The Lord of the Rings
|Name:||The Lord of the Rings|
|Abbreviation(s):||LotR, LOTR; FOTR [Fellowship of the Ring], TTT [The Two Towers], ROTK [Return of the King]|
|Creator:||John Ronald Reuel (J. R. R.) Tolkien (1892-1973)|
|Date(s):||1954-1955 (originally published in three volumes, The Fellowship of the Ring, The Two Towers, The Return of the King)|
|Country of Origin:||England, UK
Subpages for The Lord of the Rings:
|External Links:||Encyclopedia of Arda, Tolkien Gateway, Council of Elrond, WarOfTheRing.net, The One Ring.net (TORn)|
|Click here for related articles on Fanlore.|
Letters to and from Tolkien after publication show that many readers became fans very quickly, asking questions about Middle-earth, the characters, and so on.. In the 1960s, many people involved in the hippie counter-culture found resonance in LOTR, and it became not just a best-seller, but a part of the generational identity. Groups of Tolkien admirers formed, including the Mythopeic society, The Tolkien Society, and shorter-lived gatherings, such as the Tolkien Fellowship at Michigan State University.
Many words invented or adapted by Tolkien have become part of fannish vocabulary, including moot, mathom, pipeweed and smial. Fans used LOTR and Tolkien's later publications including the Silmarillion to teach themselves various of Tolkien's Elvish and Dwarvish languages and scripts.  
The novel Bored of the Rings, a parody by the co-founders of National Lampoon, was published in 1969, suggesting that anti-fans were also quick to seize on the book.
Tolkien's writings inspired hundreds, perhaps thousands of musical compositions, from classical to death metal, perhaps most famously by Led Zeppelin.  Rush's Geddy Lee and Motorhead's Lenny Kilmister both appeared in the Ringers documentary, talking about Tolkien's influence on them. In 2006, the Lord of the Rings Musical played in Toronto, moving to London for 2007-2008, but was not considered a success. 
- Tolkien's songs & poems set to tunes
Aca-fen (academic fans) and Academic Analysis of LOTR
- University professors and other academics became enthusiastic about Tolkien and his works and began writing literary papers on them. Some were granted access to Tolkien's unpublished papers, with a resulting conflict between them and those who were not..
- other stuff here?
- lit crit and college classes?
- Semi-pro fans like Michael Martinez
The Line Between Tolkien Fandom and "Serious" Scholarly Studies
Partly because Tolkien himself was a university professor, some of the most enthusiastic fans are those writing the serious scholarly works about him. Tom Shippey, who for several years occupied Tolkien's chair at the University of Leeds and is on the editorial board of Tolkien Studies, is among Tolkien's most enthusiastic fans and himself a professional fantasy author.
Some feel it lies with those who embrace the Hobbit and Lord of the Rings trilogy but have little awareness of Tolkien's lesser and posthumously published works of both fiction and non-fiction.
Tolkien's View on Fandom
He wrote of a "deplorable cultus" of fandom, and stated that ""Many young Americans are involved in the stories in a way that I'm not".  He was referring to the "Go Go Gandalf" and "Frodo Lives" buttons and stickers that had cropped up on many American college campuses.
Peter S. Beagle wrote that he'd once told the Professor about a young man who "thought he was Frodo," and Tolkien said "I've ruined their lives."
- online fandom started early, by 1993: alt.fan.tolkien and rec.arts.books.tolkien
- 1992 bibliography
- Languages and Elves
- The Thain's Book (LotR encyclopedia
- The Tolkien Society
- Encyclopedia of Arda
- Tolkien Gateway
- Council of Elrond
- The One Ring.net (TORn)
(see also Category:Lord of the Rings Archives)
- The zine Triode #18 (May 1960) contains a letter from J. R. R. Tolkien in response to Arthur Weir's essay "No Monroe in Lothlorien". Weir speculates on things like locations and casting for a film version (the "Monroe" refers to Marilyn, as Weir is vehemently against any "super-mammary Americans" in any of the female roles; he wanted Greta Garbo for Galadriel). Tolkien responds that based on his experience with scripts and 'story-line' he feels that "only an overwhelming financial reward could possibly compensate an author for the horrors of the conversion of such a tale into film." (Hammond and Scull, The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide - Chronology, p. 557).
Rankin-Bass: Hobbit and Return of the King: Animated television movies
Ralph Bakshi: The Lord of the Rings Animated film, only the first part was produced
- Wikipedia 1978 film page
- Ralph Bakshi site, Lord of the Rings page.
- Hobbits on Film: Ralph Bakshi's unfairly maligned Lord of the Rings By Glenn Gaslin, Slate, Wednesday, Nov. 21, 2001
The Lord of the Rings films (2001-2003)
A huge amount of fandom activity is based on these films
The main web site: The One Ring.net (TORn)
Before and during filming
- April 2000 TheOneRing.net started up (my guess, based on their preview page)
- fans worried beforehand, secrecy made it worse .
Fan response to films
- yes line parties for FOTR, inspired by Star Wars 
- FOTR comes out, the hoyay is fabulous, and Arwen gets Glorfindel's rescue
- Lord of the Rings FPF fanfiction ramps up
- New Zealand fandom site tours start?
- Extended DVDs with Fellowship of the Cast and commentaries
- Actor slash: RPS! much shipping! Lotrips
- Two Towers, definitely line parties
- TORn party #1
- Collectormanias and Comic Cons, Ring*Con and cons all over the world
- ROTK comes out, yet more line parties, premieres, most of New Zealand
- TORn party #2
- Victoria Bitter and the Bit Of Earth scandal
- a zillion Oscars
Continuing Fandom Activity
- yet more conventions
- trilogy showings
- 2005 Ringers documentary
- Middle Earth News, which comes out three times a week, includes information about book fandom, movie fandom, and fanworks, both FPF and RPF (Lotrips).
- movie of The Hobbit to come
The Lord of the Rings has inspired a very large and creative fandom. LOTR creativity long predates the Internet, but many thousands of new fanworks, based on either the book or the films, can be found online.
- LotR_FanArt group on Yahoo
- Photo manipulations or manips - The Theban Band (includes naked men and slash)
The two broadest categories of fanfiction are FPF (fictional people fiction), about characters from the books and movies, and RPF (real people fiction), also known as LOTR RPS or Lotrips, stories written about the actors. Although some archives, communities, and challenges include both and some fans read and write both, many fans consider them to be separate fandoms.
- Middle Earth News, LiveJournal announcement community begun in October 2004, formerly only for news about FPF fandom but includes some RPF news since April, 2008.
- Lord of the Rings Fan Fiction Recs
- Sons of Gondor
- list of Tolkien LJ communities - moderately active & focused on Tolkien, rather than actors compiled in 2004
While the Lord of the Rings movie fandom is primarily an online fandom, it has seen a fair share of print fanzines along with a robust amount of Doujinshi. You can find listings under List of Lord of the Rings Fanzines as well as by clicking on the Category:Lord of the Rings Zines category and the LOTR Doujinshi Category.
Following the Peter Jackson films, making fanvids was a popular fan activity. Examples:
- Different Light | Lord of the Rings Fanvids (defunct multifandom website)
- Middle Earth Role-Playing Game (also known as RPGs)
- Tolkien computer games listing
- Wikipedia:Works inspired by J. R. R. Tolkien#Games
- Dungeons and Dragons - may or may not be directly inspired by LOTR
- Wikipedia:The Lord of The Rings
- Letters of JRR Tolkien
- Wikipedia:Tolkien fandom#1960s USA
- Personal communication, 2008-10-12
- Elvish Linguistic Fellowship
- Ardalambion (Tolkien's invented languages), The Tolkien Language List
- For example, see The Tolkien Ensemble and Johan de Meij's Symphony No. 1 "Lord of the Rings"
- Works Inspired by JRR Tolkien - Music
- Wikipedia:The Lord of the Rings (musical)
- Quoted in Time Magazine, 2002-12-02
- The Fellowship of the Ring by Erik Davis, Wired, October 2001.
- Announcement that RPF news will be included, March 27, 2008. (Accessed October 24, 2008.)