Detective Conan

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Case Closed redirects here. For the doujinshi, see Case Closed (Sherlock Holmes doujinshi).

This article or section needs expansion.

Name: Meitantei Conan
Detective Conan
Case Closed
Abbreviation(s): DC
Creator: Aoyama Gosho
Date(s): 1994 – ongoing (manga)
Medium: manga, anime
Country of Origin: Japan
External Links:
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Canon Overview

Detective Conan is a shonen manga series by Aoyama Gosho that follows teenage sleuth Kudo Shinichi as he solves mysteries. In many countries, the series is also known as Case Closed, though most stories explaining why are debated and a bit apocryphal.

The manga, published by Shogakukan, began in 1994 and is ongoing. As of June 2015, it had reached 90 volumes. The anime, produced by TMS Entertainment, began in 1996 and is also ongoing; as of November 2016 839 episodes have aired.

In addition, 20 non-serial movies that are considered technically non-canon have been released so far, along with a crossover movie with Lupin III and 22 OVAs. Finally, a thirteen-episode live action television series and a four-part live-action TV special were released in the 2010's.

The North American release of the manga by Viz Entertainment is significantly behind the Japanese release--as of November 2016, up to Volume 60 is available in English. The Funimation English release is likewise only partially available; the DVD sets only go up to Episode 150 and movie 6. Crunchyroll recently started streaming subtitled episodes in the 700's, and now offers episodes the week they come out. Netflix also picked up episodes 748-799 for a time.


Detective Conan is a shonen manga series by Aoyama Gosho that follows teenage sleuth Kudo Shinichi as he solves mysteries. In many countries, the series is also known as Case Closed. After an encounter with a mysterious criminal organization, he is dosed with a drug that was supposed to be fatal but instead has the unexpected result of shrinking him to a seven-year-old. Using the alias Edogawa Conan, he moves in with his childhood friend and crush Mouri Ran, without telling her who he is, and attempts to find a cure, keep the mysterious organization (referred to variously as the Syndicate, the Black Organization, or simply ''Them) from realizing that he isn't dead, and continue to solve mysteries. The series boasts a large supporting cast, and typically focuses on self-contained mysteries with limited suspect pools, though Kudo's struggle against the Black Org acts as a a recurring B-plot.

It crosses over with Magic Kaito, an earlier series by the same author that stars a criminal with noble motivations.

Fandom Overview

Subs vs. Dubs

An example of an early Funimation adaptation, the Case Closed English dub was intended for Cartoon Network and featured localized names, including "Jimmy Kudo" rather than "Kudo Shinichi" and "Rachel Moore" instead of "Mouri Ran." These changes were and remain controversial, especially with fans hoping for a faithful adaptation of the source material. A full character list that includes each character's original and English adaptation name can be found [on the Detective Conan Wiki].

However, this dub is not without its support. Because many people did first find the series as children when watching it on Cartoon Network, they are accustomed to the Funimation dub's naming. Save Case Closed, a group dedicated to bringing back the Funimation dub of the series, does have members who would like to keep the dub's naming conventions in place.

Effects of Translation Lag on Fandom

Funimation had problems marketing the English dub of the anime (both due to the controversial localization and to the fact that a show that can be described as a 'murder mystery for kids' didn't fit into either the Cartoon Network block it aired in, or, arguably, the tastes of the larger anime fandom at the time) and eventually stopped releasing DVDs altogether. Although legal subtitled episodes are now available, they are from much later in the series. The manga translation is nowhere near keeping pace with Japan, either--it's roughly a decade behind Japan.

So, the fandom has had to either import Japanese media and translate them by themselves, or rely on others' fan translations. A group called the [[Detective Conan Translation Project]] was responsible for translating a large number of media for fans. However, prior to more organized efforts, fans often had to search through multiple sites to find usable translations, or do the work themselves.

In the case of written fanworks, this resulted in a number of interesting discrepancies, such as various first names being given to supporting characters, various spellings of character names, and other inaccuracies that are easier to avoid now.

Another side-effect of all of this is that people who avoided or couldn't find the illegal translations were left with a more limited cast of characters, which is reflected in the number of fanworks available for said characters. This is especially true for later characters--while information about Hattori Heiji, Hakuba Saguru and Kuroba Kaito (all characters who appear in Funimation's licensed section of the anime) that would have necessarily been found through fan-translations is extremely common in older fanfiction, works about Eisuke Hondou, who first appeared not long before the former two characters met, are still comparatively rare. The same is true for characters that appear after him--the greatest amount of fanworks seem to focus on characters that appear in legal translations at some point.

Longstanding Fanon

Another outcome of the translation difficulties, and the sheer scale of the original work, is that some pieces of fanon that made sense and so circulated widely that they became regarded as near-canon by some people. These examples are from backtodc's tumblr and dcmk-resources livejournal:

  • Kaitou KID (A recurring crossover character from Magic Kaito) having a rule along the lines of "Nobody gets hurt" for heists (It's possible that this came out of the Detective Conan movies, particularly the early, translated ones, in which KID is very nonviolent and rescues people a lot)
  • The villains in Magic Kaito and Detective Conan are either the same group or related groups
  • (In a more minor example) Shinichi is addicted to coffee

These and other pieces of fanon can cause confusion for people who begin reading fanfic before watching the entire series and then discover that, despite these things showing up in most or all of the fanfics they've read so far, they are not actually canon.