Puella Magi Madoka Magica

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Name: Puella Magi Madoka Magica (魔法少女まどか☆マギカ, Mahou Shoujo Madoka Magica)
Madoka Magica
Abbreviation(s): PMMM, MadoMagi, Madoka
Creator: Akiyuki Shinbo
Date(s): January 7, 2011 – April 21, 2011 (anime)
Medium: Anime
Country of Origin: Japan
External Links: Official Website (Japanese)
Click here for related articles on Fanlore.

Spoiler Warning: This article or section may contain spoilers. If this bothers you, proceed with caution.

Puella Magi Madoka Magica (also known as Mahou Shoujo Madoka Magica) is a 2011 12-episode magical girl anime. Kyubey, a mysterious creature, offers to grant young girls a single wish. In exchange, they are bound in a contract to become witch-hunting "magical girls". The central characters are main protagonist Madoka Kaname and fellow magical girls Mami Tomoe, Sayaka Miki, Kyoko Sakura and Homura Akemi.


The 2011 anime series spawned an entire media franchise, including manga, novels, video games, and drama CDs. These cover alternate universes, missing scenes and backstories, gag parodies, and shared universe spin-offs focused on completely different casts of characters. A movie sequel to the original series, called Puella Magi Madoka Magica the Movie Part III: The Rebellion Story (Hangyaku no Monogatari), or Puella Magi Madoka Magica the Movie: Rebellion, was released on 26 October 2013.

The creators and the fans may declare these various installments as being canon, official, paracanon, or non-canon to varying degrees.

Core Canon

  • Puella Magi Madoka Magica (2011) - original anime
  • Puella Magi Madoka Magica the Movie: Beginnings and Puella Magi Madoka Magica the Movie: Eternal (2012) - movie-length compilations of the original series
  • Puella Magi Madoka Magica the Movie: Rebellion (2013) - sequel to the anime

Paracanon and Tie-ins

  • Puella Magi Madoka Magica (2011) - manga adaptation
  • Audio dramas (2011): "Memories of You", "Sunny Day Life", "Farewell Story", "Summer Magical Girl Training Camp!!"
  • Puella Magi Madoka Magica: The Different Story (2012) - adaptation and expansion of "Memories of You"
  • Puella Magi Madoka Magica: Homura's Revenge! (2013)
  • Puella Magi Madoka Magica: Wraith Arc (2015) - interquel between the original series and Rebellion


  • Puella Magi Kazumi Magica (2011-2012)
  • Puella Magi Oriko Magica (2011)
  • Puella Magi Tart Magica: The Legend of "Jeanne d'Arc" (2013-2017)
  • Puella Magi Suzune Magica (2013-2014)
  • Magia Record: Puella Magi Madoka Magica Side Story (2017) - mobile phone game, adapted into a 2020 anime

See "Puella Magi Madoka Magica" on Wikipedia for a more complete overview of related media.


"Contract?" Art of Kyubey found in a university toilet.

Fan Reception and Reaction

The airdate for the last two-part finale was delayed after the 2011 Tōhoku earthquakes and tsunami in Japan; fans have commonly suggested the reasoning being that the final episodes bore some resemblance to the real-life disaster. Some fans online resented the delay, thinking it was unreasonable ("I don't agree that it's perfectly understandable - I mean, can't they just air the episode with a warning or something at the beginning?"), while other fans supported the decision ("It's just an anime, we can wait the extra months for the ending.") [1] [2]

Footage of the reactions of first-time viewers are popular on YouTube, particularly of the last few minutes of the third episode.

My first time watching Puella Magi Madoka Magica went a little something like this:

Episode 1: Blue funny, Pink cute, Yellow badass, Purple mysterious.

Episode 2: Blue favorite, Pink alright, Yellow probably evil, Purple mysterious.

Episode 3: Yellow’s not evil after all, and now is the dead. My bad.

Episode 4: Pink getting all fucked up, SOMEONE SAVE BLUE!

Episode 5: Hate Red for attacking Blue. Kick her ass, Purple!

Episode 6: Still hate Red.

Episode 7: FUCK YOU, BUNNYCAT! Red’s not so bad after all. But someone save Blue!

Episode 8: Aw, hell no, Purple! You don’t threaten Blue like that! You go, Red! You’re pretty cool after…oh shit. BLUE, NO!


Tumblr post by takerfoxx, (Accessed October 26, 2020.)

The fandom has a lot of fanart, much of which can be found on Pixiv or Tumblr. As of October 2020, there are over 200 thousand PMMM works on Pixiv alone.

The radio station Tokyo FM reported that Puella Magi Madoka Magica has developed into a social phenomenon in Japan.[3]

The series may act as a threshold fandom for introducing newbies to magical girl anime. However, because of its unconventional treatment of genre norms, Puella Magi Madoka Magica has attracted a wider audience than its counterparts, leading to controversy among long-time fans of magical girl series.

Don’t you hate it when a piece of media you like becomes popular for the wrong reasons?

If you haven’t watched Madoka Magica there’s two options: either you know nothing about it but your friends keep recommending it to you, possibly in between evil snickers, or all you know about it is that it looks cute but it’s secretly fucked up and edgy or “a SuBvErsiOn/DeCOnsTruCTion of the magical girl genre”.Anyone who has seen more than 2 magical girl shows can tell you that the genre is not nearly as flat and formulaic as everyone makes it up to be, so to some the popularity that Madoka gained simply by subverting the expectations of the people thinking it was another sailor moon ripoff is undeserved.

Thing is, Madoka Magica is legit one of my favorite animes of all time. I say that as someone who has other 3 magical girl shows in that particular list. So while I understand the complaints from the community I also think some of that hate is somewhat undeserved. It’s not the show’s fault that people on the internet don’t know how to sell it to others except by deriding the whole genre because they don’t respect it.

Tumblr post by shizukateal (Accessed October 26, 2020.)

Fans of the show fall into two major camps: those who appreciate Madoka's role as the hero of the story and those who believe Homura to be the true protagonist while Madoka herself remains largely passive.

Essentially, what Madoka does is just as heroic as any sword-wielding superhero who rescues humanity from some alien supervillain who threatens to take over the world. She doesn’t even have to point her weapon at the villains in order to bring about revolution, save countless people, and restore hope. You don’t have to be “badass” in order to be truly badass. You can have pink hair, wear a frilly dress, flaunt big ribbons, wield a rose-adorned weapon, and embody every trait associated with “stereotypical girlishness” that female warrior characters try to avoid, but still prove to be just as, if not even more, “badass”. Madoka accomplishes all of this with the incredible power of her hope and her ability to believe in that hope. She has hope in the world, she has hope in all magical girls, and she has hope in herself, because she is hope.

Tumblr post by littlepurinsesu, (Accessed October 26, 2020.

Aftermath of The Rebellion Story

A sequel movie called Puella Magi Madoka Magica the Movie Part III: The Rebellion Story (Hangyaku no Monogatari), or Puella Magi Madoka Magica the Movie: Rebellion, was released on 26 October 2013.

Fans were split on the ending. Some people declared that Rebellion never happened and that it was the worst thing to happen to the anime, while others wholeheartedly embraced it. Some were upset by Homura's transformation into a villain.

Many fans came to the conclusion from its plot and implications that, from a fan perspective, the movie could serve as a deconstruction of fix fics in general. Some working on fanfics that address the ending of Rebellion; the irony of fixing a story that deconstructed the very nature of fix fics has not been lost on them.


A large volume of meta has been written about the series, particularly its skillful inversion of many popular tropes in the magical girl genre:

Then you've got darker series like MAI-hime and Puella Magi Madoka that take the premise and deliberately turn it on its ear: the girls don't triumph over evil through the power of friendship, they kill each other and die horribly; they aren't allies of justice like they (and the viewer!) thought, they're being used for evil.

Thread at Fail Fandomanon (Accessed April 6, 2011)

You know, someone posted some meta stuff the other day on fandomsecrets (yeah yeah I i know), regarding Puella Magi Madoka Magica and why they found the series' concept a little sexist. The idea (roughly phrased) is that the mahou shoujo genre represents a type of empowerment for young girls. However, when one deconstructs the genre as viciously as Madoka does, it carries the implication that empowering girls is a negative thing.

Thread at Fail Fandomanon (Accessed April 6, 2011)

Other fans focused on thematic elements within the show, such as the use of symbolism, repetition, allusions to classical literature (especially Faust), and the relationships between the characters.

Madoka is a story about wishes. To be more precise it is a story about people having to understand what they really want and which kind of wishes can help them reach happiness and a good outcome and which ones do not. This theme is clearly underlined by the worldbuilding since in order to become magical girls the characters have to make a wish and their powers and abilities are greatly influenced by that wish. The girls have to find something they wish so strongly they can dedicate their whole lives to it without regrets.

This theme is explored in several ways and these different prospectives are linked to secondary themes. Each secondary theme is illustrated by each girl’s subplot and they all come together in Homura and Madoka’s stories even if in different ways.

To be more precise I would say there are two main secondary themes.

1) Growing up and what it means which is introduced through Mami’s arc.

2) The importance of integrating opposites and to overcome a black and white vision of the world which is explored through Sayaka and Kyouko’s inverted arcs.

Tumblr post by aspoonfulofsugar (Accessed October 20, 2020.)

Fanon and Tropes Common to Fan Works

The fandom refers to the five main magical girls of the original series as the "Mitakihara Five" or the "Holy Quintet". In fan fiction, magical girls are often generally referred to as "puella(e) magi" by the narration or in the characters' dialogue. However, while "puella magi" appears as part of the series' title in several regions, magical girls are never referred to using that Latin term within canon proper.

Late in the show's run, it's revealed that a character is able to manipulate time. The implication that she had experienced several iterations of the same month led to fan fiction stories exploring these alternate timelines in which events unfolded differently, such as certain characters surviving or dying, the disruption of the status quo by an outside interference (often via a crossover), or femslash romance. Within the series, Homura was shown reliving the month at least five times, though fans generally agree that to be a fraction of what she went through; some fans will depict her as having experienced up to hundreds or thousands of resets.

After the show's two-part finale, many fan fics also focus on the implication of magical girls existing across all of history around the world, inspiring the creation of fan-made magical girls. Additionally, some fans create backstories for the various witches encountered within the series.

Post-canon fics often involve the return of Madoka and/or Sayaka, especially within Madoka/Homura and Sayaka/Kyōko fic; a similar plot was followed in the sequel movie The Rebellion Story, and fics following that canon will instead build upon its ending.

The fandom is also noteworthy for a high percentage of crossover fics on A03, most notably with Neon Genesis Evangelion and Bleach.[4]


The fandom is largely femslash focused, as the entirety of the major cast is female. The juggernaut pairings are Madoka/Homura and Kyōko/Sayaka, while other pairings have smaller followings.


Puella Magi Madoka Magica has spawned numerous memes, which are frequently encountered in fandom:

  • Being Meguca is Suffering--a catchline of Meduka Magica, a 2011 crowd-sourced retelling of the anime that originated on 4chan.[5] A popular variant is "Being Homura is Suffering", given the trials Homura faces over the course of both the series and numerous fanworks.
  • That Wasn't Very Cash Money of You--fan caption for an altered manga panel featuring Sayaka sporting a pair of sunglasses while wearing her magical girl outfit, originally created by Tumblr user things-in-sunglasses on January 26th, 2014. [6]
  • Morning Rescue--an energy drink advertised during the series' early television run that was included in fansubs and frequently makes an appearance in fan discussion and fanworks. Characters are either shown consuming it or are "rescued" by the man in the advertisements, who wears an orange jumpsuit and repells from the ceiling in order to bring them the drink. [7]

Fan Works

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Fan Fiction

To the Stars [FFN, AO3] by HieronymFandom: Puella Magia Madoka Magica, Puella Magi Oriko MagicaDate: 23 September 2011Length: 755 859 words, 61 chaptersStatus: OngoingGenre: Supernatural, Sci-Fi
Epic-length far post-canon space opera with an OC protagonist.
Persephone's Waltz [AO3, DW] by ErinPtahFandom: Puella Magi Madoka MagicaDate: 29 November 2012–8 February 2013Length: 70 447 words, 20 chaptersStatus: CompleteGenre: Angst, Hurt/Comfort, Romance
Pre-canon. Alternate timeline, femslash.
As N Approaches Infinity [FFN, AO3] by CorisannaFandom: Puella Magi Madoka Magica, BleachDate: 15 March 2015Length: 473 494 words, 83 chaptersStatus: Ongoing
Crossover AU with Bleach where Houmura wanders into Karakura Town to discover that Kyubey has contracted the Kurosaki sisters as magical girls.
Universal [FFN] by Shadow's forgeFandom: Puella Magi Madoka MagicaDate: 23 August 2012–15 December 2013Length: 53338 words, 20 chaptersStatus: CompleteGenre: Adventure, Hurt/Comfort
The universe has changed, as has the life of one Sayaka Miki. Follow her as she adjusts to her new life and rises to fit alongside friends new and old against horrors not even the Incubators have envisioned.
The Devil and the Angel [FFN] Fandom: Puella Magi Madoka MagicaDate: 26 May 2015–1 June 2015Status: CompleteGenre: Friendship, Drama
A friend at her side, a fool screaming for her downfall, a crusader wading into the battle. Over the years, Miki Sayaka has been many things to Homura. Perhaps it was always leading here, where the devil and an angel clasp hands and prepare to strike the other down.

Fan Art

少女達は傷つきながら甘い夢を見る Pixiv archive by たじま なおと (Pixiv ID 65714)Date: 17 December 2013
The cast of Rebellion: Charlotte, Mami, Bebe, Kyōko, Sayaka (with Oktavia), Homura, Madoka, newcomer Momoe Nagisa, and Kyubey.
ピュエらマギ Pixiv archive by 如何川 (Pixiv ID 3021993)Date: 24 December 2013
"Puella Magi Holy Quintet".
集合 Pixiv archive by n (Pixiv ID 3754249)Date: 1 March 2014
The Mitakihara Five. No spoilers.
まどマギLOG Pixiv archive by Figue(ふぃぐ) (Pixiv ID 3162365)Date: 9 February 2016
Rebellion. Sayaka, Kyōko, Homura.
here's my new Madoka Rebellion set! Twitter archive by popoaluDate: 20 June 2016
The Mitakihara Five.
Magical Girls Photoset ver Tumblr archive by projectTiGERDate: 13 July 2016
The Mitakihara Five and Momoe Nagisa. No spoilers.
“It’s time to wake up from sweet dreams” Tumblr archive by winter-cakesDate: 22 December 2019
Rebellion: Mitakihara Five and Nagisa. Huevember.


"Mahou Shoujo Requiem" YouTube by Shin AMVDate: 4 May 2011
"Cosmic Love" by Florence + The Machine
"La Vida Madoka" YouTube by shorisquaredDate: 18 March 2017
"Livin' La Vida Loca" by Ricky Martin
"oh my god" YouTube by pannaDate: 10 April 2020
"Oh my god" by (G)I-DLE((여자)아이들)
"Shatter Me!" YouTube by AhanaXDate: 10 April 2020
"Shatter Me" by Lindsey Stirling feat. Lzzzy Hale
"Walpurgisnacht" YouTube by TeShDate: 16 Feb 2012Genre: Canon Divergent AU
Annotate this please!


For Puella Magi Madoka Magica doujinshi on Fanlore, see List of Puella Magi Madoka Magica Doujinshi and Category:Puella Magi Madoka Magica Doujinshi.


There are fan-made covers of music from the series, [8] such as this Madoka pianoforte, and those sung by Paperblossom.

Fan Games

See also: Fanworks at the Puella Magi Wiki



Archives and Communities



  1. ^ Both quotes are from a discussion at the Madoka Magica LJ comm. MBS refuses to air Madoka 11 and 12 (Accessed April 8, 2011)
  2. ^ Screw The Quake Victims, Give Me My Anime. post at Unfunny Fandom (Accessed April 8, 2011)
  3. ^ Tokyo FM. [13日(木)3・11後「魔法少女まどか☆マギカ」が提示するもの http://www.tfm.co.jp/timeline/index.php?itemid=44700%=1167]. Archived from the original on February 4, 2013.
  4. ^ Fandom stats- Crossovers, fusions, and crossover pairings on AO3 by toastystats (destinationtoast), December 31, 2020.
  5. ^ Meduka Meguca / Being Meguka is Suffering article on Know Your Meme
  6. ^ That wasn't very cash money of you on Know Your Meme
  7. ^ Morning Rescue on Know Your Meme
  8. ^ Tumblr post (Accessed May 25, 2011)