|Trope · Genre|
|Related:||crossover, fic trailer, story vid|
|Tropes · Slash Tropes · Tropes by Fandom|
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The most well-known constructed reality vid is probably Closer by TJonesy and Killa. It is an AU of the Star Trek: TOS episode Amok Time. In canon, the crew manages to get Spock to Vulcan before his pon farr takes control; however, Closer shows what might have happened if they had not. Although first shown in 2004, it went viral after being posted on YouTube in 2006.
Outside fannish vidding circles, the 2009 narrative video Buffy vs. Edward: Twilight Remixed -- in which Buffy the Vampire Slayer tells off Twilight's Edward Cullen for his stalkerish behavior and deals with it -- gained enormous notice.
Digital video editing programs have introduced several new techniques for creating constructed reality vids; however, this genre started long before computer vidding. Some early constructed reality vids included Score, which showed Starsky & Hutch competing against Bodie and Doyle at bowling. Another early vid was made with clips from many different shows that all had episodes set at the same fancy Los Angeles hotel (the Bonaventura), pulling them together into a heist and chase vid. There was also a vid to Centerfield by California Crew, which showed a baseball game with characters from Remington Steele and other fandoms playing against each other.
Slashers made constructed reality vids, too. In the Sentinel vid Same Thing In Reverse by the Media Cannibals, we see Jim and Blair work their way from internalized homophobia all the way to coming out publicly as gay.
But computer vidding, of course, opened up whole new possibilities. The first computer vid, In the Air Tonight by T'Rhys, showed characters and ships from Blake's 7 and Star Trek interacting. In the vid, Avon shoots and kills Spock; Kirk, driven mad by loss and pain, initiates the self-destruct sequence on the Enterprise and kills them all.
It could be argued that Brokeback Mountain parody trailers are an example of the constructed reality genre, one that went viral sometime after the release of Brokeback Mountain in 2005.
In Satellite, SDWolfpup tells the story of Ray Vecchio's unrequited romantic feelings for Fraser. In order to tell this story, she presents a particular reading of certain glances and gestures, and emphasizes her interpretation by ordering and matching the clips to particular lyrics. But she has not altered the source footage, or interpolated footage from other sources, to show characters doing things that they actually didn't do. The vid presents a particular interpretation of events that actually happened in canon, but it does not depict events that didn't actually happen. Therefore, most viewers would not consider Satellite to be a constructed reality vid.
In contrast, in SDWolfpup's Ray/Ray vid That's All, she uses many techniques in order to create interactions and events that did not actually happen in canon. First, she takes footage of RayV and RayK from scenes that the characters were not actually in together-- from different episodes and even different seasons-- and juxtaposes individual shots in order to create brand new Ray/Ray scenes. Second, the vid includes several clips that SDWolfpup actually created; by digitally merging two separate clips, she can create clips where the two Rays physically interact and even kiss. Third, a shot of two characters' hands was taken from the show Dante's Cove, and within the context of That's All, it becomes RayK and RayV clasping hands. All these techniques are used to create interactions and events in the vid that did not actually happen in canon. In her vid post, SDWolfpup says:
The only clips that are meant to be taken contextually are those from "Call of the Wild." Everything else has been taken out of context, and what I hope I was able to do was take the emotion of the story of Ray/Ray and vid the fanon as I see it. 
In other words, the vid tells a story that goes beyond, or is completely separate from, what actually happened in canon. This is what defines a constructed reality vid.
Some vids straddle the line. The Professionals vids Heartbreaker, by Deejay, and Alone, by Mary Van Deusen, both show a poor pitiful Bodie brutalized by his cruel womanizing partner Doyle; Heartbreaker plays it for laughs, Alone tells the same story straight. They include no digital tricks (they're both VCR vids)-- and the story they tell is not that different from other slash vids-- but the way the story is told, and the relationship that is drawn, is just over the top enough that they're usually considered constructed reality as well.
A thin line separates constructed reality vids and fic trailers.
Some fans consider constructed reality vids to be difficult to create. A fan in 1994 wrote:
'Constructed reality' isn't widely used in vids because it's very Very VERY hard to maintain over the length of the average song (about 4 minutes) because most of our 'original footage' was shot with an entirely different emphasis in mind. That means you're stuck using bits and pieces (sometimes very small bits, on the order of a couple of frames) from many different episodes rather than long sequences from one or two masters, like the pro editors do. Rather than constructed reality, most vidders just try to find scenes that fit the lyrics (or most of the lyrics) of their song, montage style. 
Constructed reality vids can be created in many different ways, generally by using one or more of the following techniques.
Taking Clips out of Context
Most simply, by taking clips out of context and presenting them in a different context, as in the Highlander vid Opportunities (Let's Make Lots Of Money) by Killa and Carol S.. Opportunities is an AU vid showing Duncan, Methos and Amanda as a team of cat burglars.
Vidders can also cue the audience with a title card that describes or hints at the premise of the constructed reality vid. For instance, Closer begins with a title card that reads "What if they hadn't made it to Vulcan in time?" Similarly, there is an intro at the beginning of Opportunities which states:
- MEANWHILE... In an Alternate Universe...
- ...not so different from our own...
- Our Heroes turn to a life of crime...
The SGA/Doctor Who crossover vid The Lost Button by Chayiana goes one step further and uses title cards throughout the vid to let the viewer know what happens or what the characters are saying to each other.
One good way to present a different context is to use a song with a strong narrative, clear lyrics and/or well-defined characters. Any song with an obvious story diverging from the source text's story can be used, but country songs lend themselves especially well to this technique. Some examples include "Fancy," a Lord King Bad Vid by Barkley that casts Daniel Jackson as the eponymous Fancy; the Dixie Chicks' "Goodbye Earl" (used in "Country Cavalcade" by Sisabet and Dawn); and The White Stripes's Jolene, used in Zoe Rayne's SGA vid of the same name. Madonna's "Papa Don't Preach", used in Eunice and Greensilver's Torchwood/Doctor Who vid where Jack Harkness gets knocked up by The Master, is a non-country example.
Reaction Shots from Different Scenes
By combining separate clips (either audio or video) from the same source to make it look or sound as if two characters are interacting, or reacting to certain events, when in canon they were not. For instance, Talitha78's Smallville vid Faster Kill Pussycat includes many sexy, lingering shots of Lana, which in canon were usually followed by lustful reaction shots from Clark; however, Talitha78 removes Clark and inserts lustful reaction shots from Chloe instead, creating an extremely effective femslash vid. 
Clips from Different Fannish Sources
By combining clips from different sources in order to create a constructed reality crossover vid. One popular type of crossover vid is pairing up characters from different sources, like for example Dean/Chloe (Supernatural/Smallville). Crossovers can also be complex story vids like for example Stargate: Camelot where SG-1 travels back in time to find Merlin's secret weapon.
Clips of the Same Actor from Different Sources
By inserting clips of an actor from a different show/movie, in order to show the character doing something that they never actually did in canon. (For instance, a Smallville vid could show Lex in drag, by inserting clips from one of the films where Michael Rosenbaum wears women's clothing.)
Clips from Non-fandom Sources
By using clips from outside source. For instance, many constructed reality vids will pull a from a completely different source text, in order to make it appear that two characters are having sex. Outside source footage is used in this manner in Climbing Up The Walls by obsessive24.
Merging Clips with Computer Animation Techniques
By actually using computer animation techniques to merge two clips, so that different characters appear to be in a scene together when they weren't. (Several clips in That's All use this technique, and it is nearly the entire basis for Too Good to Be True by SGA vidder blithesea.) In recent years, many vidders have used digital video editing to construct kissing scenes between characters who never actually kissed in canon, especially in Supernatural and Merlin fandom.  One of the first vids to be shown at a convention using this technique was a 2007 Entourage vid, Pon de Replay by astolat.
VCR Vidding Era
Early Computer Vidding
From VCR to Computer Vidding
- Passion by astolat, which is a vid made of the AU Highlander story The Seduction of the Desert Prince by the Krell (Killashandra, Rachael Sabotini, elynross). (Circa 2002, according to DP_Announce list.)
- Opportunities (Let's Make Lots Of Money), Highlander, by Killa and Carol S. (first collected in Blood, Vid, Sex, Magik by the WOAD society (Date looks like 2002 on liner notes for the collection, but vid remaster might give better year for original vid)
Modern Computer Vidding
- Tainted Donuts by Manic Expressions, a Cowboy Bebop/Trigun crossover AMV, where three bounty hunters from Cowboy Bebop chase a criminal from Trigun (and interact with a lot of other people from Trigun while they're at it.) The editing and clip manipulation is seamless; if you don't know they're different shows, it all looks canonical. (July 2001)
- Closer by TJonesy and Killa. Star Trek (First shown at Shore Leave, July 2004)
- All is Full of Love by Becky, a constructed reality Chloe/Bruce romance using footage from the Michael Keaton Batman and Smallville. (May 2005)
- The Writer by Suz Voy, a Stargate Atlantis vid where John is a writer, dreaming of Rodney as an actor/character. Extensive use of footage from the two actors' prior roles. (December 2005)
- If We Shadows Have Offended..., by MysticTwilight, a House, M.D./Dead Poets Society fusion vid in which Neil from Dead Poets Society follows his father's wishes and becomes a doctor, i.e. Wilson from House who is played by the same actor. (July 2006)
- Faster Kill Pussycat, by Talitha78, Smallville (April 2007)
- The Heist, by Starrylizard, Supernatural (May 2007)
- Too Good To Be True, by blithesea, SGA (May 2007)
- That's All, by SDWolfpup, Due South (July 2007)
- Written by the Victors, vid made by Zulu for Written by the Victors by Speranza, SGA. (September 2007)
- Impulse by Antigonesgift, Supernatural (March 2008)
- Scandalous, by absrip. Crossover between Supernatural and The X-Files where Dean and Krycek meet in a bar and have a one-night stand. Uses clips from Once A Thief for some of the Krycek scenes (the actor appeared on both shows), outside sources for the sex scenes, computer animation techniques, and combines separate clips to make it look as if the two characters are interacting. (March 2008)
- Papa Don't Preach, a touching mpreg Torchwood story, where Jack is carrying the Master's baby. Ianto wants to step up and marry Jack, despite what has happened, so Jack seeks the Doctor's advice. (March 2008)
- Climbing Up The Walls, by obsessive24. incest-focused Firefly/Supernatural/Heroes (premiered at Vividcon 2008, August 2008)
- Buffy vs. Edward: Twilight Remixed by rebelliouspixels. Although claiming not to be a "vid," constructed reality narrative in which Buffy the Vampire Slayer critiques -- quite severely -- the stalkerish behavior of Twilight's Edward Cullen. (June 2009)
- Hurricane by Laura Shapiro, a constructed reality femslash vid featuring Kara Thrace/Aeryn Sun from BSG 2003 and Farscape encountering each other. (Premiered at Escapade 2010, February 2010)
- Discussion begun by mmapmaker, Constructed Reality Vids Posted June 18, 2006. Accessed November 24, 2008.
- As of April 2011, the YouTube version of Closer had been viewed more than 1.5 million times.
- Buffy vs. Edward: Twilight Remixed overview post (Accessed 7 April 2011) Widely covered by mainstream media, and as of April 2011, the primary YouTube version had been viewed around 2.5 million times, in addition to views on blip.tv and via downloads.
- In 2001 Sandy Herrold listed some of the VCR constructed reality fanvids on the Vidder mailing list. Her comments are reposted here with permission: "Hmm, I'm trying to think of good mm constructed reality (CR) vids.... Score, which shows Bodie and Doyle competing at bowling with Starsky and Hutch... Two of my fav CRs are by MVD: an old one to Gus (from Cats) for Doyle, where he's looking back on his time on the stage, and a much newer Pros to Alone, where Bodie's trying to get up the nerve to tell Doyle his feelings, and when he does, Doyle punches him and leaves him (sob!). Oh yeah, and DeeJay's one where an older wiser Bodie is narrating."
- SDWolfpup, New DS video: "That's All" (Vecchio/Kowalski) Posted July 25, 2007. Accessed November 23, 2008
- comment on Virgule-L, quoted anonymously, September 25, 1994
- Talitha78, New Smallville Vid: Faster Kill Pussycat (Chloe/Lana) Accessed 11 November 08.
- Many, many different Youtube videos can be found on a search for Dean/Chloe. See Vids labeled Dean/Chloe on Youtube. Accessed 11 November 08.
- Astolat, Appreciation. 4 March 2007. (Accessed 19 December 2010). Livejournal post discussing Sam/Dean kiss in Crash by michaela]. Note: The vid under discussion has since been taken down by its creator.