Cassandra Claire

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Name: Cassandra Claire
Alias(es): epicyclical, thegraybook, Cassie Claire, Cassandra Clare
Type: fan writer (retired), professional author
Fandoms: Harry Potter, Lord of the Rings
Other: writes profic as Cassandra Clare
cassandraclare at LiveJournal
cassandraclare at Tumblr
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Cassandra Claire was a fan and fan writer in the Harry Potter and The Lord of the Rings fandoms. She now writes professionally as Cassandra Clare. [1]

She is often considered to be one of the Harry Potter fandom's first Big Name Fans after gaining popularity (and notoriety) for her epic fanfiction series The Draco Trilogy and its resulting plagiarism controversy.

The majority of her fanfiction was written as the fandom was rapidly gaining popularity and played a major role in shaping Draco Malfoy's fandom characterization.

She was formerly a member of the group of Harry Potter some fans collectively referred to as "The Inner Circle."

Outside the Harry Potter fandom, Cassandra Claire wrote The Very Secret Diaries, which was wildly popular in The Lord of the Rings fandom.

Cassandra Claire has since retired from fandom and taken her fanfiction offline as she launched her profic career. She is now the author of several bestselling YA novels.


Notable Fanworks

For a complete list of Claire's fanworks, see Cassandra Claire/Fanworks.


See LaptopGate.

See The Cassandra Claire Plagiarism Debacle.

Over the years various fannish circles noted with distaste the similarities between portions of The Draco Trilogy and various science fiction television and print sources, resulting in flare-ups of plagiarism accusation (and debate, and wank) on a regular basis between 2001 and 2006. Locations of this discussion include the Glass Onion mailing list,, and several HP venues.

On June 22, 2001, Cassandra Claire was blacklisted from FanFiction.Net for plagiarism.

In 2006, Avocado wrote a lengthy exposé of the plagiarism in Claire's writing for Bad Penny, providing evidence of (and a venue for) many more observed instances of plagiarism than had previously been counted.[2] This effort also chronicled the timeline of obfuscations and rationalizations Claire provided when readers queried her about unsourced and uncredited quoting. See The Cassandra Claire Plagiarism Debacle.

Claire has also been accused of profiting from fandom [3] (see LaptopGate) as well as cyberbullying other fans and taking fandom squabbles offline.[4]

Kenyon Copyright and Trademark Violation Lawsuit

On the 5th of February 2016, American sci-fi and fantasy author Sherrilyn Kenyon sued Clare for alleged copyright and trademark infringement, seeking damages for the same and an injunction against Clare publishing any further works in her profic Shadowhunter series.[5] In the suit, Kenyon alleges that Clare's series is so similar to Kenyon's own Dark Hunter novels that Clare's publisher once mistakenly printed 100,000 copies of a Shadowhunter book referencing the DarkHunter logo on its cover.[6] Kenyon also alleges that Clare originally used Kenyon's trademark term 'darkhunter' in her works to refer to her protagonists, and then continued to use and eventually give great prominence to the similar term 'shadowhunter' despite assurances she would not.[7]

Fannish Retirement

In early 2005, shortly before announcing that she had sold her profic series The Mortal Instruments, Claire deleted her NC-17 rated fanfiction from all sites except the Restricted Section.[8]

Claire announced that she would be taking all her fanfiction offline in an author's note at the end of Draco Veritas, posted in early August 2006:

"VERY IMPORTANT NOTICE:After this last chapter has been up for a while, all my fanfiction on Fiction Alley and elsewhere will be deleted. If you would like to be able to read the Draco Trilogy again in the future, I recommend that you download it from this web page (each part is available as a separate .pdf file complete with references and illustrations) so that you'll have it after it's removed from the"[9]

Claire's work was removed from fic archives and mailing lists in mid-August.[10] The Draco Trilogy, A Lot to Be Upset About, and Something Impossible were made available for download as PDF files from August 2006 through March 2007.[11] With the announcement, fans scrambled to save and share copies of Claire's other works before (and after) they were deleted.[9]

Profic Career

Claire published her first profic novel, City of Bones, in 2007 under the name "Cassandra Clare".[12] It is part of an urban fantasy series known as The Mortal Instruments, which shares the same title as a Ron/Ginny fanfic she wrote in 2004 (but is otherwise unrelated). As of 2013, Claire has published eight books and has several more in the works, and a film adaption of City of Bones was released on August 21, 2013.

Though Mortal Instruments and the Draco Trilogy do not share a plot, some fans believe that Clary and Jace are based on Claire's fanon versions of Ginny and Draco. Additionally, one passage from Draco Veritas, which tells the story of Draco's pet falcon, appears word-for-word in City of Bones; the only differences are minor punctuation changes and the amendment of "Draco" to "the boy" (now referring to Jace).

Wank about the fan did occur when the published author put out her first novel, which involved both media fandom and science fiction fandom, but in general the allegations of plagiarism and bad behavior against the fan are not well known among people who interact with the published author.[13][14]

Further Reading

As with all links, please consider the source.


  1. "Emma:... And you are publishing under the name Cassandra Claire, correct? Cassie: Without the "i". Emma: Without the "i", okay. So now people will know how to look for you on and that kind of thing. Cassie: Yes." -- from Slashcast Insider Interview with Cassie Claire
  2. The Cassandra Claire Plagiarism Debacle [1] in Journalfen's bad_penny community, posted 2006-08-04 by avocado. Accessed 9 December 2008. WebCites: Post 1, Post 2, Post 3, Post 4, Post 5, and Post 6.
  3. In this tumblr post, for instance, which cites several other examples (links near the bottom).
  4. For example, see Sinéad (finnyrachel)'s October 2012 Tumblr post; reference link and Aja's Me & CC; or, BNFs do not have more fun (2006, updated August 2011); reference link. Reblog; reference link and the Oh No They Didn't blog recap; reference link of the Tumblr post (now removed), which detailed the fan's recollection of Cassie using IP addresses to call her LJ critics on the phone or report them to the police. The Tumblr also described the fan's own experience nearly getting kicked out of university after her boyfriend used someone else's login to troll the "Harry Potter for GrownUps" (HP4GU) Yahoo mailing list, and she was blamed for it. Sinéad suggested that Cassie either fabricated the transcripts or falsely confessed while pretending to be her:
    I immediately got the best tech lawyer in Boston and saw all the documents the HP4GU people sent to BU- AngieJ/Cassandra Claire/the male mod sending them chat transcripts of me admitting to the hacking and I honestly said that I had talked to AngieJ and the Male Mod as recently as February but I’ve never admitted to hacking (several of my friends said that it wasn’t my ordinary chat behavior, including my mom) and frankly, I hadn’t talked to Cassie in PM for several months prior to February.

    I brought ALL my documents- Cassie’s Livejournal entries condemning me (her behavior towards me, at the time, was atrocious and uncalled for) and other documentation, etc. And, ironically, it was these exact documents which completely cleared me of hacking because she basically wrote her intent in the comments section to get me kicked out of university as payback.

    However, others contest the extent of Cassie's involvement in the incident: see one HP4GU mod's 2006 version of events (reference link), as well as Aja's (reference link) and Heidi's (reference link) responses to Sinéad's Tumblr post.

  5. Cassandra Clare sued for copyright infringement, The Bookseller February 9, 2016.
  6. SHERRILYN KENYON V. CASSANDRA CLARE, a/k/a JUDITH RUMELT, a/k/a JUDITH LEWIS and DOES 1 through 50, inclusive, February 5, 2016.
  7. Copyright Clash Over Demon-Fighting Stories, Courthouse News Service, February 08, 2016.
  8. Her NC-17 fics were linked on the front page of her LiveJournal through February 2005. The links were still up as of February 26, 2005, but deleted as of March 1, 2005. She wrote in March 2006 (WebCite):
    "I took down all of my NC-17 fic about a year and a half ago because there'd been some legal trouble in fandom with people's NC-17 fic being accessed by readers under 17, so I deleted them all. There's still some on the restricted section, which is very careful about age limits and passwords"
    Claire also changed her Restricted Section account name from "Cassandra Claire" to "epicyclical", and only three of her stories were archived there (see Restricted Section: Authors C, archived 03 July 2004 by the Wayback Machine; WebCite). She announced The Mortal Instruments series on April 6, 2005 (see this thread at ParadigmOfUncertainty; WebCite).
  9. 9.0 9.1 Looking for Draco Trilogy/Cassandra Claire's Fanfic? at FictionAlley Park. 06 August 2006. (Accessed 08 April 2013.); (reference link)
  10. ParadigmOfUncertainty post #27171: Re: PoU Draco Series, quoting a message from Cassandra Claire made on her Yahoo! group. 17 August 2006. (Accessed 08 April 2013; WebCite.)
  11. (Archived 22 March 2007 by the Wayback Machine.)
  12. Wikipedia page about Cassandra Clare Accessed December 10, 2008; See the (reference link for the Dec 2008 version of the page. Since then, the page has gone through significant edits including removing a list of CC's other fan fiction titles as being "unsourced". See this Wikipedia entry from Dec 2014; WebCite).
  13. John Scalzi. Crimes of Fanfic. Whatever blog post 8 August 2006. (Accessed 10 December 2008.); (reference link). See comments by Barry Goldblatt (August 10, 2006 12:23 AM)--Her sale has nothing to do with her fanfic reputation. Her publisher doesn't have a clue what fanfic is. The book was bought off the strength of the writing, plain and simple.--and Justine Larbalestier (August 12, 2006 04:51 PM). Larbalestier reported asking a roomful of publishing people, If you were publishing a book and it was revealed to you that the author had been well-known as a fanwriter who had plagiarised some of their fan writings how would you respond? The responses were either: "What's fanfic?" or, "Well, it's fanfic isn't that all plagiarism?".
  14. In conjunction with the film's release in 2013, a few non-fan online media outlets reported on the plagiarism incident (at Flavorwire = (reference link) and The Daily Dot) (reference link), and sometimes wildly exaggerated rumors circulated among Twitter users. Business as usual.
  15. WebCite.