|Synonyms:||Conlang, Constructed Language, Artistic Language|
|See also:||Elvish, Klingonese, Na'vi, Vulcan, Cityspeak, Tengwar, Aurabesh, Gallifreyan|
|Click here for related articles on Fanlore.|
Fictional Languages are commonly used in science fiction and fantasy to add depth and verisimilitude to fictional worlds; they can range from a few words and phrases to entire languages complete with grammar and slang. Fans who often take fictional languages further: studying them, learning to speak and write them, or expanding on the minimal syntax and vocabulary from canon. Clubs, language institutes, conventions, zines and journals can all have a fannish focus on fictional languages.
Creating one's own constructed languages or "conlangs" is another important sphere of fan activity. It is also a well known practice outside of fandom. Esperanto is an example of a famous non-fandom constructed language.
Some fandoms that have an extensive fictional language component:
- The Expanse
- Lord of the Rings
- Stargate SG-1
- Star Trek
- Superman (especially comics)
- Watership Down
- Game of Thrones
Some print fanworks and web sites that focus on fictional languages:
- HolQed, the Journal of the Klingon Language Institute
- Kryptonian.info (Kryptonian dictionary and grammar - Superman)
- Romulan Language Guide
- Vulcan Language Guide
- Writer's Guide to Klingonaase
- The Isolate Tower has a dictionary of Earthsea languages
- Pegasus #3 has an article that deconstructs some of Greedo's (Star Wars) language
Outside of canonical conlangs, fans may also opt to create their own based on canon, or expand on very basic canonical conlangs that only consist of a few words or phrases.
Various conlang groups exist within science fiction fandom, within other fandoms, and outside of fandom. The livejournal community 'conlangs' is one place conlangers organize. The Language Creation Society has a website for those interested in conlangs.
Klingon and Tolkien's Quenya and Sindarin Elvish languages are two of the most commonly studied fictional languages. Other languages from Star Trek are also frequently studied.
Are there fictional languages in non-English sources that people study?
Some Fan Examples
"The Klingon Language, A Federation Text -- a fictional non-fiction article by Professor S. Sarris, M.A., Ph.D, D.L.H., D.L., Linguist in Residence, Starfleet Academy, United Planets of Earth" -- from Archives' Log v.1 n.5 (1974)
- making the strange familiar and the familiar strange, a fanfiction by thedancingdove that features the Mandalorian conlang from Star Wars
AO3 Canonical Languages
- Arika Okrent, In the Land of Invented Languages (Spiegel & Grau, 2009) has several chapters on Klingon.
- Michael Adams, From Elvish to Klingon: Exploring Invented Languages (Oxford Univ. Press, 2011)
- Mark Rosenfelder, The Language Construction Kit (Yonagu, 2010) and Advanced Language Construction (Yonagu, 2012).
- Creator of Man of Steel‘s Kryptonian Language Preaches About Fandom in New TEDx Talk, Archived version (2015)
- The digital fandom of Na'vi speakers by Christine Schreyer (2015)
- AO3 account of David J. Peterson, where he documents the conlangs he created for various TV shows
- Constructed language, Wikipedia (Accessed August 18, 2010)