Social Media AU
|Tropes and genres|
|Synonym(s)||SMAU, Facebook AU, Instagram AU, Snapchat AU, Twitter AU, Socmed AU|
|Related tropes/genres||Text Fic, Chatfic, Epistolary, Multimedia|
|Related articles on Fanlore.|
A Social Media AU or SMAU is a type of fanwork where fans create graphics that look like social media accounts for fictional or RPF characters. The type of visuals vary, from creating profile pages for the character to what their feed would look like. Some are like small fics, where the character "posts" a picture and other characters respond or comment on their pic, sometimes this will involve a series of posts and responses between the characters. It can sometimes be very similar to Text Fic but in a visual format.
Social Media AUs have become extremely popular on Twitter, particularly in younger fandoms such as Kpop and Anime fandoms populated by teens. Twitter Social Media AUs are told in the form of Threads combining screenshots of fake Twitter profiles, Tweets, and direct messages, often incorporating fictional texts, Instagram posts, and Snapchat interactions as well.
- Facebook AU
- Instagram AU
- Snapchat AU
- Twitter AU
Social Media AUs on Twitter
On Twitter, the Twitter AU thread thread evolved and became a popular format for longer form storytelling within K-pop and related fandoms. (See the History section below.) These social media AUs generally assume a high level of social media literacy to understand what small details of the format indicate, such as the layout of a Twitter profile, the ratio of Following to Followers, numbers of likes and retweets, etc. Manips are usually created with an online generator that replicates the appearance of Twitter and other social media.
There are some elements in the format of Twitter AUs that are generally consistent. They usually start with a Title/Summary tweet and manip images of the featured character's Twitter profiles, before launching into the story of the AU. Elements that are also common are an accompanying gif/graphic in the first tweet, use of Twitter's poll feature to let the audience decide the course of the story, and rules explaining how to interact with and interpret the AU - e.g. "quote retweet, don't reply!", "timestamps mean nothing."
Social Media AUs on Twitter do not always follow the same format. Some writers include larger amounts of prose text, getting around Twitter's character limit by posting an image of a screenshot of the text. Since these works are told mainly in the form of manip images, the use of the captions varies. They may be used for author's notes, numbering installments of the work, etc.
The terms "Social Media AU" and "Twitter" have spread/evolved on Twitter, and these works may now be referred to as simply as "AU," the way one might refer to an AU fanfic. Some AU writers create separate Twitter accounts just for their AUs.
The interesting thing about Social Media AUs is that you have to pretend everyone involved is now the type of person to live the details of their life publicly on Twitter, at least to an extent, which means you have to accept a level of OOC behavior no matter what the AU is. The characters also tend to use slang and memes popular in stan Twitter, rather than how they speak and interact in their respective canons. This creates a story that is often entertaining, but not the most in-character. Few, if any, characters have distinctive tones for their internet interactions, as opposed to earlier internet-messaging based original works like Homestuck.
History and Evolution
"Social Media AU" had a different, broader meaning before such works became popular on Twitter. They previous refered to any type of AU fanwork that prominently featured social media. A social media AU could be a manip or fanart of what a character's Instagram account would look like, of it could be a full fanfic that featured social media in some way.
Social Media AUs on Twitter, also called Twitter AUs or "socmed AUs", exploded in popularity with the internationally viral BTS Outcast AU in January 2018. The original poster @flirtAUs gained 419,000 followers in under a week, while the posts reached over a million likes and retweets. The AU told a story through fake text message screenshots, and was notable for including an interactive element in which readers could vote in Twitter polls and influence how the story would continue, as in quests (a kind of interactive fiction).
In March 2018, the parodical doofenperry twitter au!!! was posted for the first time, poking fun at stan culture using Phineas and Ferb characters. doofenperry twitter au caused another shift in the trend of Twitter AUs. Stories became more likely to be humorous, leaning toward parody of social media. There was also an increase of stories for very minor fandoms that one would not expect to see a fanwork for, making the fact that the work even exists part of the joke.
A number of extremely popular IT Social Media AUs emerged in 2020-2021, leading to some non-fandom outlets taking notice:
On July 1, 2020, in the middle of worldwide lockdown, fans of up-and-coming indie rock band The Runners were posting selfies of outfits they were wearing to a maskless, non-socially distanced live concert happening that night in New York. At the encore, lead singer Eddie Kaspbrak confirmed yearlong speculation of his romantic involvement with a fan, Richie Tozier: he announced that the next song would be a tribute to Tozier, closing with "I love you. Happy to do it."
This concert didn’t actually happen. And the band doesn’t actually exist. But everything else—including the fact that “HAPPY TO DO IT” was the 16th trending US topic for a few hours on Twitter—was very much real.
Vivan Lam, May 28, 2021
Analog SMAUs vs Epistolary
In 2022, several Our Flag Means Death SMAU stories became extremely popular and were held up as examples of an evolution of the genre, in which the term "Social Media" could include "analog" communication, such as notes, faxes, pagers, etc.
Twitter user @MystiqueWaves wrote a popular Twitter thread about the Piña Coladas SMAU, whose timeline started in the 1980s. While they later agreed that these evolutions pre-dated OFMD fandom, the thread showcases the diversity and popularity of these fanworks:
The fact that no one has mentioned how OFMD has revolutionized social media and analog AUs is mind boggling to me [...]
Its originally a form of Outsider POV, bc u are trying to tell the story from a third party with no personal intel of the story/relationships that happens. There are no middling paragraphs. The writer is supposed to make U feel like an overinvested fan, or a historian, or just some kid that stumbled into reading something they shouldnt've, and piecing all the clues together. [...]
But OFMD writers [...] communicated dialogue through group chats, controlled narrative through protected tweets and portrayed action through a max of 5 paragraphs at a time. The sheer courage of doing it all REAL TIME ON TWITTER?? ITS INSANE
And as if THAT ISNT ENOUGH, Lottie @faeeebaeee single handedly took it ONE STEP FURTHER by writing letters, showing snapshots of scenery, fucking PAGERS?? I have been reading fanfic for a DECADE and i have NEVER seen anything like it outside published BOOKS.
@MystiqueWaves, August 5, 2022
Other fans countered that this new iteration pre-dated OFMD, and that rather than being truly revolutionary it was a natural evolution of the format.
Some fans argued that "analog social media AU" (or "AMAU") was a contradiction in terms. Others are the opinion that these are a resurgence of epistolary or mixed-media stories:
[@amuseoffyre]: I was thinking the other day that the SMAU popularity has a long legacy. 20 years ago, there was The Shoebox Project, which was like super-mega-concentrated SMAU, only set in the Marauders era of HP-world, so made up of letters and photographs and suchlike.
[@EffingGravity]: A SMAU is like, epistolary fic with fun graphics.
Twitter conversation, Sept 2022
Others highlighted the differences:
SMAUs remind me of epistolary stories, but in a revolutionary new way for the 21st century, and with the added bonus of being able for readers to respond to it in real time? amazing.
@xray_vex to @faeeebaeee, Aug 5, 2022
It’s basically transmedia storytelling but already in one place and neatly curated for the reader to immerse themselves. It removes the scavenger hunt part of transmedia and the prose parts are subverting the “pretend it’s real at all cost” aspect that’s often used.
It removes barriers from the genre while still keeping the main excitement of transmedia.
@yssmiads reply to @MystiqueWaves, Aug 5, 2022
Reader Insert SMAUs
[Anonymous]: Bubbly enthusiastic reader texting bench trio? The reader couldn't sleep so they text their best friends to play Minecraft with them at 2am. And bench trio saying "no go to bed >:(" bubbly cute stuff!
anon Tumblr request
The request was fulfilled via several images showing an unnamed reader texting various Dream SMP characters.
As SMAUs became more popular, they also attracted more criticism.
Some argued that they were generally too Western-centric or lacked diversity more generally, and that they were prone to OOC-ness:
SMAU’s are really weird!!! They’ll be talking in aave and using gifs and I’m just like why?? Also why is the storyline iPhone messages, most people in Japan use something like Kakoatalk😭😭
[savnofilter]: LMAO im so glad peoole agree sisjjss i hate smaus sm. and yes!! apple is only big in the U.S so its funny that they use iphone format. its western influence that makes everyone think seeing the blue text bubbles are superior. [...]
savnofilter reply to anon ask, Aug 2021
[Anonymous]: Ngl I really hate SMAU because. They're not diverse at all. It's always a fem reader. I'm all for fem, male, whatever readers. But the thing is, on top of no diversity, they're all so formulaic and it gets really annoying and a lot of the time the characters (imo) are OOC. As a Transmasc nb, I just wanna see some writing for people in the lgbt and more POC readers yk?
[savnofilter]: YES YES YES. and i think the problem is that the reason why i dont do smaus myself is because you kinda need to understand how the character really talks to make text conversations. it ends up reading real choppy and inaccurate.
[peachiimilquetea]: i hate the ones that use emojis and meme references to the extreme like you really think inumaki is texting people and saying "yas hunty boots the house down 😍🥺🕺🏻🥵✌🏾"
savnofilter reply to anon ask & notes, Aug 2021
This was a particularly prevalent argument in reader SMAUs, to the point that fans created guides to making them more inclusive.
- The Dark Lord's Blog (Harry Potter), April 2007
- Pokemon Go AU by hermiione (Game of Thrones), October 2016
- the delinquents and social media (The 100), December 2016
- Q. A. B by jihnari (Boku No Hero Academia) 2020-2021
- this account's tweets are protected (Persona 5) by alsahm, benetnash, 2018
- richonne christmas au by margaretrhees (The Walking Dead), Dec 25 2017 - Instagram posts
- Instagram profiles, Various characters by adeoetregina (Riverdale), Jan 2018
- stormpilot Instagram AU, Archived version (Star Wars)
- Avengers Instagram AU, Archived version by aboutstark (MCU)
AUs on Twitter
- BTS Outcast, January 2018
- doofenperry twitter au!!!, March 2018
- squidbob twitter au by RATDAD420 (Spongebob Squarepants), March 2018
- spideychelle social media AU (MCU Spider-man), April 2018
- Miyusawa social media!AU, model Miyuki, barista Sawamura (Diamond no Ace), September 2018
- seamless Kiribaku cosplayers AU (Boku no Hero Academia), April 2019
- jjp text social media au- college au (JJ Project), August 2019
- Turtle Creek (IT), January 2020
- The Runners AU  by richietozxer (IT, started April 2020)
- Golden (Avatar: The Last Airbender), December 2020
- Piña Coladas  by faeeebaeee (OFMD 'analog' SMAU, started June 2022)
- Liquid Gold by perkynurples (OFMD, on Twitter & reposted on AO3, started Aug 2022)
- horror the explorer by filmfics (BTS on Twitter, Jul 8, 2018 - Jul 16, 2018
A "Canon" Example
Meta & Further Reading
- What's a Social Media AU? by mashazart, Aug 26 2019
- Has anyone written any good meta about the rise of Twitter social media AUs and how that differs from chatfics and other methods of storytelling by @mashazart
- Who is @FlirtAUs?
- BTS Horror Fanfic 'Outcast' Goes Viral on Twitter Thanks to ARMYs
- Fans on Twitter Are Creating a New Kind of Story You’ve Never Seen Before, Vivian Lam, published May 28, 2021 on ElectricLiterature.com
Links & Resources
- What's a Social Media AU? by mashazart, Aug 26 2019
- Fans on Twitter Are Creating a New Kind of Story You’ve Never Seen Before, Vivan Lam, May 28, 2021 on ElectricLiterature.com
- @eurythmix_ quote tweet, replying to @MystiqueWaves, Aug 5, 2022
- @MystiqueWaves twitter thread, August 5, 2022
- @amuseoffyre, Sept 24, 2022
- @xray_vex twitter reply to @faeeebaeee, Aug 5, 2022
- @yssmiads, Aug 5, 2022
- anon Tumblr request to streaming-yn, March 2022
- anonymous ask to Savnofilter, Aug 2 2021
- savnofilter reply to anon ask & notes on Tumblr, Aug 2, 2021
- How to make your social media au inclusive guide by @thepixelelf, posted to Tumblr on Dec 24, 2020