|Abbreviation(s):||HP, SS/PS [Harry Potter and the Sorceror's/Philosopher's Stone], CoS [Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets], PoA [Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban], GoF [Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire], OotP [Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix], HBP [Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince], DH [Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]|
|Creator:||Joanne K. (J. K.) Rowling (1965-)|
|Date(s):||1997-2007 (books published); 2001-2011 (films released)|
|Medium:||book, film adaptations|
|Country of Origin:||UK|
|External Links:||Harry Potter wiki, JK Rowling's site|
|Click here for related articles on Fanlore.|
Harry Potter has also been adapted into movies by Warner Bros. The first six films were released between 2001 and 2009. The final book, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, was made into two films and released in November 2010 and July 2011.
See also Timeline of Harry Potter Fandom.
The Harry Potter Phenomenon
- The thing about Harry Potter is that, honestly, no matter what anyone would like to say or argue about the writing quality, the popularity, the way she kind of can't help but fuck with her fans a little (which I personally love, by the way), etc., the one fact remains that the books do something.
- When you go to see a movie in the theater, half the fun is sitting in with a bunch of strangers experiencing the film together. Usually it's for the first time. It's almost like a religious experience at times.
- Books aren't like that. They're solitary. They're private. These are two different approaches to worship, if you will.
- But Harry Potter makes the private occasionally public. This is what I find truly awesome. 
The Harry Potter fandom presence online is massive. On FanFiction.Net it still (as of 2013) has more posted works than any other fandom. Het, slash and gen are all popular, although femslash is less common. J.K. Rowling is supportive of fan activities; she has given her blessing for fanfiction and gives awards for her favorite fansites .
Fandom has embraced myriad forms of fan activities, such as fanfiction, fanart, fanvids, conventions, podcasts, cosplay, knitting, wizard rock, quidditch, wikis, discussion forums, etc. While the canon was still open, speculating about future plot developments was also widely popular. Hot topics included which ships were going to happen in canon (Harry/Hermione vs. Ron/Hermione) and whether Severus Snape was loyal to Lord Voldemort, Albus Dumbledore, or just himself. During the long wait for the next novel, some theories became quite fanciful.
Indeed, the fandom is so large and diversified that fans in one corner may have no idea what is happening in another corner. This balkanization is often deliberate.
Anime/Manga Fandom vs. Media Fandom
It has been suggested that a large number of Harry Potter fans got into fanfiction, fanart, and even fandom in general through anime and manga fandoms rather than through Western media fandoms. This is hypothesized to have had a stylistic effect on fanworks and contributed to a lower overall age than in some other Western fandoms. It has also been suggested that Harry Potter fandom has an unusually high proportion of fans who have never been in a fandom before, i.e. was a threshold fandom.
Shipping, Slashing, and Arguing about Canon
With such a large cast of characters, HP also has a large number of potential pairings to ship. Many ships are popular enough to have multiples archives, fests, or Livejournal communities devoted to them; some ships have so much fannish infrastructure and so little crossover with other ships that in practice they act as separate fandoms.
Shipwars and debates over which pairings count as canon are common in many fandoms; however, Harry Potter fandom is particularly notable for the large proportion of fans who supported pairings as canon that were later proven not to be. These included Harry/Hermione (see also Harmonians) and Remus/Sirius, among others. The latter is especially unusual for being a same-sex pairing.
See also List of Harry Potter Pairing Names.
HP fanfic is incredibly diverse and can be classified by character generation or time period, as well as by gen, het, or slash. There are stories about Harry's parents' generation at school or during the first war with Voldemort, the survivors of the war, Harry and his peers at school, Harry and his peers as adults, and the next generation of characters who are briefly mentioned in the epilogue of the seventh novel. Still older generations have been explored in stories: Dumbledore, Voldemort, Grindlewald, and some of the Hogwarts teachers. Founders Fic plays with the original Hogwarts founders (Godric Gryffindor, Helga Hufflepuff, Rowena Ravenclaw, and Salazar Slytherin), who were alive during the Middle Ages. Finally, cross-generational ship fic, as well as not so shippy fic, is popular.
HP fanfic can also be sorted by the era in which it was written. Before the seventh book was published and canon closed, the period following the publishing of each new book represented a new wave of fanfic with new genres, tropes, and canon interpretation. The three-year summer between the fourth and fifth book saw a vast increase in the size of HP fandom and, consequently, its creative output. Starting with the fifth book, major recurring characters died in each subsequent book, forcing fans of those characters to decide whether to write canon-compliant stories, bring the character back to life, or simply ignore canon.
Given the time span covered in the books, HP "futurefic" is relative. Many stories were written about the second war with Voldemort before it took place in canon. A large body of work featuring aged-up versions of Harry and his peers appeared long before the final book was published, but the epilogue, which showed Harry at age 36, jossed most of these. A story written in 2005 about Harry and Draco raising a kid is very different from a story written in 2007 about Harry and Draco's canonical children.
More information about het and slash stories can be found in the articles on specific pairings.
Little Black Dresses
Various characters have been described as the HP fandom Little Black Dress, including Severus Snape, Sirius Black, Remus Lupin, and others.
Tropes & Subgenres
- Severitus (trope)
- Wizarding Politics
- Epilogue? What Epilogue?
- Re-sorting fic
- Lie Low At Lupin's
Harry Potter fan fiction appeared mainly in the form on online fan fiction. Based on the timing of the books and movies (post-Internet) as well as the fact that JK Rowling was protective of her intellectual property, printed fanzines were not the norm. However a small number of fanzines - gen, het and slash, were printed. In addition to traditional fanzines, Harry Potter also created a small but thriving amount of doujinshi 'fanzines' in both English and Japanese. The presence of a large number of anime and manga fans most likely also contributed to the wider acceptance of doujinshi fanzines.
For a list of Harry Potter fanzines on Fanlore, see: List of Harry Potter Fanzines.
- Main article: Harry Potter Art
Individual HP fanart is often located on DeviantArt, where there are many groups dedicated to characters and ships (for example, the Draco x Ginny Club, or the Ron/Pansy Club), though some people prefer LJ and its ilk. There are also a number of individual websites and blogs, hosted privately by fan-artists (such as GoldSeven, which features the art of Jenny Dolfen). Many fansites and archives also have fanart galleries, such as MuggleNet and FictionAlley.
- HP Fringeart
- Pornish Pixies
- hpart (link)
- HP SmArt (link)
- HP Art Daily
- HP Art Xchange (link)
Harry Potter fandom had a significant presence on yahoo groups but, like other fandoms, was affected by the removal of adult groups from the yahoo groups search directory in 2001. Many groups dwindled or were deleted after the majority of their members moved to LiveJournal.
Some significant lists, past and present, include:
- Armchair Slash - Harry/Draco
- WIKTT (When I Kissed The Teacher) - Snape/Hermione
Other slash themed mailing lists:
- Canis Major - Sirius/Harry
- Draco X Harry - Draco/Harry
- Gardener's Delight (Longbottom slash)
- GeorgeandFred - Fred and George Twincest
- Glasses Reflect - Harry and James Potter slash
- Harry and Draco - Harry/Draco
- Harry and Ron -- Harry/Ron
- Harry Potter Mpreg - Mpreg
- HarryXLucius - Harry/Lucius
- HP BDSM - BDSM Harry Potter themes
- HP Fic Recs - a rec mailing list
- Hp/DM BDSM
- Lockhart Fics - fanfic focusing on the character of Gilderoy Lockhart
- Lucius_and_Remus - Lucius/Remus
- lupin_snape_slash - Snape/Lupin
- Mortal Moon Fest - Harry/Remus Fuh-Q-Fest
- Mpreg - MPREG
- ronslash - Ron Weasley slash
- siriusblack_severussnape_slash - Snape or Sirius or Remus slash pairings
- See also: Category:Harry Potter Mailing Lists
By the end of 2002, many Harry Potter fans had migrated to Livejournal. Many of the older HP LJ communities first saw significant traffic in early 2003.
A partial list of Harry Potter journaling communities can be found at Category:Harry Potter Communities. The list overlaps with other kinds of Harry Potter fan communities.
In 2005, a master list of Harry Potter LJ communities was posted to newbieguide, an introduction LJ community for newcomers to Livejournal. It can be seen here. FanHistory.com also has a list of Harry Potter LJ communities on or around 2006 that can be seen here. Fans would often list their favorite LJ communities such as Beren's list in 2003 here, perle9240's 2006 list here,, slinkhard's 2006 list by pairing, or Maddy Riddle's undated list here.
- hp-ficathons (link) - list of challenges, fest or ficathons in the HP fandom on LJ
- hp-masterlists (link) - A searchable resource for finding Master Lists to fests, challenges, exchanges, big bangs, etc. in the Harry Potter fandom.
- HP100 - drabble community on LJ
- hpslash (defunct)
- Parry Hotter
- Weasley Slash
- Crack Broom -- long-running multi-ship recs community
When LiveJournal began deleting journals and communities that featured underage sex in 2007 a number of Harry Potter communities were affected as well, such as the popular Pornish Pixies. As a result a portion of the Harry Potter fandom (especially Harry/Snape fans) moved to other journaling platforms such as JournalFen and InsaneJournal, where they could continue their practice without fearing oppression from corporate entities.
The main Harry/Snape fest Snarry Games moved to InsaneJournal for the 2008 round of the Games. Even after LiveJournal reinstated some of the deleted journals and people slowly started to move back, Snarry Games remained on IJ.
[This spawned communities like X and Y and Z on JournalFen &c.]
[Members of Harry Potter fandom responded to the persecution by A, B, C]
Fan-Run Conventions (fan cons)
- Nimbus (2003)
- The Witching Hour (2005)
- Lumos (2006) 
- Phoenix Rising  (2007)
- Prophesy (2007)
- Sectus (2007)
- Portus (2008)
- Terminus (2008) 
- Accio  (2008)
- Azkatraz (2009)
- Infinitus (2010)
- Lubricus  (2011)
- Aeternitas  (2011)
- Ascendio  (2012)
Fests & Exchanges
Harry Potter has had more than a hundred exchanges and fests. Some continue year after year. Some are a single event. Either way, there have been and will continue to be a huge number of Fests & Exchanges in Harry Potter fandom.
There are Big Bangs and holiday exchanges and every type of fest from Death Eaters to Gen and everything in between.
Check out the List of Harry Potter Fests & Exchanges and feel free to add whatever fests or exchanges that are missing.
- Daily Snitch
- HD Prophet (Harry/Draco)
- HGSS Digest (Snape/Hermione}
- Hogwarts Today
- Potter Prophet
- SnapeNews (Severus Snape)
- SSHP Prophet (Harry/Snape)
For a more comprehensive list, see List of Harry Potter Podcasts.
- Great moments are always best with pretty girls. (Accessed June 30, 2010)
- With 642,825 fics, HP has three times as many fics posted as Twilight, the second most popular book fandom. To compare: The most popular anime fandom, Naruto, has 331,897; the most popular television fandom, Glee, has 94,065; the most popular game fandom, Kingdom Hearts, has 69,063. Numbers taken from Fanfiction.net on 19 May 2013.
- Rowling backs Potter fan fiction, BBC 27 May 2004. Accessed October 2008
- J.K. Rowling Official Site
- The Great Snape Debate - Borders Exclusive
- Sorted, get it?
- Snakes and Ladders by Alvira. Posted: 2005-01-24 (Accessed 4 April 2011)
- "Coda To An Epilogue: Twenty Years Later, Or The Kids Are All Right" by Maya, posted August 2007.
- (hpart WebCite)
- pagewww.webcitation.org/67vV9QBad hpsmart WebCite front page); WebCite profile page.
- WebCite hp-art-xchange
- WebCite for the LJ newbieguide.
- WebCite for beren writes LJ community list.
- WebCite for perale9240's Harry Potter LJ list.
- webciste for slinkhard's list.
- WebCite for Maddy's LJ community list.