Transformative Works and Cultures
|Title:||Transformative Works and Cultures (TWC)|
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Transformative Works and Cultures (TWC) is a peer-reviewed academic journal that seeks to promote scholarship on fanworks and practices. It comes out twice a year and is a project of the Organization for Transformative Works.
TWC defines its purview as
"articles about media studies; and articles about the fan community. We invite papers in all areas, including fan fiction, fan vids, film, TV, anime, comic books, fan community, Category:Video Games, and machinima. We encourage a variety of critical approaches, including feminism, gender studies, queer theory, postcolonial theory, audience theory, reader-response theory, literary criticism, film studies, and posthumanism. We also encourage authors to consider writing personal essays integrated with scholarship; hyperlinked articles; or other forms that test the limits of the genre of academic writing.
These often interdisciplinary essays with a conceptual focus and a theoretical frame offer expansive interventions in the field of fan studies. Theory essays undergo blind peer review. (5,000–8,000 words, plus a 100–250-word abstract)
These essays analyze the particular, in contrast to Theory's broader vantage. They may apply a specific theory to a formation or artifact; explicate fan practice; perform a detailed reading of a specific text; or otherwise relate transformative phenomena to social, literary, technological, and/or historical frameworks. Praxis essays undergo blind peer review. (4,000–7,000 words, plus a 100–250-word abstract)
"Parallel to academia's tradition of compact essays, often published as letters, fandom has its own vibrant history of criticism, some of which has been collected at the Symposium archive. In the spirit of this history, TWC's Symposium is a section of concise, thematically contained essays. These short pieces provide insight into current developments and debates surrounding any topic related to fandom or transformative media and cultures. Symposium submissions undergo editorial review." 
The Symposium Blog associated with TWC posts updates more frequently and posts infomal meta, to create a "bridge between the OTW’s academic journal and fannish discussions, through posts that discuss both fannish meta topics and fannish perspectives on fan and media studies." 
Reviews offer critical summaries of items of interest in the fields of fan and media studies, including books, new journals, and web sites. Reviews incorporate a description of the item's content, an assessment of its likely audience, and an evaluation of its importance in a larger context. Review submissions undergo editorial review. (1,500–2,500 words)
The first issue of TWC appeared on September 15, 2008. It includes Francesca Coppa's seminal essay on the history of vidding, Women, "Star Trek," and the early development of fannish vidding, and a range of essays on fandom and fan works from Abigail DeKosnik on politics as fandom and Anne Kustritz on The Story of Obi to Rebecca Busker on meta discourses in fandom and an interview with Henry Jenkins.
The second issue (March 15, 2009) is a special topic issue on "Games as transformative works," edited by Rebecca Carlson. The issue combines various accounts of online play, especially World of Warcraft, with essays ranging from card collectors and table-top and live action role-playing games to chiptunes and machinima.
The third issue appeared on September 15, 2009. This general issue expanded the range of the journal with essays on quilting, fannish wikis, and filk communities as well as an important reflection on fannish race conversations with Pattern recognition: A dialogue on racism in fan communities
The fourth issue (March 15, 2010) is a special Supernatural issue, "Saving People, Hunting Things," edited by Catherine Tosenberger. The issue approaches the television show and its fandom from a variety of disciplines and approaches and discusses the role of religious, the supernatural, and folklore as well fannish creations ranging from specific fanvids and mpreg.
The fifth issue appeared on September 15, 2010. This general issue contained a range of essays on various forms of fan production (including fan subbing and fan films) with a particular emphasis on concerns of the body and disability in fandom.
The sixth issue appeared in April 2011. "Fan Works and Fan Communities in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction," special history issue guest edited by Nancy Reagin, Pace University, and Anne Rubenstein, York University.
The eighth issue appeared in November 2011 and was a double guest-edited issue on the topics of "Race and Ethnicity in Fandom", guest edited by Robin Anne Reid and Sarah N. Gatson; and "Textual Echoes", guest edited by Cyber Echoes.
The ninth issue appeared in March 2012. "Fan/Remix Video," special issue of TWC guest edited by Francesca Coppa and Julie Levin Russo.
The tenth issue appeared in June 2012. Transformative Works and Fan Activism, guest edited by Henry Jenkins and Sangita Shresthova, University of Southern California
The eleventh issue appeared in September 2012.
The 14th issue appeared in September 2013.
The 15th issue appeared in March 2014. Fandom and/as Labor, guest edited by Mel Stanfill and Megan Condis (University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign).
The 16th issue appeared in June 2014. Materiality and Object-Oriented Fandom, guest edited by Bob Rehak (Swarthmore College).
Upcoming special editions include:
Special Issue: Performing Fandom (March 2015) This special issue considers fandom as a performed set of practices. We seek investigations into intersections between the disciplines of fan studies and performance studies around such issues as identity performance and participant/performer ethnography. Guest edited by Paul Booth and Lucy Bennett.
Special Issue: European Fans and European Fan Objects: Localization and Translation (March 2015) This special issue seeks to explore the state of fan studies and the variety of fandoms focused within the social and geographical boundaries of Europe, particularly with regard to processes of localization and translation, broadly interpreted. Guest edited by Anne Kustritz and Emma England (University of Amsterdam, NL)
Special Issue: The Classical Canon and/as Transformative Work (March 2016) We invite papers treating classical literature/art as fan work; papers on contemporary fannish uses/transformations of ancient Greek and Roman literature, mythology, or history; papers investigating similarities and differences between contemporary transformative fan work and classical literature and art; and papers reflecting on what is at stake in making the comparison. Guest edited by Ika Willis (University of Wollongong).
Copyright and Licenses
TWC is a Gold Open Access publication of the nonprofit Organization for Transformative Works, copyrighted under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License. TWC has been submitted for indexing in all major academic databases, open access directories, and services such as Google Scholar.
Bibliographical data for all articles published in TWC is recorded in Zotero as a subcollection of the Fan studies bibliography, a project affiliated with the journal.
The editorial team for 2007 - present includes:
- Deborah Kaplan (#1)
- Veruska Sabucco (#2-#4)
- Mafalda Stasi (#1-#5)
- Tisha Turk (#3-#5)
- Cynthia W. Walker (#1-#3)
- Louisa Stein (#6-#17)
- Cole J. Banning (#1)
- Rebecca Lucy Busker (#2-#3)
- Lorraine Dubuisson (#3-#4)
- Alexis Lothian (#1-#5)
- Julie Levin Russo (#1-#2)
- Suzanne Scott (#4-#10)
- Patricia Nelson (#6-#10)
- Anne Kustritz (#6-#10)
- Sara K. Howe (#9-#10)
- Alexandra Jenkins (#11)
- Cameron Salisbury (#12-#17)
- Karen Hellekson (#1-#6)
- Rrain Prior (#5-#17)
- Karen Hellekson (#1-#16)
- Margie Gillis (#1-#2)
- Shoshanna Green (#1, #3-#16)
- Ed Greengrass (#3)
- Mara Greengrass (#1-#4, #10)
- Vickie West (#2, #5-#8)
- Beth Friedman (#5-#14)
- Christine Mains (#13-#16)
- Karen Hellekson (#1-#16)
- Wendy M. Carr (#4, #6-#9, #10-#13)
- Allison Morris (#4-#5, #7-#9)
- Kristen Murphy (#4-#5, #7-#13)
- Rrain Prior (#1-#4, #6, #14-#16)
- Gretchen Treu (#5-#9)
- Ekaterina Fawl (#7, #9)
- sunusn (#10-#13)
- Sarah Hazelton (#3-#4)
- Vickie West (#3-#4 #6-#12, #15-#16)
- Liza Q Wirtz (#1-#6)
- Carmen Montopoli (#6-#16)
- Jack Harrison (#6)
- Kallista Angeloff (#10-#11)
- Amanda Georgeanne Retartha (#10-#12, #15-#16)
Board (past and present)
Nancy Baym, Microsoft Research - Rebecca Black, UC Irvine - Paul Booth, DePaul U - Will Brooker, Kingston U - Rhiannon Bury, Athabasca U - Wendy Chun, Brown U - Melissa Click, U of Missouri - Francesca Coppa, Muhlenberg C - Abigail De Kosnik, UC Berkeley - Paul Draper, Queensland Conservatorium Griffith U - Catherine Driscoll, U of Sydney - Kathleen Fitzpatrick, Pomona C - Sam Ford, Convergence Culture Consortium - Jonathan Gray, Fordham U - Judith Halberstam, USC - C. Lee Harrington, Miami U - Heather Hendershot, MIT - Matt Hills, Aberystwyth U - Henry Jenkins, USC - Derek Johnson, U of Wisconsin - Roz Kaveney, Independent - Derek Kompare, Southern Methodist U - Anne Kustritz, U of Amsterdam - Alexis Lothian, Indiana U of Pennsylvania - Elana Levine, U of Wisconsin, Milwaukee - Farah Mendlesohn, Middlesex U - Mark McLelland, U of Wollongong - Helen Merrick, Curtin U of Technology - Jason Mittell, Middlebury C - Lori Morimoto, independent - Whitney Phillips - New York U - Roberta Pearson, U of Nottingham - Sheenagh Pugh, U of Glamorgan - Aswin Punathambekar, U of Michigan - Bob Rehak, Swarthmore C - Robin Anne Reid, Texas A&M-Commerce - Sharon Ross, Columbia C Chicago - Julie Levin Russo, Evergreen State C - Cornel Sandvoss, U of Surrey - Avi Santo, Old Dominion - Suzanne Scott, Arizona State U - Louisa Stein, Middlebury C - Catherine Tosenberger, U of Winnipeg - Rebecca Tushnet, Georgetown U Law Center - Ika Willis, U of Wollongong - Berit Åström, U of Umeå
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