Vul-Con

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You may be looking for the 1986-2007 convention called Vulkon.

Star Trek Convention
Name: Vul-Con
Dates: 1973, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978
Frequency:
Location: varies
Type:
Focus: Star Trek, science fiction, media science fiction
Organization:
Founder: James Mule'
Founding Date: 1973
URL:
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Vul-Con began as a Star Trek: TOS convention, but branched off into general science fiction after the second con. By the last one, Star Trek was barely mentioned.

Aside from Star Trek Con (1969 convention), which was a fan gathering at a public library, the "Vul-Con" in 1973 was the second or third all-Star Trek programming convention presented. [1] [2]

1: 1973

Vul-Con 1973 was held in June 21-24, 1973 in New Orleans at the Jung Hotel.

The concom was James G. Mule', Mrs. Lynne Norwood, Peter Bezbak, Dean and Mary Sweatman, Robert Taggert, Mary Beth Schrieb, Dany and Mary Frolich, Nancy Mayberry, Rick Norwood, and Dennis Dolbear.

The Guests of Honor (confirmed) were Gene Roddenberry, Majel Roddenberry, Dorothy Fontana (toastmistress), Ruth Berman, David Gerrold. Possible guests were Gene Coon and George Takei. From a con report below, it sounds as if Myrna Culbreath was also there.

The raffle plan was to sell 600 tickets at a dollar a piece. Concom members were limited to buying three tickets, but everyone else could buy as many as they wanted. From the second progress report:
Our big announcement is the Gene and Male Transport Fund: a raffel [sic] we are holding in order to pay the cost of transportation for the Roddenberrys. The prize in this contest is a complete set of first season scripts, worth over $150.
From the second progress report:

It is the custom at S.F. Conventions to not only honor a great professional for some accomplishment, but to also honor an individual fan for his/her accomplishments in the field. We are continuing this custom at our convention, and have chosen Miss Ruth Berman as out Fan GOH.

Miss Berman lives in Minnesota, and is a teacher at a local college there. And it is from here that the excellent fanzine T-Negative is sent out about every other month. But Miss Berman is not content to simply publish other people's attempts at writing; she herself has done some writing and has been published in such S.F. magazines as Worlds of Fantasy, and, most recently, Analog.

T-Negative is now in it's 19th issue,and has had such professionals as Harry C. Stubbs, otherwise known as Hal Clement, and Larry Niven appear in it's pages.

Miss Berman has also visited the sets a number of times, and had the and had the opportunity to interview a number of behind-the-scenes people, as well as the regular and guest cast members.

Her experiences and viewpoints of what happened on the sets should be of interest to every member, and we are happy that she will be able to attend our con.
From the second progress report:

Our toastmistress will be the eminent writer, scripter, and editer—Dorothy C. Fontana, Miss Fontana is no doubt well known to those older fans of Star Trek, but for those younger fans who may not recognise her name we will explain who she is.

In every television series, there is one person who has the job of seeing that from one week to the next, all the characters, places, and names remain the same. In other words, this person Is responsible for the continuity of the series. In Star Trek's case, this responsibility was Miss Fontana's.

But this is not all of her job, not only must she keep the program continuity, but it is also her job to read each and every new script which is submitted to the producer in order to determine which ones can be used in the series and which ones can't, and of those which can—which need to be rewritten.

Miss Fontana was well qualified for the job she held. She not only knew Science Fiction, she has written scripts for many TV shows including most recently--Ghost Story, but having worked with Gene Boddenberry for a while she knew what he was looking for in the program.

Miss Fontana also wrote a large number of Star Trek's scripts herself and those she didn't write-herself she helped rewrite to fit them to Star Trek's format.

All in all, Miss Fontana is an extremely interesting and talented person, and we are honored and pleased to have her as our toastmistress.
From the second progress report:

Costume Ball Rules:

Don't feel that you must have a prize winning costume. The ball will be a lot more fun if you come in costume, even if you don't compete. Your costume does not have to be from Star Trek, though Star Trek costumes are preferred. Anything from science fiction or fantasy is welcome. But, please, no old Mardi Gras pirate or cowgirl outfits. Nothing you can buy in a store. And don't wear the obvious standard Enterprise uniform. Be original. Costumes made professionally or obtained from the Star Trek cast or costume department may be worn, but can not enter the competition.

You can put on a skit, either original or from a Star Trek episode, but the skit must not be longer than three minutes. And be sure everyone can speak loudly enough to be heard by a large audience. We can not supply microphones for everybody. Almost everyone underestimates the volume you need to project your voice beyond the stage. There will be a chance for photographers to take pictures of the costumes either before or after the judging, but no flash pictures allowed while the entrees are crossing the stage!

Prizes will be given for the best costume, most authentic Star Trek costume, best group, best skit, most humorous costume, and best Mr. Spock.

Con Reports: 1973

Star Trek conventions seem to be developing a standard pattern; & pattern which has a tendency to make them all seem alike somehow. At VUL-CON I, however, James Mule' and his staff were able to take that pattern and add to it.

The special guests of the convention were Gene Roddenberry, D.C. Fontana, David Gerrold and Captain Kirk - NO, not William Shatner; but Captain Pierre D. Kirk, commander of the Enterprise Task Force in Viet Nam. (the stories he tells about his group in Nam, including his first officer whose nickname was Spock, are fascinating) The fan guest of honor was Ruth Berman; who is a quiet, shy woman, whom I found to be one of the nicest people I've ever met.

VUL—CON I started off, on Thursday, with a small party in the Con suite and with films; besides episodes of Star Trek, there were also such greats as: Forbidden Planet. Things To Come.and The Day The Earth Stood Still.

On Friday, along with more films, there was a Star Trek trivia contest, which was won by Margaret Basta (she has donated her prize, of a family of tribbles, to be auctioned off at STAR-CON). We also learned, at a panel, that Mr. Roddenberry's pilot, Questor (about an android), has been bought by NBC and will probably be on in the fall. Genesis II. his other pilot, was about to be dropped from consideration by CBS as a series, until ABC made them an offer for it; after taking another look at it, CBS told Mr. Roddenberry to buy some scripts for it — with their money — so look for it as a mid-season replacement in January or February.

Unlike the past conventions, VUL-CON I was a very relaxed convention; the convention committee had actually SCHEDULED breaks in the convention activities so that people (like myself) who had never been there, would have several opportunities to enjoy the city of New Orleans. After listening to David Gerrold on Friday, talk about Star Trek and David Gerrold, I went with the two prettiest gals at the convention to the French Quarter - an hour later I was drunk, not on alcohol, but on the beauty and grace that surrounded me in the French Quarter. After a fantastic dinner there, we walked (the Jung was only blocks away) back to the hotel to take in the Costume Competition and more films, before adjoining to our rooms.

On Saturday, we got our first really good look at the new animated Star Trek. Dorothy C. Fontana, who is now the Associate Producer of Star Trek. ran the beginning credits from the animation. "Space the final frontier..." At first we thought we were being shown the credits from the original Trek; but no, there was something different — not wrong — just different. The planets — they were clearer; the colors — they were brighter; the Enterprise - was fantastic! Mere words cannot describe the great job Filmation is doing; the few doubts this person had about the animated Star Trek were totally gone by the time those three minutes were over.

After the animation, there was a Star Trek Fan Panel; which consisted of David Gerrold (who insists he's still only a fan), Ruth Berman (the fan guest of honor), Jacqueline Lichtenberg (of Kraith), James Mule', Captain Pierre Kirk, Margaret Basta (of S.T.A.R.) and Laura Basta (also of S.T.A.R.). The discussion offered the history of fandom, what fandom is doing today, and what fandom can do tomorrow - that is, write Paramount requesting a Star Trek movie; and write NBC requesting that the animation be shown on a week night.

On Saturday night, Dorothy C. Fontana was the Toastmistress at the banquet; and some banquet it was! Ms. Fontana, along with Gene Roddenberry and David Gerrold, made this banquet the most enjoyable I have ever attended. Thank you, Dorothy, Gene and David.

After the banquet, Ruth Berman treated us to a Star Trek slide show, with narration, that was most enjoyable; and showed that Ms. Berman has a delightful imagination.

On Sunday, the last day, there were more films; and, for those so Interested, an art auction. I'm told that the bidding was spirited and that several artists were pleasantly suprised at the price their work went for. My knowledge of this is second hand, however, because during the art auction I, and several others, were enjoying a leisurely boat trip on the Mississippi - another side bonus of attending VUL-CON I.

Let me finish my report by congratulating James Mule' and his staff for the job they did putting together VUL-CON X. It was clear that many long hours had been spent by these people. In order to give us the convention we received. I'm looking forward to VUL-CON III! [3]

Vul-Con was not much as cons go, but it still gets a high score as the friendly and relaxed con. Only about 1100 registered which locals say is a fantastically large number for a con thereabouts, but to those of us at N.Y. and L.A, it seemed tiny. So there truly wasn't much con action or excitement, but it allowed everyone to have plenty of time to talk at length with everyone else, attend non-crowded con events and even take in New Orleans' French Quarter and famous restaurants in the midst of the con.

The con committee was small; a few members of the local science fiction association, and they were very pleasant young people who never let the strain show - no snapping, fussing or shows of temper ever surfaced.

Gene Roddenberry, D.C. Fontana and David Gerrold made several talks, appeared at autograph sessions, etc. They strolled the hotel and con at all hours (no security guards whatever) and were quite accessible yet not pestered to death. Ruth Berman was Fan Guest of Honor, Jacqueline Lichtenberg was there, also Laura & Margaret Basta and Dave Lillard of STAR Central. Ruth, Jacqueline and the Bastaa appeared in a fandom panel with David Gerrold as moderator. It was a good idea that all cons might do well to copy. Each of them talked about different aspects of fandom and then answered questions.

D.C.'s s animation talk had some nuggets of info: Amanda, Sarek and Cyrano Jones will have their originator's voices (done for love, not $!) and all the original cast have signed for voices except Chekov - whose character has been cut for animation. His replacement will be an alien creature with extra arms and legs and a gaunt-bony face (named Arex). She had sketches of him, plus several alien creatures (one a tribble predator) and a sehlat to show. She brought color transparencies of all our heroes that had undergone some changes and improvements since those brought to Equicon. They've gotten much closer in resemblance to everyone except Scotty,in my opinion. Kirk still isn't exact and I don't think ever will be. Spock has fortunately lost his bilious green color. She even had a 3 minute film of the introduction. Everything is slightly changed but follows the same general pattern of the original. It's pretty good and most of us liked it. The Enterprise flybys a couple times were too fast and wobbly and D.C. said they realized this and are correcting it. No film was yet ready of characters or interiors. 16 episodes will be done and all scripts are either completed or contracted for.

GR said in one of his talks that Paramount contacted him last week and asked to discuss a live-actor theatrical movie. He has an appointment with them within the next three weeks.

The Costume Ball had about 50 entries: a couple pretty good salt creatures who tied for first and a fair Andorian (in track shoes) who came in second. Trivia contest was verbal. Margaret Basta won. Questions were unimaginative and made up on the spot from the CONCORDANCE; every other question being "Who wrote" a certain episode. Banquet was small - less than 150. All 3 celebrities gave brief but humorous and light talks, very enjoyable for a change from the same old repetitive news, Then Ruth Berman (main speaker) told about her earlier years with Lincoln Enterprises and fandom. Very pleasant evening.

Art show medium size and not many good works or bidding - most entries remained unsold or went for the minimum, with 2 exceptions: Maurice Dollans did 6 paintings which got spirited bidding and 3 sold for $125 each.

The film program was super - day and night running and several repeats of each. Had "Where No Man...", "Assignment: Earth", "Amok Time", "Genesis II, bloopers,and in sf: "Destination Moon","The Day the Earth Stood Still","Forbidden Planet" and '2001" plus others I've forgotten at the moment.

Huckster's Room was the major disappointment of the con. The huge room full of tables had only 5 dealers. There truly was virtually nothing to buy if you had ever been to a con before! [4]

Margaret & Laura Basta and Dave Lillard of STAR were there, as well as Jacqui Lichtenberg, and Ruth Berman - fan guest of honor. As for guests: Gene Roddenberry, a thoroughly lovely man; David Gerrold, a man in his element; and D.C. Fontana, whom we all know. Majel Barrett Roddenberry, Gene told us was 6 weeks pregnant, but he had promised to show her the city when she could travel again.

Jim Mule, the poor soul in charge, was way out of his league, though he tried very hard. For a first con it wasn’t bad, but... He had practically no help that I could see from his staff, except his projectionist, Rick, and his artist-in-residence, Dany Frolich. The program booklet was very good. The photographs were exceptional and very abundant. There were scenes from everyone’s favorite episodes as well as candid shots.

Gene brought along the BLOOPER or GOODIE reel, which devastated us with laughter. There were other good films: Forbidden Planet, the prototype for ST and Kirk; Things to Come, a 1936 anti-war film; The Day the Earth Stood Still, sympathetic aliens who believed in peace and reason; and 2001, A Space Odyssey. As for ST episodes: Amok Time and a thoroughly butchered (bad projectionist) City On the Edge cf Forever were all that arrived. Film schedules were bad to non-existent.

There were several panels, a costume contest and a thoroughly dishonest trivia contest wherein Rick Norwood read the questions from the Concordance without even bothering to disguise the fact that he made up the questions as he went along. Margaret Basta won, and deserved to, but we were all very disgusted. The contestants had to pay 50 cents to compete. Really!

Things went from bad to worse. The ha-ha Huckster’s Room consisted of three very disconsolate tables - STAR and STW, Tribbles and David’s books, and T-shirts.

The Gene and Majel transportation fund was financed by a pirated set of scripts and the winning raffle ticket went to Jim Mule’s mother. How embarrassing! I won’t even talk about the art show, except the cells D.C .brought of the animated Enterprise. It looked perfect, and it was a rejected one.

The music for the animated, which looks very good according to the clip we saw, is altered. Gene says the network wanted $10,000 for the original. Some nerve!

I really liked Jim Mule, but he’ll have to get along without your intrepid recruiter for S-TC, Of the people there from Iowa, Missouri, Minnesota, Ohio, Texas, Louisiana, Georgia, Michigan and Pennsylvania, T’Boss informs me I did my job very well: We were 120 at last count.[5]

2: 1975

Vul-Con 1975 was held in New Orleans. There was an ad for it in A Piece of the Action #13.

One of the Guests of Honor was Arlene Martel.

A con report by J. Butler appears in Star Trek Today #6.

One of the Guests of Honor was

Con Reports: 1975

A fan in 2015 commented:
Vul-Con II Was held in New Orleans in the early spring of 1975 (actual dates escape me). Being a native Louisianian of the northern La. region, I and a fellow ST and Sci-Fi fan both attended VC-II together. At the time we were both 15 YOA, and had grown up on Star Trek reruns after school. The Vul-Con was held at the New Orleans French Quarter Hilton hotel. The VC was put on by a local woman from N.O. and her boyfriend or husband, with the help of a few other local ST fans. There was a pre-convention attendance fee that was required and deposits had to be made to cover one's hotel room costs. (non-refundable both if you did not show for some reason as I recall). It was either 2-3 days long. I do recall the concention announcement noted that the legal drinking age (at that time in La.) was 18. Perhaps that was an additional draw for some.

There was a 'Trading Post" room where all manner of ST and other science fiction related books, magazines, comics, and various nick nacks could be purchased. There was a costume party night with judging, and ST-TOS episodes were screened one after another all day and late into the night. At one point, the ST Blooper Reel was shown to the great amusement of all. There were many shots of Kirk, Spock etc marching resolutely into doors that failed to open in the hairsplitting quickness that was so evident on the show. A home-made four foot mock-up of the Enterprise was also on display. Special guests at this convention, Nichelle Nichols, and Arlene Martel (T'Pring) were two of the actual ST-TOS actors that appeared that year. They were placed at a table and one could either purchase a pic to be made personally autographed, or if you took a Polaroid (as I did) they were still gracious enough to sign it. They also posed for pics with the occasional fan. (I want to say that perhaps George Takei was also there but I may have that confused with I or II, neither of which I attended)

Some of the guests were either asked to help out or pretty much pressed into service. My friend and I were asked to be security guards at one of the entrances to one of the rooms and then at an escalator. We were given the dreaded red-of-death shade security shirts to wear, complete with sleeve braid and Starfleet insignia on them. Of course they had to be returned once done. We 'stood guard' I think 6 hours one day in two or three different places and loved every minute of it.

For years after I kept and treasured my copy of the Vul-Con II announcement mailer, Polaroid pics I had taken there at the convention, of Nicholls & Martel (autographed) and the three different Starfleet chest patches I had purchased along with pics & other items. Sadly I lost them all in a storage fire in 1986.

Still, it was one of the few being held at the time around the nation. All part of an attempt to influence Paramount to resurrect the series or at least make a feature length motion picture. Happily that did come to pass in 1979. What's surprising about that to those of us at that time of VC II in spring of '75 though, was that while virtually every attendee wished wholeheartedly for just such a thing to happen, none of us ever held out much hope that it ever actually WOULD. In those days once a TV show went out of production it was DEAD. There were virtually no examples of such a re-union later movie. (Oh, well, The Muntsers did though it is all I can recall offhand. It was not completely impossible, just very RARE)

Thank the stars we were wrong. [6]

3: 1976

Vul-Con 1976 was held in New Orleans August 20-22, 1976 at the International American Hotel.

front cover of the program book
back cover of the program book

It was billed this year as a "Science Fiction, Star Trek, and Fantasy Convention."

The concom: James Mule', Jan Luke, Richard Majeste, Beverly Traub, Joseph Grillot.

The Guests of Honor were Frank Kelly Freas and Grace Lee Whitney.

The program book had 22 pages, five of which were photos from 1975's Costume Contest.

There is an ad in the program book for the New Orleans Science Fiction Association and a con they were hosting: No-Con. There was also an ad for the New Orleans chapter of Society for Creative Anachronism.

From the program book: "You may now order slides or photos of the famous Kathy Betterton Star Trek murals. VUL-CON is the ONLY official agent of Ms. Betterton, so if you buy from VUL-CON you will assure the artist of her commission. Come see the slides on display."

Con Reports: 1976

Vul-Con III was a fairly small convention (though it was never intended to be an extravaganza) drawing between 500 to 600 fans. The fans were very enthusiastic and many wore costumes during the entire con rather than just for the costume contest and ball. The con featured most of the unusual convention events; having something of interest to everyone and a buzz of continuous activities. The guests were Frank Kelly Freas (who held his audience spellbound with his slide show) and Grace Lee Whitney (whose enthusiasm, graciousness, and energy were boundless.) The costume contest ended in a tie for first place between the duo of Godzilla and Rodan and a trio consisting of two sinuous she-cat creatures and their sultry, whip-wielding mistress. There were 40 costumes entered In the contest.... ranging from Hortas, man-eating Tribble, Alphans, Various [ambassadress], to gallant knights and their ladies. And would you believe not even ONE Spock?!?! The ending of the costume contest was somewhat unusual in that one of the knights dashed on to the stage and boldly kidnapped Grace Lee Whitney, whisking her off the stage and down the aisle. All in all, it was a most enjoyable convention...well-planned and successful. Footnote by Helen Young: During the con, Grace Lee Whitney and her husband John Dale wore t-shirts with Yeoman Rand's photo on them...then after the Banquet (red beans and rice, a dish the local natives are fond of) the Dales offered the shirts at auction for the benefit of STW. Morrie Bennett served as the auctioneer and got the crowd going to fantastic heights of enthusiasm--the first shirt sold for $30. and the second for $17.!!! Ms. Whitney graciously posed for photos with the purchasers and autographed the shirts. [7]

4: 1977

5: 1978

The fifth Vul-Con was held August 11-13, 1978 at the Grand Hotel in New Orleans.

front cover of Vul-Con 5 (1978) program book
back cover of the 1978 program book

The concom: Jan Luke, Beverly Traub, Richard Majeste, Mike Swan, Gee Busar, Burt Carey, Joe Grillot, and Kay Johnson.

The Guests of Honor were Shawn Bishop (actor who portrayed the oldest child in the movie Close Encounters of the Third Kind), Wayne McAllister (employee of Boeing Aircraft who worked on the space shuttle), Dr. Jack Stocker (chemistry professor and expert on the history of science fiction), George Alec Effinger (went to the same high school as Andre Norton and Roger Zelazny, is a writer).

From the program book:

Welcome, folk, to ...hm..VUL-CON 5?? We made it that far??? Gee Whiz, Giz. I must really say that I am very proud and happy that we are around this year, for as of this year we become the OLDEST fan-run convention of our type (and I believe the OLDEST of any STAR TREK-SF conventions still running pro or am.) Some of the things going on this year will be a participation by you the member in the decisions for next year by the filling out and returning of a questionaire in your program book. (If you didn't find one go to the registration desk and ask for one.) Also this year we are repaying a bit of debt to a local leader, Mayor Moon Landrieu, by honoring him at an awards ceremony on Friday. Mr. Landrieu has been a great help in the past to our city, our con, and our future, through his unceasing crusade for the plight of our cities, the need for the continuence of the Space Program and the facilities at Michould, and by declaring a week in the city in '75 "Star Trek and Science Fiction Week" to help publicize the con and the worthiness of Star Trek and SF in general. As far as this year, we have tried many new things this year in the hopes of determining how we can inprove the convention and make it more enjoyable for you. Let us know how we have succeeded. FILL OUT THAT QUESTIONAIRE!!!

I must admit however, that not everything worked out this year. Due to the disasters which struck in such quick succession at the beginning of the year—we had a very late and slow start on getting things organized. Thus many ideas we tried either died before we could complete them or because we ran out of time or .... Finally, you may find some areas where things do not go as smoothly this year as before, all I ask is that you please bear with us, let us know where the glitches are and give us a chance to correct them before you hit the rafters. We always have,and intend now, to do our best.

Well, that's it for now. We all hope you will enjoy the con,
 and until next year

EXCELSIOR!!!!!!

1978 Program Book

The disclaimer on the program book: "© 1978 by VULCON. All rights reserved, all over the place; this means you, do not pass go, do not collected $200. And remember, when the foo-bird sh-ts, wear it."

The program book is 46 pages. The art is by Jan Luke, Richard Majeste, Mike Swan, Dany Frolich, Beverly Traub, and Ken Hafer. There is also much art by Gerry Downes; it is unknown if it was printed with permission.

  • Welcome (3)
  • Guest of Honor: Shawn Bishop (13 year old actor who portrayed the oldest child in the movie Close Encounters of the Third Kind) bio and full-page photo (6)
  • Hotel Map (8)
  • Nasa Exhibit ("Through the conscientious efforts of Mrs. Lorraine Marthet, the Michoud Test Facility has once again loaned us a NASA model exhibit. Do you remember the thrill and awe you experienced as you gazed up at our moon and realized there were two men walking around up there? Well, we've got a model of the beast that got them there and back again — none other than Michoud's baby, the Saturn V. Besides other models, we've also gotten the shuttlecraft. 'Enterprise' (catchy name!?) Come take a look at our space exploration heritage and future, because some of you may one day be shuttlecraft pilots! (NASA is hiring, you know!) The NASA exhibit is open to the public.") (10)
  • Guest of Honor: Wayne McAllister (employee of Boeing Aircraft who worked on the space shuttle) (11)
  • Huckster Room (12)
  • Guest of Honor: Dr. Jack Stocker (chemistry professor and expert on the history of science fiction) (13)
  • Guest of Honor: George Alec Effinger (went to the same high school as Andre Norton and Roger Zelazny, is a writer) (14)
  • Art Show (15)
  • Banquet, Volunteers (16)
  • Laser Gun Raffle (17)
  • Star Wars: Book Vs. Movie, article by Bev Traub (18)
  • General and Movie Schedule (22)
  • ad for The Fourth World Fantasy Convention (24)
  • Costume Ball (25)
  • And Now For... (25)
  • Their Force Is With Us, article by , article by Jan and Greg Luke (26)
  • A Brief, Non-Techical Description of Special Effects in the Cinema, article by Joseph G. Grillot, Jr. (28)
  • Yes... There is Going to Be a Movie, about the Star Trek movie, article by Kay Johnson (36)
  • ad for New Orleans Science Fiction Association (42)
  • Film Reviews (43)
  • The Search, fanwork by R. Strother (44)

References

  1. ^ A fan in 1993 called it the second one: "20 years ago, this October, the 1st STAR-CON was held at Cobo Hall, in Detroit, Michigan. This was, I believe, the 3rd Star Trek Convention *ever* held. (the 1st being Al Schuster's New York Star Trek Convention and the 2nd being James Mule's Vul-Con, in New Orleans)" -- David Lillard at History, September 26, 1993
  2. ^ However, if this con happened after February, then the second Star Trek Lives! con was the second con.
  3. ^ from Dave Lillard in Star-Borne v.2 n.9
  4. ^ from Helen Young in Space-Time Contiunuum #3
  5. ^ from Sara Paul in Space-Time Contiunuum #3
  6. ^ from comments by VulconII on Fanlore on 19 June 2015‎
  7. ^ from A Piece of the Action #43