Timeline of Fandom and Profit

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Fandom: all
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See also: fandom and profit, profic, Fans Turned Pro

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A timeline for all things related to fandom and profit. This can include attempts at commercializing fanworks by fans themselves or by companies, fanwork contests organized by companies, instances of fannish labor being used for commercial purposes, incidents around (perceived) monetization of fandom, important milestones for fan communities or fannish practices that involve monetization of fandom, and so on.

See Fandom and Profit.

1950s

1970

1974

1975

  • Comiket: First edition of the largest Japanese convention for the sale of doujinshi and other fanworks.
  • Star Trek Lives!, a pro book published by four fans, material was gathered from fans via questionnaires and such, Jacqueline Lichtenberg wrote in 2003 "When I found myself (already a professional sf author) writing and gleefully letting fanzines publish for free my ST fanfic, I knew I had a news story here." [1]

1976

1977

1978

  • Guardian (multimedia zine), "The Guardian was a fanzine published by Mazeltough Press, which had the odd distinction of being a fan novel that was paid-for publication (publishers split the profits with us to get the novel)."

1987

  • Alien Brothers and KSX (cash offered for fiction and art solicited for a zine, via a contest)

1989

1999

1992

1993

1995

  • EBay opens its doors allow consumers to sell their second hand items directly to one another. However, it is many years before the first fanzines show up for sale on eBay. The initial response to selling fanzines in what was perceived as a public forum was not positive. (See the EBay page for more).

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

December

2003

2004

December

2005

July

August

2006

May

  • Fan History Wiki launched. The wiki attracts criticism for a perceived profiting from free fannish labor/hidden commercial motives of its founder.

June

  • "Filing Off the Serial Numbers - Is It That Simple? Fanfiction Writers Going Pro" panel takes place at Con.txt[8]

October

2007

  • Syfy launches the Battlestar Galactica Video Maker Toolkit, which provides footage from the series for fans to create and submit videos with. Syfy claims all rights to the fan videos created.[9]

February

  • Doujinshi tax evasion incident: doujinshi creator Kaoruko Shinagawa is indicted with violation of the Japanese Income Tax Law for failing to report much of her considerable income from doujinshi sales (which must be declared as income from "self-publishing").[10]

April

May

  • FanLib - a commercially-owned, for-profit multifandom fanfiction archive funded with venture capital, somewhat furtively. It used much of the traditional rhetoric of fandom and provoked a great deal of fan hostility. The site never became very large, was bought by Disney and closed in 2008. FanLib helped to inspire Astolat's "We Need an Archive of Our Own" post[12], which helped lead to the fandom-supported Archive Of Our Own.

June

October

November

  • Harry Potter Lexicon Trial: Steve Vander Ark, creator of the Harry Potter Lexicon website, is forbidden from publishing a print version of the site.
  • The Edge: A novel by J.J. Massa is published and later withdrawn by its publisher after Massa gets accused of plagiarizing a Star Trek Voyager fic.

2008

  • The New Lori Jareo, post discusses "Star Trek: The Death Wave" by Austin P. Torney, a "self-published" fanfiction, ("the publisher? It's CreateSpace. Yep, Amazon's own self-publishing arm.")

2009

February

March

July

  • The eBay fanzine selling controversy: In July 2009, a copy of a custom zine found its way for sale on eBay which then led to some fans to argue that all fanzines were a violation of copyright law and were 'putting fandom in peril' by introducing profit to fan fiction. [17] Some fans began a LJ viral campaign aimed at putting fanzine publisher and sellers out of business. This campaign led several fanzine fans to begin volunteering on Fanlore and other OTW projects with a goal of helping document and preserve fanzine history.[18]

September

2010

December

2011

May

June

September

2012

  • Fandom teas: Adagio Teas, an online store that lets people create and sell their own tea blends, adds a "fandom teas" section.[20]

January

July

  • Amazon Doujinshi Incident: An unidentified person is discovered to be offering translated Japanese doujinshi for sale on various non-Japanese Amazon Kindle stores without the permission of the doujinshi creators.

July

August

November

2013

February

March

April

May

November

2014

2015

April

References

  1. see Star Trek Lives! for the rest of the interview
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nick_Perumov
  3. http://en.memory-alpha.org/wiki/Star_Trek:_Strange_New_Worlds
  4. http://fanlore.org/wiki/Uber#Bards_In_Print
  5. http://fanlore.org/wiki/Fan_art#Selling_Fanart
  6. Fandom Wank
  7. a message from cousinjean
  8. Uniquely Pleasurable, Original slash panel at D.C. con. Posted June 13, 2006. Last accessed November 16, 2008; WebCite.
  9. ftp://asavage.dyndns.org/Literature/scifi.com/www.scifi.com/battlestar/videomaker/terms/index.html. Video Maker Toolkit is analysed further in Russo, J. L. 2009. “User-Penetrated Content: Fan Video in the Age of Convergence.” Cinema Journal 48 (4): 125–130. http://www.cmstudies.org/?InFocus_48_4
  10. http://blog.livedoor.jp/shinakensyou/archives/50879801.html
  11. http://fanlore.org/wiki/Filing_Off_The_Serial_Number
  12. http://astolat.livejournal.com/150556.html
  13. http://comipress.com/news/2007/07/29/2393
  14. http://letsmanga.be/node/708
  15. http://fanlore.org/wiki/Filing_Off_The_Serial_Numbers
  16. Dusk Peterson, The Slash Skinny. Posted April 2007. Last accessed November 16, 2008; WebCite.
  17. Excerpts from the July 2009 "PSA to Fanfic Writers"
    "If you are a Fanfic writer or Artist please go to this ebay site doctor_beth2000 and check to see if YOUR fanworks or someones you know and like are being sold as Fanzines for profit in what appears to be a very lucrative and active operation." petzipellepingo, dated July 29, 2009 and
    "I've never charged anyone for my fan works and actually turned down an invitation to a fanzine because I disliked the idea that anyone would have to pay for my creations, even if it was purportedly just for production costs. Seeing the 'real' fanzines listed for sale in that Ebay store just adds to my personal reasons not to participate in such projects." cited in 'Interesting copyright infringement issue', Fandom Lawyers, dated July 29, 2009).
  18. Morgan Dawn's personal notes, accessed May 23, 2013.
  19. http://www.publishersweekly.com/pw/by-topic/digital/content-and-e-books/article/45433-dmp-launches-the-digital-manga-guild.html
  20. http://www.themarysue.com/the-fandom-tea-party-the-day-the-long-arm-of-pop-culture-touched-the-west%E2%80%99s-classiest-beverage/
  21. http://twifanfictionrecs.com/published-fics/
  22. http://fanlore.org/wiki/Filing_off_the_serial_numbers#Het_Examples
  23. http://transformativeworks.org/alert-podfic-makers-and-fanfic-writers
  24. http://www.randomhouse.com/audio/features/REVISED%2006-08-12%20Random%20House%20Audio%20Fan%20Fiction%20Contest.pdf
  25. http://www.dailydot.com/culture/mtv-teen-wolf-fanfic-contest-slash-sterek/
  26. http://www.teleread.com/ebooks/simon-schuster-to-publish-more-reworked-twilight-fanfic/
  27. http://www.publishersweekly.com/pw/by-topic/industry-news/book-deals/article/55956-nal-buys-hit-aussie-erotica-fan-fic.html, http://www.rtbookreviews.com/rt-daily-blog/tara-sue-me-how-submissive-went-twilight-fanfiction-published-novel
  28. http://www.kickstarter.com/projects/559914737/the-veronica-mars-movie-project
  29. http://boingboing.net/2013/05/18/nintendo-claims-ownership-over.html
  30. The kickstarter was posted on November 22, 2013. See Big Bang Press's tumblr post, November 26 post at The Escapist, and the more negative November 22 Fail Fandom Anon thread.