|Pairing:||Han Solo/Luke Skywalker|
|Alternative name(s):||skysolo (2015), Solo/Skywalker (1980s)|
|Gender category:||Slash, M/M|
|Click here for related articles on Fanlore.|
Han/Luke is a slash pairing between Luke Skywalker and Han Solo in the Star Wars fandom. It is an older term; after the The Force Awakens premiered, the pairing was more often referred to as "Skysolo," something that reflected fandom's gravitation towards portmanteaus.
In the 1980s, the phrase "Han/Luke" did not always refer to the slash pairing - instead it was most often used to discuss the fandom wars between those fans who preferred Han Solo to Luke Skywalker (or vice versa).
History of Han/Luke Fandom
Han/Luke fandom's roots may stretch back to the early days of Star Wars. However, in the 1970s and 1980s, all m/m fan fiction, even non-explicit, was considered adult and fell under Lucasfilm's prohibition against adult content. Because of this, the majority of Han/Luke fanfiction was not published until the 1990s. This did not mean that no Han/Luke was written in the early 1980s, but it did mean that majority of the fanfic was circulated privately, often without any names.Some fans immediately saw the potential for Han/Luke slash fanfiction - along with other pairing combinations:
[The] "Evolution of a Fan" [article] was very reminiscent of my own experience in discovering fandom. For me, it occurred miraculously in 1974 with TREK and in 1978 with STAR WARS — and in between with the DARKOVER fandom. Hooked on all three and their fanzines, it was so much fun to go to the conventions and discover your own interests' could be shared. I'll never forget the time I went to see STAR WARS a year later after it was first released. I had seen it four times in 1977 but quickly forgot about it until [M.M.] Motion brought to my, attention one roguish smuggler, Han Solo. Instantly, I saw the potential for a threesome between Han/Luke/Leia. I had grown used to all combinations, from Kirk and Spock to Hans Dietrich's beautiful aliens with humans. Why not? Beauty is in the eyes of the beholder! [M.], a year later, 'saw the light', too. (She became a threesome plus Han/Luke fan as well).
A few fans did try to publish Han/Luke fan fiction. However, even the possibility of publishing Han/Luke fan fiction was met with swift resistance and boycott threats. Some fans pointed to the schism that Star Trek fandom went through when they grappled with slash fan fiction a decade earlier as a reason to avoid shipping Han and Luke.
"Some while back, I received a letter from a Star Wars fanzine editor who told me I was irresponsible (as a spoiled child etc.) in choosing to publish Han/Luke sexual material because it would bastardize the Star Wars characters ..... The controversy began when I, editor of Organia, wrote to one artist, one editor and a few other people about a possible Han/Luke story. They responded with "The Word." They said it was being spread throughout fandom that Lucas did not want Han/Luke stories. They said he objected to homosexuality. They said he objected to very explicit sexual material. They said, they said, they said. But where, oh where, was the written word? Where was "The Word" coming from? Who was responsible for sending "The Word"? Fear was generated and much confusion .....
.... I fail to understand this attitude of deference in reference to Mr Lucas and his corporation.... By [Lucasfilm's] attitude of interference it is clearly understood that there is a point of pleasure in which they have decided you [the fan] must not reach. They are clearly asking you to like what they want you to like and be thankful. And most importantly, to be grateful to have the privilege to be in attendance at their movies. Lucasfilm has no rights whatsoever with interfering fandom. It is not his property, it is ours.....
And just what is a fanzine? It is an amateur, non-profit writing magazine. A simple procedure can be can be described as 1.. You write down your idea, fantasy, 2. You have copies made, 3. You share them with others who are interested in the same idea, fantasy, 4. Lo and behold, art is added! It is free press, it is individuality, it is freedom of expression. We dreamed, we invented and we imagined - then wrote it all down or drew it. And all this belongs to us fans, not to Lucas,. Am I not allowed my own particular fantasies and ideas? Are they to be controlled? And just who is the final judge of my conscience? By my standards of morality to be judged right or wrong? ....I cannot be party to the idea of adult material being done on an underground level. Why? Because it is totally absurd. Fandom is underground, folks it is a subculture in itself, a small percentage of the fans in the huge crowd at the theaters.
ORGANIA will print any such material that we the editors choose. And we, the editors, will choose stories oriented to whatever form we desire. Some of our material deals strictly with friendship, aspirations, and hopes. Some expresses a society's view on morality and concepts different from original creations on the screen. Other stories contain explicit sex. ORGANIA is a mixture of universes and ideas because we choose it that way. We will ban, censor, no one else's concept or interpretations because we believe strongly in the merits of good writing skills, freedom in expression and the beauty of differences.
This, of course, scares Papa Lucas. Fandom scares Lucasfilm. They want and need control and if fandom plays into their hands, they will have control by consent. It is up to each and every fan to choose and choose now.....In the past, when the exact same war about sexual material was waged in Star Trek fandom, the Star Trek philosophy won out. It is a positive, accepting one, IDIC - infinite diversity in infinite combinations. ST also has another popular expression: a difference that makes no difference is no difference at all."
In spite of this letter, the editors of Organia did not publish any Han/Luke fanfiction, although they did include slash fiction in their fanzine. Whether it was a result of lack of submissions, threats from other writers to pull their stories if Han/Luke fiction was included in the zine, or a pragmatic editorial decision, the fact remains that Han/Luke fan fiction remained unpublished for the next 10 years.
Some 20 years later, one fan wrote, looking back, that it was her belief the objections to Han/Luke stories was not so much homophobia as they were based on a strict canonical interpretation of the characters of Han and Luke and their relationship. While, a large part of the negative reaction did come from within fandom itself, operating out of fear and self-censorship, the fact that there were so few slash stories published speaks otherwise.:
"Some fans tried to walk a middle, pragmatic line by bringing up the growing national problem of special interest groups that pressured libraries and schools to ban books thought to be pornographic, observing that such attitudes could be applied to LF through fandom. Most people on both sides of the question seemed to dismiss that threat, and maintained that LF had nothing to fear from fannish activities.
Perhaps the argument would have simmered down if the example of ST's homoerotic stories hadn't come up. LoCs with the loudest cries of "I'll write if I want to!" were from people who also supported the possibility of homoerotic SW stories, specifically Han/Luke stories, which brought into public discussion a subject that had previously traveled through fandom underground. Fans knew that H/L existed, but it was not talked about much in the letterzines, and the stories did not appear in publicly published zines.
Why? I remember people as being acutely afraid of LF's ability to shut down fanzines. Unlike Paramount, LF was acutely familiar with what went on in fandom from the very start. And, the argument went, if LF didn't want heterosexual sex in fanlit, how would LF react to H/L?"
Because of this fear, I know that several popular fan writers and artists told editors that they would not submit their material to a zine that published H/L material. Perhaps because at least two of the protesting writers were themselves gay, their belief that they were defending fandom against possible destruction was not publicly challenged. .....
In general, though, the public argument over H/L did not devolve into long exchanges over nasty homophobic claims as had happened in Trek fandom. The subject seemed to turn more strongly on attitudes toward the Luke and Han [relationship than on attitudes toward homosexuality. In general, the public argument heard the most was that Han and Luke were more brothers than anything else and that to pair them sexually was to violate a very specific relationship developed in the SW movies.I can attest that stories with both implied and openly same-sex relationships between secondary characters, or between Imperials, did indeed get published. As for LF, my ThousandWorlds stories, which were read by Gary Kurtz (at least the early ones, according to a conversation I had with him in England) and which contained secondary characters from planets where same-sex couples were among the norm, were never subject to cease-and-desist letters."
The private circulation of Han/Luke fiction continued, although both the authors and origins and the exact quantities and breadth of circulation remained a closely held secret that persists to this day. One such story eventually found its way into print some 15 years later. "Evidence" written by Karen Osman had been written around 1982 in response - as she put it - to George Lucas deciding that Han/Luke slash fiction should be banned. The story was published in 1998 in Elusive Lover #3 and the editor of the zine wrote:
"I am especially proud to publish a story that hibernated for almost 15 years and now finally sees the light of day. And what better way to open a zine? (Come on there must be more of you who gave Han and Luke a spin after you you'd seen the movies. Pull those stories out of your bottom drawer and send them here."
This led another fan to ask eagerly:"... Why is there so little "slash" fanfic in SW? I know at least some has been written--I've seen it! Some of it is very imaginative and well-done, too. But compared to other fandoms (and not just ST), it seems to be a sub-genre without a home! Certainly, no one has come out with a zine devoted to it (at least, not that I'm aware of; if there is such a zine, I'd love to see it!). Is the influence of the infamous Lucasfilm brouhaha still so widespread? It certainly suppressed "straight" sexually-explicit SW fanfic; only now are we beginning to see that come out of the closet ("'groan! '" bad pun!). I'm not saying I want to see SW fandom go through the kind of schism and upheaval that K/S wrought on ST fandom; but I'm curious why SW slash, even though it's being written--and written by some extremely good writers--isn't finding a publisher. Are we still looking over our shoulder for The Men From Lucasfilm? Or do we think no one out there will buy and read it...heh - heh- heh- you know they they'll buy and read it!"
In response [M U] wrote:"You have seen "slash" fiction. Where? Where!? I have seen only one story, and, for that general type, it was generally well done. Some rather obvious holes in the story, but not as ridiculous as most of the type. Being a Fan Zine Fan who practically absorbs stories through my skin, I would like to see some of this material others have "seen" or "heard" about."
"In a slightly convoluted segue from that topic: Ming Wathne asked about SW slash fiction--specifically, where it could be obtained! Unfortunately--or not--I don't know of any source of SW slash zines; everything I've read--and certainly everything I've written! --has been distributed in an under-the-table fashion. There is a sizeable volume of work available, if you know someone who knows someone who knows someone... The axe of Lucasfilm still hangs heavily over our heads, I guess; or perhaps it's fear of the disapproval of our fellow fans? I've written slash in several fandoms, and enjoy reading it in most any fandom. I'm not even going to qualify that to "good" or "well-written" slash, like most people do; I like an occasional wallow in even "bad" slash! In most of the genre I'm interested in, it's the very concept of a slash relationship that intrigues me; even a poorly written story can add something to the dimensions of that concept. Besides--there's not enough good slash writing to keep up with the demand for it!"
By 1991, some fans began worrying about the overall decline in Star Wars fan fiction as interest in the franchise waned. One fan drew a parallel between Star Trek and Star Wars and wondered if SW slash fiction might help reverse the decline:
"Years ago I before there were ST movies ST fanfiction had become pretty "rutty", too. Then along came K/S. No matter now you feel about homoerotic literature, I think you have to give K/S two things: One, it blasted ST fan fiction out of the ruts [some would say that now, years later, it's created its own ruts!] ; and two, it kept ST fandom alive and kicking --and fighting--until the ST movies came along and revitalized the whole fanfandomdan. Now I'm not suggesting that SW fandom needs slash fiction to save it; although I'll admit I've always been puzzled by the lack of good SW slash fiction. I'm just suggesting that SW fanfiction can be saved--if the people responsible for producing it are sufficiently motivated. In the case of ~ fanfiction, my personal feeling is that the "revitalizing agent" won't be slash; I think it might be original created characters."
By the early 1990s, a few brave fans decided to test the waters and began publishing Han/Luke slash fiction. In 1991, Ming Wathne published three Han/Luke works in Bright Center of the Universe #1 that she labeled "non-explicit". Two were poems and one was a story called Stopover, all written by Felicity Granger. Another fanzine published "The Promise," a Han/Luke story by Theresa Kyle which appeared in 1993 in Dyad #12. The story features a scene where Luke is lying underneath a vehicle, trying to fix it. Han crawls next to him and rather shamelessly tries to seduce him, while Luke struggles with his conflicting reactions to Han.
By 1992, several Star Wars zines advertising for submissions in the Southern Enclave began adding slash statements: "No slash accepted" and "Positively no slash will be accepted." Even if little slash fiction was being published, some editors felt the need to explicitly start excluding it.They were not alone: Star Wars fans continued to reject slash fan fiction, with one fan admonishing another in 1993:
Another wrote:"....slash is a no-no in this fandom!"
Another complained that there was too much slash in other fandoms:"I'm not a big fan of slash. In fact, I don't even understand its appeal. I think some people might even be scared off by slash. They may be interested in fanfic, but they sure don't want to read about their favorite heroes doing the nasty with someone of the same sex."
In 1993, Z.P. Florian wrote about her plans to publish a zine that would accept slash fiction:"I feel the same as you, that "slash" is "the Creature That Ate Media Fandom!" Why this is the only relationship that some fans want to explore is beyond me. Lest there be any slash fans in earshot who want to stone me, I protest the proportion of slash zines to the rest of zines published, and not their existence."
A year later fans were still objecting to her proposed zine, lumping all slash together with sexually explicit material:"For the record, I do enjoy heavy erotica, unexplored interracial, interspecies sexual adventures, including slash, provided it is well written.... I was toying with plans of making a SW zine in defiance of the "Lucas Purity Policy" (I planned to call it "The Rest of the Garbage") and I found out that the idea was highly unpopular. ....we write because we want people to read it happily, not because we want to ram it down their throats."
"Call me paranoid, call me a pessimist, call me a worry-wart, call me a pain-in-the-ass, if you prefer, but I've got a bad feeling about this. I'm going to go out on a limb here and say that I think you should maybe, perhaps rethink publishing, The Rest of The Garbage. Not from a purist point of view, because the Maker knows I am guilty of changing the whole plot line of one of my stories if it means I won't be able to describe Han Solo in bed at least once. It's not censorship either or worries about offending anyone's moral sensibilities. (Everyone's on their own). It's courtesy towards the man who gave us the SW universe. George Lucas has made his wishes very clear on this. He doesn't want to see his creations, his characters in sexually explicit or slash situations. I think we should respect that. George has let us "play" in his universe with no restrictions other than the aforementioned ones. Nevermind that the idle master hasn't been actively overseeing his property for the last decade, it's still his. It would be awful if he felt the need to issue any cease and desist orders, though justified, for we have been warned. If we want to go underground, sharing such literature from friend to friend, that's one thing, but publicly seeking submissions and selling such a zine on the open fan market would, IMO, be a mistake. Perhaps I'm an alarmist, but history could repeat itself and while I was not even aware of SW fandom during the so-called Porn Wars, I've heard enough horror stories that I wouldn't want it to happen again. It's just something to seriously consider. We get away with almost everything else where SW is concerned, why push it over the edge?"
Eventually, ZP Florian did publish her adult themed zine in 1995 and while it did have slash, none of it was Han/Luke.Still, the tide began turning in favor of slash fan fiction, although fans were careful to avoid overtly mentioning Han/Luke themes:
Some slash supporters worried:"All three of you commented on slash writing in one way or another. To respond to all of you. Boo! There are so many slash zines because there are so many slash fen. There are plenty of non-slash zines too. I enjoy both. Gods, the whole discussion is starting to sound like PhilCon's annual 'Is Fandom Dying?' panel. Apparently, sf fandom has been dying since about 1960! Is slash fandom another nail in the coffin? Nah! For those of you who feel that there are too many slash zines - why don't some of you get together and put out your own non-slash zines? Oh, yeah, I definitely agree with [C.] that even a slash story should have a strong story-line and, let me add, some character development. Yes,please!"
While others pointed out that (a) advertising for slash fanzines helped fandom overall and (b) not all slash was sexually explicit or violent:
And not all fans were averse to the idea of Han/Luke fiction:"I don't see a storm coming in the separation of types of zines. This merely lets people know in advance what to buy and what to avoid. Some editors already circumvent the problem by putting out separate non-slash and slash or slash/adult zines. Han's youthful lapse with Boba Fett? Considering that it's Edward of Wickham (Jeremy Bulloch) under all that armor, I'd find such a youthful "lapse" entirely understandable. I'd lapse, too! As to my own taste in fannish "porn", I like nice long stories with tons of plot and character development and the occasional sex scene that actually helps develop both plot and character and doesn't turn one of the guys into the kind of wimp he never was before. (Hope I haven't disappointed any of the anti-slash crowd who think that all slash involves rape, torture, chains, leather, pain and suffering and all kinds of perverse treatment of your favorite characters. If that's what you want, go read a hurt/comfort zine. Such stories do exist in slash fandom, but not nearly to the degree they do in hurt/comfort stories."
Mark Hamill and Harrison Ford appeared together on a Saturday Night Live sketch that touched on the Han/Luke theme:"I also agree with you on the Han/Luke slash; it is very hard to imagine that both of them suddenly drop Leia and start to be frantic about each other. But - if someone can write a story that'd make me believe it, I won't reject it at all. For example, deep psychology: Leia dies and the two men transfer their affection for her to each other, in the desperate pit of grief."
During the 1990s, two major sociological and technological shifts took place: one was increasing LGBT activism in response to the AIDS crisis. The second was the rise of the Internet which allowed fans to find one another with greater ease and anonymity. Adult fan fiction, including slash, become more and more acceptable.
"If not for Princess Leia, Star Wars would be a mainstay of gay culture. Consider the two approximately male, co-dependent droids, one of them overtly camp; opposites-attract couple Han and Luke, pairing cynicism and naivety, Han luring Luke away from his conservative older 'mentor'; and S&M pair Vader and the Emperor. Something had to be done. Lucas needed to set his characters on the straight and narrow and convince us that this was family entertainment. He needed, somewhat ironically, a beard. What he ended up with (one suspects, almost in spite of himself) is one of science-fiction's best female characters. Impatient, opinionated and completely self-assured, Princess Leia Organa is often dismissed as bossy. But she is the boss. She is a princess, senator and leader of the Rebel Alliance; in the Extended Universe, she's a key architect of the New Republic, as well as being instrumental in forging the alliance with the Ewoks that proves decisive in the battle for Endor."
1999: The Prequels Begin
In 1999, the Star Wars prequel, The Phantom Menace was released and a new generation of fans flocked to the franchise. Unencumbered by the history of interference, censorship and control by Lucasfilm, they lept into adult fan fiction focusing mainly on the Obi-Wan/Qui-Gon slash pairing. Against the backdrop, Han/Luke slash fiction seemed tame.
Suffice it to say for our purposes here that when handsome young padawan Obi-Wan turned up onscreen with an equally handsome, bearded, and much taller master, the next generation of Star Wars slash fandom took one look at them and went “Han and Luke who?”
As the characters from the original series of movies faded into fannish memory, so went the Han/Luke slash community. The last Han/Luke fanzine was published in 2001. The main Han/Luke fan fiction archive Elusive Lover cycled through many web hosts, often going offline for periods of time and then being resurrected. It finally went offline in 2013. This is not to say that there was no Han/Luke fiction written during this period - just that it remained a smaller niche among the sea of Star Wars fandom.
2015: The Sequels Begin
In the late 2000s, Disney bought the rights to the Star Wars franchise from Lucasfilm and the movies was "rebooted' under a new director. In December 2015, The Force Awakens was released which featured an older Han Solo and Luke Skywalker in small, pivotal roles. The conclusion of their joint story arc, with its tragic underpinnings, pulled in both old and new fans, many of whom began looking for the older Han/Luke fiction - and wondering why they were finding so little.
Shortly after the movie was released, several Han/Luke posts began circulating - some under the new pairing tag SkySolo. One notable post was a gifset that pulled material from a deleted Han and Luke scene from ROTJ which had a slashy subtext: see Deleted Scene From Return of the Jedi . Other sample gifsets blended footage from the previous movies along with new dialogue. (see below). And more posts followed: "WAIT, Mark Hamill confirmed that he and Harrison Ford kissed on set?", Archived version.Fans gobbled up the existing fanfic:
"Anonym asked: do you have star wars fic recs? any pairings anything
when diving into old han/luke fanfics you gotta prepare yourself [to] going back to the time of “his sapphire eyes glistened” and over use of the word “darkness” but ‘life while there’s hope’ is the version of ANH we all wish we hadmost h/l things on this rec are alright. i’m struggling to find real solid fic that’s not super cringeworthy tbh but this should keep you tied over for awhile."
One fan looked back on the history of Han/Solo fan fiction and penned a letter of thanks to the newer generation of fans:
In my post about my Star Wars stories, I did mention that some of my stories contain Han/Luke (you kids call it Skysolo, that’s adorable), but I didn’t feel the need to put “homosexuality” in the list of warnings along with language and drug use and violence.
We would almost always put a warning on stories where two dudes got it on when posting a story, and it wasn’t a trigger warning, in case someone had a traumatic experience, and it wasn’t like a “if you don’t like this particular ship don’t read this” warning.
IT WAS BECAUSE TEN YEARS AGO SOMEONE JUST BEING GAY OR DOING A GAY THING IN A FICTIONAL STORY WAS ENOUGH TO MAKE PEOPLE ON THE INTERNET TELL YOU YOU WERE DISGUSTING AND THEY HATED YOU AND THEY WISH THEY’D NEVER CLICKED ON YOUR WORK.
I know we’ve come a long way in ten years, but I just wanted to tell you twenty-year-olds that when I was your age, I had to warn people about gayness in advance, or I was a bad person.Your generation doesn’t need that. You guys are amazing. Thanks for building on what I did when I was your age and making it so much stronger."
- ship_manifesto - Everything I do, I do it for you (Han Solo/Luke Skywalker), Archived version (2004)
- Deleted Scene From Return of the Jedi (2015)
(see archives and communities below)
- bea_recs, Archived version (2007, updated 2010)
- So, yeah, Han/Luke is my OTP, as reflected by this page., free method, (2005)
- ArtofLife Han/Luke Recs (use the WBM for dead links) (2010)
- Definitions of Destiny Links, Archived version (2013)
- anghraine's rec list, Archived version (Dec 2015)
- Chrysopaz and Brandy: a series of interconnected short stories over the entire original trilogy (WBM link].
- Luminous Beings - fic by Irene Heron
- Going Back, Archived version by ladyjaida (2004)
- Life While There's Hope by Diana Williams (2000)
- Only Light Series by Amy Fortuna (An AU series that covers both tragedy and happiness. The series is in several parts and includes Qui-Gon/Obi-Wan, Anakin/Amidala and Han/Luke.)
- Body Heat by Timberwolf (2002)
- Slash Artwork by Jean Kluge (scroll down for picture), Archived version (1990s?)
- Buddy System (anime style art) (2000s)
- I'm here for you by ProfDrLachfinger (2015)
a 2015 tumblr post about the attraction between Han and Luke
Here, a tumblr fan deconstructs the eyelines of the actors to illustrate Han/Luke: All I’m saying is that Leia was looking at Han but Han was not looking at Leia
tumblr gifset by iristigerlily highlighting the Han/Luke relationship by using a script excerpt from The Empire Strikes Back."Luke smiles, then waves at his friend and walks on. After a few steps, he stops and looks back. Han glances up and the two exchange a silent communication, each wishing the other safety, happiness – many things, all difficult to verbalize. – The Empire Strikes Back Script
- Lowlands. Vid by Lyn (2001) (AO3 link)
- Believe It Or Not. Vid by Mudd (2004 or earlier)
- Don't Let The Sun Go Down On Me. Vid by Angel Sparrow (2004 or earlier)
- I Miss My Friend. Vid by Angel Sparrow (2004 or earlier)
- Did You Ever Have To Make Up Your Mind. Vid by Angel Sparrow (2004 or earlier)
- Return To Me. Vid by Angel Sparrow (2004 or earlier)
- My Hero? Vid by Azonia (offline) (2006 or earlier)
- luke/han: always gold - YouTube, Archived version (2015)
- Han & Luke: Talk - YouTube, Archived version (2015)
- Luke Skywalker Is Gay?, Slate Magazine, has some Star Wars commentary, though the article's focus is broader (2000)
- Everything I do, I do it for you; WebCite by valarltd at Shipper's Manifesto (2004)
- Why I love Han and Luke, Angel Maxwell (2012?)
- See The Jundland Wastes #3
- T.K. Scoundrel Vol 1 No 2 (Winter 1983).
- Jundland Wastes #5-6 (Nov 1981).
- Not without significant effort and protesting by both authors and publishers.
- Nowakowska: “The Incomparable Jundland Wastes”, edited 2001.
- First Han/Luke Story -, Archived version
- But see the article page as the only confirmed circulation date for "The Learning" is 1995.
- MU's letter to Southern Enclave #18 (March 1988).
- Ming Wathne's letter to Southern Enclave #19 (June 1988) (quoted with permission).
- [M U's] letter to Southern Enclave #20 (Dec 1988).
- MU's letter to Southern Enclave #28 (Spring 1991).
- Southern Enclave #32 (Summer 1992).
- Southern Enclave #34 (Winter 1993).
- [M J F], Southern Enclave #36 (Summer 1993).
- [T B] , Southern Enclave #36 (Summer 1993).
- Southern Enclave #34 (Winter 1993).
- [B A] Southern Enclave #39 (Summer 1994).
- [M M], Southern Enclave #34 (Autumn 1993).
- ZP Florian Southern Enclave #38 (Winter 1994).
- [M M] Southern Enclave #39 (Summer 1994).
- Z.P. Florian Southern Enclave #41 (Spring 1995).
- [M N], Southern Enclave #48 (Summer 1997); Watch Shopping at Home Network: Mark Hamill For Sale From Saturday Night Live - NBC.com, Archived version
- The 30 Greatest Star Wars Characters, Feature, Archived version
- Ewan McGregor's Stupid Beautiful Face: A History of Han/Luke and Star Wars Slash by ladybusiness, posted and accessed 2016-04-06.
- And so I became Kylo Ren trash,
- thanks to you.,
- wdo you have star wars fic recs?, Archived version
- In my post about my Star Wars stories..., Archived version
- tearing up the highway like a big old dinosaur, Archived version
- skinny love, Archived version
- All I’m saying i, Archived version
- i owe you one, Archived version