Lolicon

From Fanlore
Jump to: navigation, search
Trope · Genre
Synonyms: Loli
Related: underage, chan, shota
See Also: warnings
Tropes · Slash Tropes · Tropes by Fandom
Click here for related articles on Fanlore.

Lolicon, short for "Lolita complex"[1], is a genre which focuses on erotic, though not always explicit depictions of underage or prepubescent girls, and characters who look physically young despite being older[2]. A character matching those traits is sometimes called a "loli", even outside this genre[3]. The term is a reference to Vladimir Nabokov's controversial book Lolita[4].

The 2016 issues of the monthly lolicon anthology Comic LO. Many authors also have a presence in fandom, such as doujinshi conventions.

Lolicon interacts with the Japanese moe and cuteness cultures, and broader pop culture tropes. It's mostly used in reference to Japanese media, particularly anime, manga, light novels, or video games, and especially sexual material. It's a popular genre in doujinshi, and there exist several commercial serialised original fiction anthologies[5], with a large intersection with fannish communities.

"Lolicon" is also used to refer to fans of such material, or interest in young girls in general. This use is less common outside Japan, where focus is primarily on the genre. Sometimes, it's used as a synonym for gynephilic pedophiles, although academics caution against conflating the terms[6][7].

Influences

The term "Lolita complex" first appeared in American author Russel Trainer's titular book, The Lolita Complex[8], and it may have influenced usage in Japan. Lolicon is said to draw from shoujo and magical girl works; works such as Lupin III: The Castle of Cagliostro and Magical Princess Minky Momo were particular sensations. The origins of the genre lie in doujin works[8], and girls' and yaoi manga in particular[9], where they still have a strong presence, such as in Comiket. Female authors, such as Kaworu Watashiya, remain influential, though some claim that interest in the genre is at least partially due to its non-feminist characters[10]. Some authors connect lolicon to "junior idol" publications[11].

Controversy

Like underage, lolicon is often criticised for being child pornography, both within fannish contexts[12] and outside them[13]. It frequently generates wank. Its legal history is often complicated or ambiguous[14], even within Japan[15]. Fandoms have been targeted for content purges in Livejournal, Reddit[16], Tumblr, and even 4chan[17]. Professional authors have opposed attempts at an institutional ban[18].

Lolicon has been a topic for debate in fannish communities for a long time. For example, in a 2009 forum thread titled Why the f**K would anybody defend Lolicon?, a fan said:

I'm just sick people saying its just art, real kids aren't involved so it doesn't count. Pedophilia is wrong in all mediums no matter if its real, computerized or on paper, its still the concept of kids having sex. And they say that they don't support pedophilia, pure hypocrisy. All of these people are closet pedos. Its just makes me sad and angry.original post by crossroads

Another fan replied:

Get over it. You're nineteen, and you haven't yet accepted that what people are sexually attracted to is not within their control? Because it isn't. And being bigoted against people for that reason is degressive.reply by Archetype00x

A lot of the arguments (and counter-arguments) mirror discourse on underage that surfaced much later, for example 2016's AO3 Content Discussion. There are also some similar discussions during Strikethrough and Boldthrough due to the nature of some of the removed content.

The debate isn't confined within fannish spaces; for example, lolicon has been covered by BBC a few times[12]. Many fans weren't happy with the editorial decisions of the organisation. Two years later, following an interview, an industry veteran also noted the differences in perspective, which made mutual understanding difficult:

My position is… “all human beings have “dirty desires”. Isn’t it better to be vented appropriately?”. On the contrary…Ms Susie(sic) stated this. “All human beings are naturally innocent and have no “dirty desires” and reading media…media depicting erotic, pedophilic, and gore contents will affect them to be corrupted”.Girls Und Panzer Designer: BBC Documentary is “Fake News, National Shame”

Attitudes within Japan are also varied. In 2013, a mangaka wrote in the afterword of his doujinshi about his struggles with censorship in law, and in administration:

According to Japanese law, especially the one concerning the "crime of distribution of obscene material," you're not allowed to show or distribute drawings and/or photographs in this country that cause people to become sexually aroused. It doesn't matter if the creator, the observer, or the subject of the imagery are all adults. [...] So what is it that exactly wrong with being sexually aroused? You won't be able to do any work? It'll induce you to commit crimes? Aren't you just treating fellow citizens as criminals-inwaiting? People can now see uncensored imagery by accessing foreign servers, yet hasn't the rate of sex crimes dropped? Have public order and morals deteriorated to the point where this country is unlivable because of that new reality?

Common Tropes

Lolicon is predominantly het, although there is yuri lolicon. Age difference, incest, corruption, and teacher-student relationships are very popular, and due to the influence of Japanese tropes, there is crossover with futanari, tentacles, and so on. Some works depict characters who are capable of consenting and having intercourse without harm or trauma, while others place emphasis on non-con and its harmful effects. Some tropes have spawned subgenres, such as lolidom (portmanteau of loli and femdom), or lolibabaa (much older characters who appear young, usually deities, vampires, or otherwise supernatural[19]). Subgenres can themselves be popular enough to have specialised anthologies[20].

Fanworks

Lolicon works and archives can be very NSFW and/or offensive, so please exercise caution.

Examples Wanted: Editors are encouraged to add more examples or a wider variety of examples.

Comic Books

Webcomics

Fanart

Fanfiction

Animation

Songs

  • Pomf pomf pomf =3 a homage to the pomf =3 meme, in turn based on Inuboshi's The Light of the Tsukimi Manor (月見荘のあかり Tsukimisō no Akari), serialised in Comic Megamilk

Fashion

Although lolicon and lolita fashion are separate subcultures, they sometimes intersect.

Archives & Fannish Links

Lolicon works and archives can be very NSFW and/or offensive, so please exercise caution.

Examples Wanted: Editors are encouraged to add more examples or a wider variety of examples.

References

  1. "英辞郎 on the WEB" (in japanese)
  2. "ロリ on the pixiv dictionary"(in japanese)
  3. "Does Ellie from The Last of Us count as a Loli?" (Accessed 17 April 2017)
  4. The Fanfiction Glossary (via Wayback) (Accessed Sept. 19, 2009)
  5. "COMIC LO" (Lolita Only) (accessed 17 April 2017)
  6. "マンガで分かる心療内科・精神科・カウンセリング 第十五回「ロリコンはどこから病気なの?」" (in Japanese) (accessed 17 April 2017)
  7. Lent, John A. (1999). Themes and Issues in Asian Cartooning: Cute, Cheap, Mad, and Sexy. Popular Press 1. ISBN 0879727799. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 Galbraith, Patrick W. (2009). The Otaku Encyclopedia: An Insider's guide to the subculture of Cool Japan. Foreword by Schodt, Frederik L. and Photography by Katsuhide, Asuki (First ed.). Tokyo, Japan: Kodansha International. pp. 128–129. ISBN 978-4-7700-3101-3. 
  9. Kinsella, Sharon (2000). Adult Manga. University of Hawai'i Press. ISBN 0-8248-2318-4. 
  10. Schodt, Frederik L. (1996). "Modern Manga at the End of the Millennium". Dreamland Japan: Writings on Modern Manga. Berkeley, California: Stone Bridge Press. p. 336. ISBN 1-880656-23-X. 
  11. McLelland, Mark (2016). The End of Cool Japan: Ethical, Legal, and Cultural Challenges to Japanese Popular Culture. Routledge. ISBN 9781317269373. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 [1] (accessed 17 April 2017)
  13. "Why hasn't Japan banned child-porn comics?" (accessed 17 April 2017)
  14. "Legal status of drawn pornography depicting minors" (accessed 17 April 2017)
  15. "Tokyo Metropolitan Area Youth Protection Ordinance Reform Bill", section 3: "Restriction of the Sale of Unhealthy Literature" (in Japanese) (accessed 17 April 2017)
  16. "A necessary change in policy" (accessed 17 April 2017)
  17. "Complete History of 4chan" (accessed 6 September 2017)
  18. "Creators Decry Tokyo's Proposed 'Virtual' Child Porn Ban (Update 7)" (accessed 1 August 2017)
  19. "ロリババア on the pixiv dictionary"(in japanese)
  20. "first volume of the TOWAKO lolibabaa anthology"(in japanese)
  21. "Inspiration" (archived)