|Abbreviation(s):||SPN, occasionally SN|
|Creator:||Eric Kripke, Robert Singer, Sera Gamble|
|Country of Origin:||USA|
|External Links:||Supernatural on imdb|
|Click here for related articles on Fanlore.|
Supernatural is an American television drama that follows the nomadic lives of brothers Sam and Dean Winchester as they travel around the United States in their black 1967 Chevy Impala. They hunt down and vanquish supernatural foes like ghosts, demons, and other mythical creatures. The Winchesters were raised in the hunting lifestyle by their father, who spent years seeking revenge against the demon responsible for his wife's death in 1983.
Each episode of Supernatural has a monster of the week theme with a self-contained plot, as well as a season-long narrative arc that deals with the repercussions of the Winchesters' hunting lifestyle. In later seasons (5-9) the seasons have evolved to be more about angels and demons than other creatures.
- Having Sam and Dean solve a case on the set of a B-movie, 2x18 "Hollywood Babylon"
- The show acknowledging fanfic writers and the existence of Wincest, 5x01 "Sympathy for the Devil"
- Featuring LARPing, 5x09 "The Real Ghostbusters" and 8x11 "LARP and the Real Girl"
- A Supernatural convention, 5x09 "The Real Ghostbusters"
- Having Sam and Dean get stuck inside TV land versions of their own and other shows, 5x08 "Changing Channels"
- The brothers being temporarily transported to an alternate reality where people think they are actors named Jensen Ackles and Jared Padalecki who star on a television show named 'Supernatural', 6x15 "The French Mistake"
The Supernatural Fandom
The Supernatural fandom has a large and active presence on LiveJournal, including a daily newsletter  and many communities  dedicated to discussing the show or celebrating certain characters, pairings, or other aspects. While there are very active discussion groups at TWOP and thousands of stories archived off LJ (with a particularly large number at fanfiction.net), Livejournal has always been the major hub of fanworks-focused fandom for Supernatural. Fic festivals like the various big bangs (SPN J2 Big Bang, Dean/Castiel Big Bang, Supernatural Reverse Big Bang Challenge (link)) have hundreds of stories a year and a look at links tagged with Supernatural on Delicious will return thousands of hits, mostly on LJ. The fandom also hosts multiple separate LiveJournal kink memes: the monthly Supernatural Kink Community (spnkink-meme), the twice-a-year Supernatural Anonymous Kink Meme (Blindfold SPN), spn-hardcore, and knotting-focused take-the-knot.
When fandom began splintering away from LJ as clone sites were built and things like Strikethrough made many fans nervous, Supernatural fandom stayed unmoved for the most part. Strikethrough had very little effect on the fandom, and Supernatural remains notable for having a culture of not flocking the sort of content that often is in other fandoms (SPN mainstays like incest, kink, and RPS). In the early years of the SPN J2 Big Bang, nearly every story was hosted on Livejournal exclusively.
The fandom migration to Dreamwidth has been very small given the relative size of the fandom, and the communities there get very little traffic.
As noted below, the Archive of Our Own had just over 2,000 Supernatural fanworks on March 2010. By August 2011, the AO3 had over 10,000 works in the Supernatural category. By December 2012, the AO3 had over 27,500 works in the Supernatural category. As of February 2014 Archive Of Our Own has over 60,000 Supernatural fanworks; and a year later in January 2015, it has over 92,000 Supernatural fanworks.
The evolution began in 2011. Partly due to the The Great LJ DDOS of 2011, the second of which occurred during the posting period for the 2011 edition of the SPN J2 Big Bang and a round of Blindfold SPN, and partly due to a few BNFs putting their back catalogue of fic on the AO3, the willingness to move fic out of the LJ bubble grew very quickly. In April 2011, during the first DDoS attack on LJ, killabeez wrote If you love us, you'll archive your fic., a plea to the fandom to backup their fic somewhere off LJ.
During the first half of 2011, leonidaslion, a popular and prolific author, moved all her stories to the AO3 and deleted her Livejournals. candle_beck cross-posted all of her work there as well, and other authors followed. Interest among readers in using the archive soared during the summer of 2011 as fans in many fandoms were discovering the pleasures of reading big bang-length fic on e-readers and using the AO3 feature that allows downloads in multiple formats to get them in a couple of clicks.
Supernatural also has an active presence on fanfiction.net, with a large number of stories archived as well as many story community listings for organizing and reccing stories, and SPN discussion forums.
A few Supernatural mailing lists offer episode discussion. While fan fiction is discussed, and on occasion even offered, it usually is gen and het.
There are thriving Wincest and Destiel shipping communities on tumblr, producing fic, meta, gifs and fanart. While some shippers coexist peacefully, the tumblr community is notorious for ship wars and fan-on-fan hate. In addition to the main ships, there are quite a few unusual and uncommon pairings represented on tumblr. Examples include Micifer (Michael/Lucifer), Adamandriel (Adam/Samandriel), Sevin (Sam/Kevin), Crobby (Crowley/Bobby), Drowley (Dean/Crowley) and many more. Supernatural also gained popularity on Tumblr due to the fandom's enormous range of gifs, often tacked on to both fandom-related and non-fandom-related posts as reactions. The fandom's gifs have become so well known that actor Misha Collins referenced them at 2014 DC Con, saying "We have a gif for that."
Many members of fandom contribute to the comprehensive Supernatural Wiki.
Slash, RPF, "Destiel", and "Wincest"
Due perhaps in part to the tight focus of the show on the Winchester brothers, they themselves used to be the fandom's main pairing. This incestuous pairing is commonly known as Wincest, and has occasioned some controversy both within and without the fandom. Some stories and writers portray the relationship dynamic as fundamentally unhealthy and explore the dysfunctional aspects, while others portray their relationship as a more traditional romance, or as some combination of the two.
The introduction of the angel Castiel has lead to the meteoric rise of Destiel. Many fans of this ship are adamant that Destiel will become canon. Destiel has been encouraged by the show with the inclusion of several things: Castiel's trouble understanding personal space around Dean Winchester, the impressive amount of staring that occurs between the two characters, the handprint Castiel marked Dean with after freeing Dean from Hell, and more recently, Dean's proclamation of "I need you, Cas."
The actors who play Sam and Dean also make up the main pairing of Supernatural Real Person Fiction, called J2 and less commonly Padackles (the smooshname for Jared Padalecki and Jensen Ackles). CWRPS features actors from Supernatural interacting with those from other CW Network shows such as Smallville, One Tree Hill and Veronica Mars.
However, the focus on Wincest and J2 as the almost only slash pairings shifted during the run of the fourth season (2008/09), which introduced Castiel (played by Misha Collins), an angel who saves Dean. Dean/Castiel has become more and more popular, while RPS fans started writing stories about Jared/Misha (Mishalecki), Jensen/Misha (Cockles) and "J2M" threesome fics.
Perhaps because there were comparatively few other pairings to choose from and the choice between a main pairing based on incest or RPF is one that many people prefer not to make, Supernatural has a large gen community. A lot of the gen fic (or sometimes Bob fic, stories with a background pairing where the relationship isn't foregrounded) is casefic. Some writers who often write shipfic may also write gen fics.
Het and femslash pairings
There is also a het community, focusing mainly on canon pairings, OFCs, and crossover pairings. Het pairings seen in fanworks include Dean Winchester/Jo Harvelle (canon), John Winchester/Jo Harvelle (non-canon), John/Mary (canon), Sam/Jess (canon), Sam/Ruby (canon) and Dean/Lisa (canon). Briefer canon relationships, such as Sam/Madison, Dean/Cassie and Dean/Anna also appear in some fics, as do non-canon pairings (including femslash ones) that feature Bela Talbot. Sam/Jess/Dean, although rare, may be the most popular FPF M/F/M threesome pairing.
Fanworks focusing on femslash pairings are much more rare than slash, gen, and even het fanworks, but they do exist and thrive in a subset of the fandom. Popular pairings include Anna/Ruby, Charlie/Gilda, Charlie/Jo, Anna/Jo, Bela Talbot/Abaddon, as well as polyamory ships and many others. The femslash community on tumblr organizes periodic fanwork projects like exchanges and bangs, with considerable crossover to feminist projects and campaigns, like those by women4spn. 
The popularity of Supernatural resulted in several fan run conventions specifically devoted to the show. For more, see Supernatural Conventions
There is a large amount of controversy in the Supernatural fandom. Sexism and racism in the source text and the fandom have inspired several imbroglios, especially during Season 3. At the start of season three, some fans felt that the show's tone had shifted, becoming disconcertingly misognynistic; the season-by-season Bitch Watch was an attempt to document this assertion by citing the sudden prevalence of sexist slurs in the source.
Supernatural fans have also been known to fight over whether the actors on the show are stupid, cocaine-addicted, would look better with a few additional pounds, or are paragons of virtue, often resulting in wank, such as the aftermath of Jensenvention and PETJA.
A large portion of Supernatural fan fiction is posted on FanFiction.net and on Livejournal. The spnnewsletter maintains a set of delicious links or tags. As of Jan 2011, almost 40,000 stories have been tagged.
Popular tropes in the fandom include:
- pre-series - stories set during Sam's years at Stanford before Sam and Dean's reunion in the pilot episode, or when Sam and Dean were kids. Some pre-series stories focus on the lives of John Winchester and/or Mary Campbell-Winchester before the boys were born.
- genderswap - fics in which Sam or Dean (or both, or later, especially in human AUs, Castiel) has always been a girl or is temporarily turned into one.
- fuck or die fics - usually caused by a cursed object or a spell.
- raised apart fics - where Sam or Dean (or both) wasn't raised by John Winchester in the hunting life, they meet as teens or adults without realizing they're brothers, and genetic sexual attraction usually takes care of the rest of the plot.
- amnesia fic - usually a curse or spell causes the brothers to forget that they're brothers, but they decide (usually based on evidence of their constant proximity and remaining feelings of affection) that they must be involved and act on it, angst follows.
- curtainfic - Sam and Dean or Dean and Castiel or all of them retire from hunting/stopping apocalypses, temporarily or permanently, and set up house together.
- evil!Sam - usually focused on Sam's demon-given superpowers (prophetic visions, telekinesis, seen in seasons 1 and 2) corrupting him, on antichrist!Sam or Boy King (of Hell) Sam from references during seasons 2 and 3, on (canonically) demon-fucking and blood-drinking Sam from season 4, on Lucifer!Sam (Sam said "yes" to being Lucifer's vessel) from season 5, or on soulless Sam (a.k.a. Robo!Sam) from season 6.
- evil!Dean or demon!Dean - usually based on becoming evil!Sam's (corrupted) Hellish consort, or focused on Dean's time in Hell (where he became a torturer) between season 3 and 4 and Dean not coming back quite "right" from Hell.
- ghostfic - where during one of their brushes with death (usually in the early seasons) Dean or Sam doesn't remain alive or come back from the dead like in canon, but continues hunting with the remaining brother as a ghostly sidekick.
- wingfic - popular even before the arrival of angels on the show.
- angel slash - the arrival of the angel Castiel (and his relatives) in season 4 led to a second major FPF pairing for the fandom, Dean/Castiel. Sam also gets paired with angels (Sam/Gabriel, Sam/Castiel, more rarely Dean/Castiel/Sam, Sam/Lucifer all have adherents). Angel-on-angel slash such as Michael/Lucifer, Castiel/Gabriel, and Castiel/Balthazar is another subgenre.
- soulbonds - a canon reference to Sam and Dean being soul mates, who share the same heaven and Castiel's statement that he shares a "profound bond" with Dean only fueled the already existing fire for soulbonding fic.
- Archive Of Our Own multifandom archive currently in beta run by the Organisation for Transformative Works, nearly 50,000 Supernatural stories. (August 2013)
- A Journey Through Heaven and Hell - a moderated Supernatural fan fiction archive. As of April 2013, the archive has 78 stories with 77 members
- Dean Damage -Fic dedicated to Dean Whumping. As of April 2013, the archive has 417 stories written by 18 authors with over 500 members. No slash or wincest or explicit sex alllowed. The M rating is limited to violence and gore. 
- Ghost Hunters - An automatic upload fanfic archive
- John Winchester Fanfiction Archive - SPN fiction centered around John Winchester. As of A[ril 2013, the site has 8 stories and 10 members
- Sam Dean Slash Archive - An archive which focuses on Sam/Dean and is Wincest-friendly. Over 3,800 fics (Jan. 2015), from 2,600 fics (Feb 2011).
- Sinful Desire - A fanfic archive (Wincest-centric). Also accepts J2. Over 3000 stories (Feb 2011)
- Supernatural-Fanfiction - A three author SPN archive. As of April 2013, it contains approximately 20 stories.
- Supernaturalville: Unscripted Genius - A general fanfic archive and home of the Supernatural Virtual Season. Over 3000 stories (Feb 2011)
- Supernatural Slash. A bare-bones, high quality collection of fics.
- Supernaturally Twisted. A fanfiction archive for cross-overs. As of April 2013, the site has 529 stories by 108 authors and over 4000 members.
- Supernatural Slash - This archive does have a small amount of gen stories as well.
- Winchester Journal - A fic archive and gallery
- Wattpad As of March 2015, Wattpad has over 39,000 Supernatural fics, 302,159 Supernatural chapters/parts uploaded and on average 18.5 million minutes of Supernatural fic read each month. RPF and mature content is allowed on the site.
- Rock Salt And Feathers Fan fiction archive for the pairing Dean/Castiel. Over 500 fics (March 2010); site was offline as of February 2011; Archived copy
- Just Like The Rifle
- Ghost Stories
- Urban Legends
Most Supernatural fan fiction is online. However, a small quantity of fanzines continue to be produced, mainly of the gen variety. In addition to traditional fanzines, Supernatural has also created a thriving amount of doujinshi 'fan produced comics' in both English and Japanese. The bulk of these fanworks contain Wincest with a small smattering of J2 (or RPS). A complete list of Supernatural fanzines and doujinshi can be found at Supernatural/Fanzines.
Rec and Discussion Sites
- The ABCs of Demon Hunting by Gnatkip: the "Supernaturalphabet"
- Alters #6: Supernatural by vito-excalibur: What if Sam and Dean were black?
- Supernopoly; a SPN version of Monopoly by Reveria: link to art.
Supernatural is a fandom with a lot of vids, many focus on the relationship between the two brothers and more often than not angst is a major element.
It was a big vidding fandom from the first; there were four Supernatural vids, all made by major vidders, in the 2006 premieres show at Vividcon the year it premiered:
- God Says Nothing Back by Morgan Dawn
- Ghost Song by Greensilver
- Evening on The Ground by Lithiumdoll
- Seems Like A Long Time by Barkley.
Unfortunately, because there was limited footage at that time, these vids featured many of the same shots: a woman on fire on the ceiling, a car with one broken headlight, a woman in a nurse's outfit, etc. The nuances of these excellent vids were therefore missed by the baffled moderators of that year's Vid Review, Luminosity and Speranza, neither of whom had seen the show at that point and who consequently gave them short shrift. (Luminosity later went on to make some of the most famous vids in the fandom.)
Some of the more popular vids are known for their creative approach to visualize certain themes and ideas. Luminosity's The Fifth Circle for example merges SPN with non-SPN footage to give a better impression of hell and the use of effects is quite stunning.
Other vids are meta commentary on the canon, fanon or fandom of the show. The vid Women's Work drew attention to the simultaneous sexualization of, and aggression towards, women in the source text while Still Alive by counteragent uses images of women from the show to represent fandom/fen and attempts to provide an overview of Supernatural fandom with a focus on Season Three.
- Bricks by Luminosity
- Channel Hopping by ash (a humorous look at the show)
- Fall of Man by Obsessive24
- Grrrindhouse by Danegen
- Low Red Moon by thuviaptarth (a Sam/Ruby character study) (Season 3)
- Ode to a Bitchface by Monkie
- SAIL by ccmrose
- The apocalypse by Deductism
- Seven Nation Army by macho123o91
Where to find Supernatural vids
- Supernatural Vid Livejournal Community
- Supernatural Vid Rec Livejournal Community
- The Impala (Fanvid Archive) (Offline) - a website linking to Supernatural vids
- Supernatural Video Station (offline)
- "The epic love story of Sam and Dean": "Supernatural," queer readings, and the romance of incestuous fan fiction by Catherine Tosenberger. Transformative Works and Cultures Vol 1. This article examines incestuous slash fan fiction produced for the CW television series Supernatural. (2008)
- Kroki Refur's amusing and satirical Ten Expressions picspams of Seasons 1-4.
- How People Really Feel by yourlibrarian (2011)
- Dear Supernatural; archive link by Lisa Schmidt (2011)
- The nonnies made them do it! (Fannish history. SPN. A/B/O), an essay by netweight on the history of the Alpha/Beta/Omega trope in SPN (2013)
- Supernatural‘s Greatest Moments of Meta, by Emily Asher-Perrin at Tor.com (November 14, 2014)
- “Orlando Jones needs to GTFO of our fandom”: Supernatural conventions and gate-keeping; WebCite (2015)
- On the road trip from hell, Melbourne: The Age, 5 January 2006. (Accessed 31 March 2011)
- Meta Episodes page at Supernatural Wiki (Accessed 31 March 2011)
- quote is attributed to gothphyle and first heard at the last Zebracon in 2007. Source: stormheller Never say never - The Link Well, Archived version dated September 17, 2005.
- Supernatural Wins TV Guide Magazine's Fan Favorite Cover Poll accessed 2010-12-18
- SPN Directory
- Fandom page shows 10,978 on August 30, 2011. facetofcathy
- Fandom page shows 27,527 on December 12, 2012. on_verra
- As of 23 July 2010, ff.net has Over 32,000 SPN stories, 201 SPN ff.net story communities, and 112 Discussion Forums.
- Supernatural Fic Link Archive page, showcasing black_samvara's fic tagging project.
- See Big Bang: stats and graphs post of 2 Sep 2011 by missyjack about the SPN J2 Big Bang. (Accessed 1 Jan 2012)
- Compiled by Trollprincess on May 19-19, 2008, in three posts: Season 1, Season 2, Season 3
- From Episode 5.16, The Dark Side of the Moon (accessed 1 Jan 2012)
- From Episode 6.03, The Third Man (accessed 1 Jan 2012)
- [WebCite of the front page.
- WebCite of the front page. The definition of "Dean Damage" can be read here; WebCite.
- WebCite for the splash page; [http://www.webcitation.org/6GFDWNkSq WebCite for the main page.
- WebCite for the main page.
- WebCite for the main page.