, or gen -- is welcome. Adults ONLY, please -- by joining this group you are stating that you are over 18 and allowed to read smut. Anyone found to be younger WILL be removed by the list owner! Sorry kids, but it'll still be here when you're older..." archive is Bail Now (Founded: Mar 10, 2001)
  • Luke_and_Han archive link "Adult content. SLASH. You must be of legal age in your area to join this list. This list was created out of love for the characters Luke Skywalker and Han Solo in the Star Wars Trilogy, and the desire to discuss their relationship further, primarily within a SLASH (Male/Male sex) context, although GEN posts are welcome as well. We believe that Luke and Han were always meant to be together (Sorry Princess! Sorry Miss Jade!), and that both SLASH and GENfic supports our theory :-). All fans of Luke and Han are encouraged to join and post comments, questions, stories and artwork about The Boys and Their Relationship. This is *not* a 'writers-only' group, and all non-writers are especially encouraged to participate in discussions. -- Siusaidh. PLEASE NOTE: Although a link to this list is found on the ELUSIVE LOVER webpage, this is not a list moderated by the kind ladies at EL, nor is it an official list or archive for ELUSIVE LOVER stories. Likewise, the ELUSIVE LOVER website is primarily a *zine* site and is not an archive for stories posted on this list. Further, this list is not an archive for any webpage, and the list owner is not the host of any website at this time." (Created: March 2000)
  • Dark Luke archive link "This group is for discussion and fanfic of a galaxy far, far away in which Luke Skywalker did turn to the Dark Side of the Force. Theories, stories, etc. all welcome. Slash stories encouraged. Redemption fic welcome. We even like Mara, as long as she's dark. You need to be above the Age of Consent in your location. For more information:" (Founded: Feb 18, 2001)
  • SWA-L archive link "A SLASH list for lovers of Star Wars fiction. Discussion is fiction oriented, focusing on the characters and galaxy in both the original trilogy and the new. Off-topic conversation is kept to a minimum. Adult content. Subscribing will be taken as proof you are over the age of majority in your part of the world." (Created: Jan 14, 1999)


For some Star Wars interviews with fans, see Category:Star Wars Fan Interviews.

Other FanWorks: SongVids, Artwork, Costumes & Filking


Notable SongVids:

Meta/Further Reading

Fannish References

Sections to Add

This article or section needs expansion.

Sections to add. Anyone with any knowledge is welcome to pitch in:

  • First fan-run Star Wars convention? Fleshing out Star Wars fanzine history with more firsts.
  • What about Star Wars costuming and filking?
  • Star Wars artists?
  • Star Wars vids?
  • Notable clubs?
  • Star Wars entry into the Internet? Early mailing lists/newsgroups. The move to graphical websites. Fans creating their own websites. Fan Fiction archives.
  • Impact the prequels movies had on reviving fandom. How did the movies impact the growth of the fandom and fan's output/interest.


  1. ^ from Jeff Johnston as quoted in Comlink #30; the original quotation was from Alderaan #5
  2. ^ The editor of "Moonbeam" says: "I believed for almost 30 years that it was in fact the first primarily Star Wars fiction fanzine, but I recently learned that Skywalker, the exceptional Star Wars zine edited by Bev Clark, was in fact first by a couple of weeks. Ah well. I was still one of the first, and probably the first on the East Coast..""My Life in Fandom - Deb Walsh's Zines - Moonbeam". 2012-07-14. Archived from the original on 2012-12-16.
  3. ^ Actually, according to the dates on the zines themselves, "Moonbeam" was first; perhaps there was an understood wiggle-room with the distribution?
  4. ^ From Bev Clark in Southern Enclave #10: "AGAINST THE SITH came out a few weeks before SKYWALKER, no more than six. Neither was the first SW fanzine, exactly. The very first fanzine was a small, poorly produced effort out of Long Beach, called THE FORCE; it was more like a traditional 5F fanzine in that it didn't have much fiction. It was also what is bluntly called in SF fandom, a crudzine. The first fanzine to print all SW fiction, though admittedly as a single issue of a fanzine that was not devoted to SW to the exclusion of all else, was MOONBEAM 3, which came out in the late fall of 1977 or the early spring of 1978 before either AGAINST THE SITH or SKYWALKER, at any rate. SKYWALKER was certainly in preparation by then, however, it began in September, 1977."
  5. ^ "Hello Fanficcers! As many of you know, for years same-sex relationships have only been allowed to be written very vaguely and practically non-existent due to a decree by the owners of the site. Mod Squad has contacted the owner of the site recently with a request to resend this and I'm VERY pleased to announce that: There is no longer a restriction on same-sex relationships in fanfic. This is not a drill, I repeat, there is no longer a restriction on writing same-sex relationships. I think it probably goes without saying, but I would be remiss in my duty if I didn't say it: No other rules have changed as far as rating of fics and sexual depiction. Everything will remain family friendly. That is all. Please return to your regularly scheduled fanfic." -- MOD - With Regards to Same-sex relationships and Fanfic -- Jedi Council Forums, Archived version, May 26, 2015
  6. ^ photo is from the Forrest J. Ackerman Collection, sold on eBay in 2012 after his death, photographer and photo subject unknown. Ackerman spent a lifetime amassing the world's largest personal collection of science-fiction and fantasy memorabilia and who coined the term ‘sci-fi’ in the 1950s.