Puella Magi Madoka Magica
|Name:||Puella Magi Madoka Magica; Mahou Shoujo Madoka Magica, 魔法少女まどか☆マギカ; Madoka Magica|
|Abbreviation(s):||PMMM, MadoMagi, Madoka|
|Date(s):||January 7, 2011 – April 21, 2011 (anime)|
|Country of Origin:||Japan|
|External Links:||Official Website (Japanese)|
|Click here for related articles on Fanlore.|
Puella Magi Madoka Magica (also known as Mahou Shoujo Madoka Magica) is a 2011 12-episode magical girl anime. Kyubey, a mysterious creature, offers to grant young girls a single wish. In exchange, they are bound in a contract to become witch-hunting "magical girls". The central characters are main protagonist Kaname Madoka and fellow magical girls Tomoe Mami, Miki Sayaka, Sakura Kyōko, and Akemi Homura.
The 2011 anime series spawned an entire media franchise, including manga, novels, video games, and drama CDs. These cover alternate universes, missing scenes and backstories, gag parodies, and shared universe spin-offs focused on completely different casts of characters. A movie sequel to the original series, called Puella Magi Madoka Magica the Movie Part III: The Rebellion Story (Hangyaku no Monogatari), or Puella Magi Madoka Magica the Movie: Rebellion, was released on 26 October 2013.
- Puella Magi Madoka Magica (2011) - original anime
- Puella Magi Madoka Magica the Movie: Beginnings and Puella Magi Madoka Magica the Movie: Eternal (2012) - movie-length compilations of the original series
- Puella Magi Madoka Magica the Movie: Rebellion (2013) - sequel to the anime
- Puella Magi Madoka Magica (2011) - manga adaptation
- Audio dramas (2011): "Memories of You", "Sunny Day Life", "Farewell Story", "Summer Magical Girl Training Camp!!"
- Puella Magi Madoka Magica: The Different Story (2012) - adaptation and expansion of "Memories of You"
- Puella Magi Madoka Magica: Homura's Revenge! (2013)
- Puella Magi Madoka Magica: Wraith Arc (2015) - interquel between the original series and Rebellion
- Puella Magi Kazumi Magica (2011-2012)
- Puella Magi Oriko Magica (2011)
- Puella Magi Tart Magica: The Legend of "Jeanne d'Arc" (2013-2017)
- Puella Magi Suzune Magica (2013-2014)
- Magia Record: Puella Magi Madoka Magica Side Story (2017) - mobile phone game, adapted into a 2020 anime
See "Puella Magi Madoka Magica" on Wikipedia for a more complete overview of related media.
Fan Reception and Reaction
The airdate for the last two-part finale was delayed after the 2011 Tōhoku earthquakes and tsunami in Japan; fans have commonly suggested the reasoning being that the final episodes bore some resemblance to the real-life disaster. Some fans online resented the delay, thinking it was unreasonable ("I don't agree that it's perfectly understandable - I mean, can't they just air the episode with a warning or something at the beginning?"), while other fans supported the decision ("It's just an anime, we can wait the extra months for the ending.")  
The radio station Tokyo FM reported that Puella Magi Madoka Magica has developed into a social phenomenon in Japan.
Aftermath of The Rebellion Story
A sequel movie called Puella Magi Madoka Magica the Movie Part III: The Rebellion Story (Hangyaku no Monogatari), or Puella Magi Madoka Magica the Movie: Rebellion, was released on 26 October 2013.
Fans were split on the ending. Some people declared that Rebellion never happened and that it was the worst thing to happen to the anime, while others wholeheartedly embraced it. Some were upset by Homura's transformation into a villain.
Many fans came to the conclusion from its plot and implications that, from a fan perspective, the movie could serve as a deconstruction of fix fics in general. Some working on fanfics that address the ending of Rebellion; the irony of fixing a story that deconstructed the very nature of fix fics has not been lost on them.
The series deconstructs some popular tropes in the magical girl genre:
Then you've got darker series like MAI-hime and Puella Magi Madoka that take the premise and deliberately turn it on its ear: the girls don't triumph over evil through the power of friendship, they kill each other and die horribly; they aren't allies of justice like they (and the viewer!) thought, they're being used for evil.Thread at Fail Fandomanon (Accessed April 6, 2011)
You know, someone posted some meta stuff the other day on fandomsecrets (yeah yeah I i know), regarding Puella Magi Madoka Magica and why they found the series' concept a little sexist. The idea (roughly phrased) is that the mahou shoujo genre represents a type of empowerment for young girls. However, when one deconstructs the genre as viciously as Madoka does, it carries the implication that empowering girls is a negative thing.Thread at Fail Fandomanon (Accessed April 6, 2011)
Fanon and Tropes Common to Fan Works
The fandom refers to the five main magical girls of the original series as the "Mitakihara Five" or the "Holy Quintet". In fan fiction, magical girls are often generally referred to as "puella(e) magi" by the narration or in the characters' dialogue. However, while "puella magi" appears as part of the series' title in several regions, magical girls are never referred to using that Latin term within canon proper.
Late in the show's run, it's revealed that a character is able to manipulate time. The implication that she had experienced several iterations of the same month led to fan fiction stories exploring these alternate timelines in which events unfolded differently, such as certain characters surviving or dying, the disruption of the status quo by an outside interference (often via a crossover), or femslash romance. Within the series, Homura was shown reliving the month at least five times, though fans generally agree that to be a fraction of what she went through; some fans will depict her as having experienced up to hundreds or thousands of resets.
After the show's two-part finale, many fan fics also focus on the implication of magical girls existing across all of history around the world, inspiring the creation of fan-made magical girls. Additionally, some fans create backstories for the various witches encountered within the series.
Post-canon fics often involve the return of Madoka and/or Sayaka, especially within Madoka/Homura and Sayaka/Kyōko fic; a similar plot was followed in the sequel movie The Rebellion Story, and fics following that canon will instead build upon its ending.
- "The Rising Tide: Madoka Rebellion and Communal Culture" - analysis of the movie by b0bduh
- "Witches and Magical Girls: Western and Eastern Fantasy Tropes in Madoka Magica" (archive)
- The Very Soil - series of essays by froborr.
Archives and Communities
- Madoka★Magica community on LiveJournal
- Archive of Our Own
- FanFiction.Net: stories and crossovers
- r/MadokaMagica on Reddit
- Both quotes are from a discussion at the Madoka Magica LJ comm. MBS refuses to air Madoka 11 and 12 (Accessed April 8, 2011)
- Screw The Quake Victims, Give Me My Anime. post at Unfunny Fandom (Accessed April 8, 2011)
- Tokyo FM. [13日（木）3・11後「魔法少女まどか☆マギカ」が提示するもの http://www.tfm.co.jp/timeline/index.php?itemid=44700%=1167]. Archived from the original on February 4, 2013.
- Tumblr post (Accessed May 25, 2011)