|Alias(es):||Daniel R. Kerns|
|Type:||fan writer & professional writer|
|Fandoms:||a fan of Star Trek: TOS and Star Trek: TNG, Doctor Who, and of Darkover; created Sime~Gen, Dushau & Kren|
|Click here for related articles on Fanlore.|
Jacqueline Lichtenberg is, among many other things, a fan turned pro. She is the creator of the Kraith series of Star Trek The Original Series short stories and novellas and of the professionally published Sime~Gen series.
Lichtenberg is a co-author of the hugely-influential Star Trek Lives!, a 1975 book that was a gateway to fandom for many fans.
She got into fandom when she had a letter published in "Amazing" and she was invited to join N3F.
Lichtenberg was one of the hosts of the Writing for Fanzines workshop.
She is also a practicing occultist who has written several books on Tarot cards and astrology.In 1977, Lichtenberg wrote:
From a 2020 interview:Jean Lorrah and I, in collaboration, have just sold Doubleday a Sime novel, FIRST CHANNEL. That's exciting to me for a number of reasons, but mostly because it's the first time I've sold an unwritten book, which makes it a milestone in my career. It's Jean's first novel sale (though not her first sale), and collaborations are "in" this year, so we're feeling very good about it. If Niven and Poumelle can do it, why not us women? 
I've often said — and I think it's still the most important thing we did—we blew the lid on fanfic.
In doing that, in telling the world that they can't do this to us; they can't take Star Trek away from us; they can't cancel us; they have no power over our imagination; we tore down walls for several generations to come to the gymnasium of the imagination where we share visions, articulate emotional wisdom, and become strong enough to "make it so" in everyday reality.The "message," or theme, of Star Trek Lives! was simply, "You are not alone." 
Lichtenberg's Activities as a Fan
When I was in seventh grade, my father bought a typewriter and taught me to touch type in 2 weeks. Then he insisted I practice every day.
Since the artwork in the science fiction magazines had annoyed me because it was inaccurate, I practiced by writing a letter to the editor lambasting the artists for not reading the stories. I was in seventh grade—what did I know of the business and trade of illustration? They published my letter with my snailmail address (it was a different era), and science fiction fans apparently agreed with me I got dozens of letters inviting me to join "fandom." I joined the National Fantasy Fan Federation, the N3F.Today, people don't understand that "fandom" was a web of social networks of organizations with constitutions, dues, by-laws, and internal publications, organizations of adults. Today people think "fan" means fanatic, childish, or not sane. Times change. 
Lichtenberg was the creator of Star Trek Welcommittee.
Lichtenberg is the creator of Kraith, a Star Trek original universe.
She credits herself with having inspired early Star Trek fanzines to publish fiction, although there were already dozens if not hundreds of Star Trek fanzines running fan fiction by the time the piece she describes appeared. Spockanalia had published fan fiction beginning with the Spencerian farce "Star Drek" by Ruth Berman in issue 1, September 1967.
Devra Langsam and some other New York fen who were captivated by Star Trek started a Star Trek fanzine called Spockanalia -- on mimeo, paper now totally disintegrated, ink faded, and I still have my copies. I had an article "Mr. Spock on Logic," in the 4th issue.
The idea caught on, and suddenly Spockanalia was publishing fiction.
SF 'zines usually didn't publish fiction except as send-ups, spoofs, farces and gotcha's.
But suddenly, dozens of Star Trek fanzines were publishing fiction and articles and letters of comments on the fan written fiction and articles. A whole new world of Star Trek was born.And Star Trek conventions where fanzines were sold, and story ideas concocted for more fanzines. 
Trek zines with fiction, poetry, or articles by Lichtenberg: Archives' Log | Babel | Back Trekkin' | The Best of... (Sarek and Amanda) | Energize! | The Enterprise Papers: Warp One | Eridani Triad | Federation Centennial | The Federation Chronicle | Grup | Impulse | Independent Entity | Interphase | Kraith Creator's Manual | LNSTFCCF Bulletin | Masiform D | NCC-1701 | Off the Beaten Trek | Overload | Pastaklan Vesla | Remote Control | Space-Time Continuum | Spockanalia | Star Trek: That Which Survives | Tetrumbriant | Tricorder Readings | The Voyages
Darkover and Marion Zimmer Bradley
Lichtenberg was a major Darkover fan, and a personal friend of Marion Zimmer Bradley. She was a relentless promotor of Bradley's work in zines, newsletters, and at cons. She mentions several times in her own zine Ambrov Zeor as well as Darkover Newsletter that she was working with Bradley on the pro book "Stormqueen!". Lichtenberg also co-wrote the pro book "Thendara House" though she is not credited. 
Darkover Newsletter has many comments and columns by Lichtenberg, and her Darkover fiction appears in Starstone as well as a story co-written with Jean Lorrah that appears in the DAW Darkover Anthology, "The Keeper's Price."
Lichtenberg writes about Bradley:
Marion Zimmer Bradley (creator of the Darkover Universe novels, and author of MISTS OF AVALON which was made into a TV Miniseries) wrote about Jacqueline Lichtenberg in the preface to "The Answer" by Jacqueline Lichtenberg and Jean Lorrah. Marion Zimmer Bradley writes:
"One thing an editor learns quickly is that cliches have a reason for existence. In putting this introduction together, I tried for a long time to avoid the statment, "No anthology of Darkover fiction would be complete without a story from Jacqueline Lichtenberg" and finally gave up because it's true, exactly the way the cliche has it; no such anthology would be complete without, et cetera. Second only to my editor, Don Wollheim, Jacqueline was the one single person instrumental in making me realize that Darkover had its own independent existence and that I should continue writing. Jacqueline and I differ on almost everything one can imagine, from the aesthetic value of mathematics (I'm con, she's pro) to the quality of the TV show Star Trek (and we won't go into that, thank you.) But, while with all these differences, one would imagine she would absolutely loathe the Darkover books, she likes them; in fact, she once paid me the compliment of saying that a copy of Star of Danger had "saved her sanity" when she was marooned overseas without access to American Science Fiction.I also think of Jacqueline, with pardonable pride, as a protegee; I read reams of her earlier amateur fiction (and ripped the hide off of her in long bleeding strips for the usual amateurish mistakes, having made them all myself, and worse.) Therefore I was delighted when her work began to assume professional and publishable quality; she has now [1980-jl] sold four novels in her own series, and has begun another, and I couldn't be prouder if I'd written them myself." 
As an Author
In 1974, Lichtenberg was one of two Star Trek fans nominated for a Hugo Award. The other nominations, and winner for Best Fan Writer - Susan Wood, Richard E. Geis, Laura Basta, Jacqueline Lichtenberg, and Sandra Miesel. The winner was Susan Wood.
Fandoms: Kraith and Sime~Gen
"All the work by Jacqueline Lichtenberg and Jean Lorrah revolves around themes of an "exchange of lifeforce." Both of them have written "traditional" vampire novels and stories (not in the Dracula vein), but their major work has been reinventing the vampire archetype in the Sime~Gen series." 
Intimate Adventure is a genre which was created and actively promoted by Jacqueline Lichtenberg.
Despite robust attempts to make the term into a widely-accepted one in fandom, only Lichtenberg and her associate, Jean Lorrah, appeared to use it.
See more at Intimate Adventure.
Guest of Honor Appearances at Conventions
- Space-Con (1977)
- Neo-Star: Cleveland Star Trek Convention (1979)
- WriterCon (2004)
- Shore Leave (1982)
- The Federation Chronicle Mail Interview: Jacqueline Lichtenberg (1972)
- Sehlat's Roar Interview with Jacqueline Lichtenberg (1976)
- A Sime~Gen Interview with Jacqueline Lichtenberg (1976)
- An Interview with Jacqueline Lichtenberg (1978)
- An Interview with Jacqueline Lichtenberg (1980)
- Chat with Jean Lorrah, Jacqueline Lichtenberg, and Anne Phyllis Pinzow (2000)
- News from the Crypt Interview with Jacqueline Lichtenberg (2007)
- VampChix : Guest: Jacqueline Lichtenberg, Archived version (2011)
- ... Jacqueline Lichtenberg on Jacqueline Lichtenberg, Marion Zimmer Bradley and Sime~Gen, Archived version and the second part of the interview: ... Jacqueline Lichtenberg ... ... on Sime~Gen, vampires in SF garment and German editions; archive link (both April 2012)
- Crazy Tuesday 09/10 by PWR Talk: Radio Interview, Archived version (2014)
- Women in Trek Fandom: Jacqueline Lichtenberg – Women at Warp, Archived version ; archive link (2019)
- Living Star Trek: How Two Women Breathed New Life into the Franchise (2020)
Views on Lichtenberg
A fan described Lichtenberg in 1978:
To any serious Trekker, the name of Jacqueline Lichtenberg needs no introduction. She has been a leader in the Star Trek Fan movement since its beginnings: organizer of the Star Trek Welcommittee, author of the controversial "Kraith" series of fan fiction, and co-author of the best-selling paperback, "Star Trek Lives."
Her interests are not confined to Star Trek alone. Destined, it seems, to be a leader wherever she goes, she's one of the shapers of the "Darkover" fandom (Marion Zimmer Bradley's SF series). She also has a fanzine of her own; the 'zine "Ambrov Zeor" is entirely devoted to her "Sime" series which, to date, consists of two published novels ("House of Zeor" and "Onto Zeor Forever") and numerous short stories. Her writing is richly detailed and convincing, with powerful emotional impact.
In person, Jacqueline Lichtenberg is every bit as dynamic and impressive as her writing. slender, almost frail in appearance (it's easy to see where she got the model for her wiry, agile Simes), she's a powerhouse of energy, efficiently accomplishing more in an hour than most people can in a week. She is also an effective speaker. Her voice is soft, but intense and she speaks with impassioned rhetoric or quiet humour with equal facility. Often, like the good writer she is, she will pause as she speaks, searching for exactly the right word to express her thoughts.
Interviewing Jacgueline Lichtenberg was a memorable experience, and one I shall treasure. Her success is an inspiration to fan writers and her generosity in giving her time and talent to fandom would seem to know no bounds.Thank you, Jacqueline. 
Perceived EgoJean Lorrah (Lichtenberg's friend and professional and fannish collaborator) wrote of Lichtenberg in Ambrov Zeor #8 in response to a fan's comments about characters in the Sime~Gen universe:
In 1974, Cara Sherman wrote an extensive essay about Kraith and said:Are Farrises self-centered? Yes, exactly the way Jacqueline Lichtenberg is self-centered. If a neo stumbles across Jacqueline when she is saying she can do the new Trek movie better than Gene Roddenberry, and then encounters her discussing how she plans to change the course of science fiction, then runs into her assertions about copyright and trade marks, and finally sees Jacqueline directing her personal gofers, that neo would undoubtedly decide that Jacqueline is the most self-centered person in the world. Yet Jacqueline is the same person who delayed publication of UNTO [her own book, Unto Zeor Forever] to sell Joan Winston's book to Doubleday; who founded the Star Trek Welcommittee; who gave Kraith to fan writers as a kind of giant writing laboratory; who sold my idea for FIRST CHANNEL to her editor. Self-centered? No, she is the embodiment of Chaucer's clerk, the ideal teacher: "Gladly wolde he lerne and gladly teche."...The reason Jacqueline seems so alien to so many people is that she is a non-junct in a junct world.
In the mid-2000s, Lichtenberg herself wrote:
Before getting into a critique of the material itself, I'd like to discuss the author a little. I have never met her or seen her, but I've written to people who have and their feelings are sharply divergent. Personalities have nothing provable to do with writing — I'm talking about her Author's Preface, in which she comments on Strekfen who dislike Kraith, particularly Kraith's characterization of Spock, offering the pages of the preface as a forum, where those who dislike KRAITH can formulate their views. After examining my own feelings about the matter, I find it isn't Kraith I dislike at all, it's Jacqueline Lichtenberg's attitude. You get the distinct impression from things, like her calling Kraith Critics "Johnny One-notes of fandom," that her theories and ideas are the Word Made Flesh and that Kraith is the only and best explanation for all the of Vulcan. She sure as hell has gotten into aspects of Vulcan society and culture that apparently most authors on the subject don't touch, and given time we'll have a veritable Vulcan Margaret Mead... She writes with incisive perceptions and really scientific authority on Vulcan philosophy, mating habits, mores and psychology. It's only natural that, having seen nothing comparable in the criticisms of those who write and complain, she might feel put upon and react with prejudice.
But if she wants an explanation as to why Kraith is alienating, have someone read her her Author's Prefacd and a few key phrases from her stories, and if she's as openminded as I suspect she is under all the defense-mechanisms (one person I'm writing to told me that arguing Kraith with Jacqueline Lichtenberg is a one-way thing — "you just can't win" — sort of like arguing the Bible with a Fundamentalist — arguing in a closed set ultimately proves only which participant has the better memory), she'll see it herself.Perhaps not. Kraith is a cherished thing, a beautiful thing, in places nearly a magical outline of what Vulcan society is and what our society could be if we were to apply Kraith — Vulcan principles to living our own lives. Well, if and when you see the collection, read the foreword. 
On Slash Fanworks
Some fans felt that Lichtenberg had a complicated relationship with slash fanworks and portrayals of homosexuality.A fan in 1993 wrote bluntly:
Another fan wrote:JL "says" she's not anti slash, and that we just don't understand the underlying imperatives of her universe....but she's full of it. 
Tell me more [about any of her new novels]? (in serious Jacqueline Lichtenberg withdrawal (even if she *is* a jerk about slash stuff) 
Regarding Concrit: "The Negative Value of Positive Input"
In 1993, Lichtenberg addressed fans in Information for Would-be S/G Writers about writing fanfic. It displays her views on concrit for fan writers, the "payment" for zines, thin and thick skins, egos, "real writers," and her views on the purposes of amateur fiction.
The Negative Value of Positive Input.
To a serious writer, even one who hasn't sold yet and may choose to never attempt to sell, positive input has no value whatsoever and is a waste of time to read. It's the seemingly insightful fingering of the flaws that the real writer is starving for. And that's what I (and all the editors and agents I know, as well as most of the writers I know) dish out.
Therefore, a lot of my criticism is couched in acid-tipped language. If there's nothing complimentary to say, I use scathing rebukes and searing putdowns to make my points.
I have a reason for this and it's not cold, uncaring cruelty. It's the cauldron in which professionals are tempered. It is how I was taught, and the very pain is really the only teacher. No pain, no gain. It's true. Writing is about pain, human pain, emotional and physical pain, because without the pain there can be no pleasure. No one who is afraid to hear the truth about their product will ever make a good writer.
AZ and the other zines do not "nurture" any writers. Writers are not made by nurturing. They are made by truth, craftsmanship and discipline. They are made by honesty, not by "positive input." Anyone who can be discouraged from this craft should be discouraged. Writing is something you do because you can't not do it. It's not something to do for glory. Tender egos should not be nurtured because if they do get so full of "positive input" that they think they can write, they'll be doubly devastated by the first truth that comes from a professional editor. Positive input only makes that moment of truth unutterably destructive.
After you've gone a few rounds with me, and you begin to see a positive comment on your mss, however small, fleeting or irrelevant, you know it's the truth and not any kind of salve for your ego. You know you did it!
When I was writing Kraith, twenty years ago, I had letters in every zine that carried my stories begging and begging for negative input—I had tons of letters of positive input that did me no good whatsoever. The oniy letters of any value were those pointing out where my stories failed, not where they succeeded. Stories succeed for different reasons, but they fail for the same reasons: plot, conflict, thematic disunity, etcetera.
I have no trouble getting along with people who are wholly and totally incompatible with me, and I welcome with open arms S/G stories that are incompatible with my own biases and themes. I've worked with many ST and S/G writers who are now better than I will ever be, many of whom will never, ever submit anything for professional sale. I have no problem with that.
But I am a professional and the S/G zines are amateur publications. The only way we can pay contributors for their work is with access to professional level criticism, plus publication in a zine that has become known for its rigorously high standards. AZ is an expensive addiction for our readers and so we try to deliver a product that meets their highest expectations. Many of the stories we've published actually exceed the minimum standards necessary for professional publication—and that's why we are now beginning to see so many of us breaking into professional print. And I expect more to come.
I often circulate mss submitted to me among several other S/G writers for their comments, so don't be surprised if your ms returns to you via people you don't yet know.
No beginning writer can learn anything of substance from a non-writer. Most other beginning writers have little input of value. But the more criticism a beginner has taken, the better their output comments on other mss. I have beginners comment on other beginners for their own benefit—to make them articulate the lessons I've been harping on— not for the benefit of the one receiving the commentary. I tag mss to be circulated to particular writers for reasons having to do with the particular writing lessons each of the pair is wrestling with, I tag mss for exchange because of their subject matter, theme, or technical flaws. I wouldn't waste a serious student's time on irrelevant nonsense that isn't pertinent to what they are currently learning. I match up people who have something valuable to exchange.So if you're willing to participate in this admittedly difficult and challenging experience, we're willing to have a go at your ms. Maybe, just maybe, you'll live to see your own words in print!
This attitude echoes and was in part shaped by Lichtenberg's apprenticeship with Marion Zimmer Bradley, but it's not unique to them. See also Marion Zimmer Bradley as a Mentor to Other Fan Writers, Dianne Sylvan's Vampires Saved My Soul...after Marion Zimmer Bradley tried to kill it, and Lichtenberg's Marion Zimmer Bradley's Influence on the Sime~Gen Universe.
Regarding Male and Female ProtagonistsIn 1979, Lichtenberg responded to a fan who had expressed a need to read fantasy and science fiction works with women protagonists, that most of the Zeor books had primarily male leads, and the few women tended to be damsels in distress: "But what I am most tired of is reading books by women writers about men. I want to read books with female protagonists."
I grew up on SF with all-male characters end learned to identify with males for lack of any good female leads. I guess times are changing. But as yet, I find it unnecessary to write about females. 
This same fan also expressed revulsion toward settings such as Darkover where "men are on top" and where men talk about having the right to sleep with women. Lichtenberg's response: "Good heavens, it's not that different from here-and-now," but added that she'd addressed this in the story "Channel's Exemption".
Regarding Fans and Their Money's Worth
There was a lengthy exchange between Lichtenberg and Octavia Butler in May 1979. The topic was concrit, the use of created curse words, the use of overly cute characters, and more. See A Companion in Zeor#4 for more.An excerpt by Lichtenberg:
The key to all this is that in order to get the MOST out of what I write, you must be an aware-reader—that is, a fully conversant Sime/Gen afficianado. You can get the impression you've read a good book without knowing all those things, or caring—but it is just an illusion. The real impact comes through only when you really know the stuff cold. This is deliberate—it is the way I justify the PRICE people have to pay for books these days. I write to be re-read—many times. My overall attitude toward writing is all too noncommercial, I know—but it is my attitude, and I'd be lying to you if I pretended it wasn't. I write for my fans. Others are welcome to eavesdrop if they like, but they'll understand only what an eavesdropper can expect to understand. The substance will go right by. 
undated photo of Jacqueline Lichtenberg and Gene Roddenberry taken at an unknown Star Trek convention
Lichtenberg and Hal Clement at an unknown Star Trek convention
Jacqueline Lichtenberg holding the Kraith made by a fan and giving the Vulcan Salute
- untitled portrait; Wayback, untitled portrait; Wayback (undated photos -- possibly 2003, from simegen.com, Awards Page)
- Sime~Gen Historical Images: Do You Remember When?; Wayback
- Jacqueline with fans; Wayback
- Jacqueline at a con; Wayback
- Jacqueline and a Zeor Bear; Wayback
- 1977 Kraith Affirmation Ceremony; Wayback
- Jacqueline at a con; Wayback
- Jean Lorrah and Jacqueline, in costume, at a con; Wayback
- Jacqueline and a fan at a dealer's table; Wayback
- Jacqueline and fan working on a project; Wayback
- panel members at ST Philadelphia 1977?; Wayback
- Kraith Affirmation, late 1980s?; [ Wayback
- with a Digen Farris Meritorious Service Memorial Award, and two fans; Wayback
- Jacqueline at a con, perhaps 1987; Wayback
- Jacqueline at a con with fans, perhaps 1987; Wayback
- Jacqueline at a con with fans, perhaps 1987; Wayback
- Open Letter from Jacqueline Lichtenberg to Ted White (1970)
- "How Did I Get Myself Into This?" BEING THE TRUE STORIES OF HOW SEVERAL MEMBERS OF THE HOUSEHOLDING MET JL... (1978)
- Alien Romances Lichtenberg's blog, not updated since 2010. "A by-invitation group blog for busy authors of SFR, Futuristic, or Paranormal romances in which at least one protagonist is an alien, or of alien ancestry."
- The All Important Opening Image (Plus Writing Excercise!) by Jacqueline Lichtenberg – Rochelle Campbell, Archived version
- Jacqueline Lichtenberg's Official Website, Archived version
- Lichtenberg at the first Darkover Grand Council Meeting in 1978: Pictures from Darkovercon 1978, Archived version. Click on the second photo.
- from Darkover Newsletter #8 (November 1977)
- from Living Star Trek: How Two Women Breathed New Life into the Franchise
- Fear and Courage: Fourteen Writers Explore Sime~Gen (2015)
- True. Prior to Star Trek, science fiction fanzines were mostly run by fans who themselves wished to become professional writers and have their work published in science fiction magazines, including John W. Campbell's prestigious Analog. They weren't about to run serious work for free in their own self-publications.
- Jacqueline Lichtenberg, "The Hurt Locker, Indie Films, Financing TV - Part I." Alien Romances blog, Tuesday, May 11, 2010. Lichtenberg may have her dates confused. Like many articles in Spockanalia, "Mr. Spock on Logic" was a "nonfiction" piece or article, supposedly written by Spock, not fan fiction in the sense of a narrative. It appeared in issue 4, April 1969, alongside Lelamarie Kreidler's Relationship story "Time Enough", Sherna Burley's script "Pierce", and Devra Langsam's romantic comedy "Family Affair."
- Bradley's comments in Holes in My Yard, 1992
- About Jacqueline Lichtenberg, excerpt
- from A Companion in Zeor #2, November 1978, from Lichtenberg's con report for Balticon, called "one weekend, with orchid.
- Lifeforce-L newlstter info
- from the introduction to An Interview with Jacqueline Lichtenberg (1978)
- from Amy Harlib in Ambrov Zeor #7
- Kraith Review (Whap! Crunch! Ow!)
- Marion Zimmer Bradley's Influence on the Sime~Gen Universe
- Sandy Hereld, Virgule-L, quoted with permission (May 17, 1993)
- comment on Virgule-L, quoted anonymously (May 17, 1993)
- from a letter exchange in A Companion in Zeor #4
- from a letter exchange in A Companion in Zeor #4