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Name(s): Vocaloid, ボーカロイド (bōkaroido)
Scope/Focus: Music
Date(s): 2004-present
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Vocaloid is a singing voice synthesis software. The software is capable of pronouncing the English, Japanese, Spanish, Chinese, and Korean languages with the appropriate voice banks, and other languages in the process of being added. Despite early adoption being mostly on the English side of the fandom, western interest has flagged since, whereas popularity took off to stratospheric heights in Japan with the release of version 2 of the Vocaloid software and introduction of "characters" for the voice banks, the first of which was "android diva" Hatsune Miku.


The Japanese Vocaloid fandom is very large and active, mostly on the social video-sharing platform NicoNicoDouga and on 2chan. The fandom dynamics are somewhat special since it is not based on a source text, and all media in it are by definition fan works. This creates a very fluid border between "original", "transformative", and "derivative" works, with on one end of the spectrum original songs and PVs (Japanese fandom contains many professional songwriters) and on the other extreme covers produced by feeding saved configuration files to a different voice bank with no editing.

Common fandom activities are writing songs, performing songs, covering existing songs with Vocaloid, making videos for songs, drawing fanart, singing karaoke versions of Vocaloid songs, and playing existing songs on an instrument. Writing fanfiction is a less common fan activity in this fandom.

Related Fandoms

Vocaloid fandom is closely enmeshed with both the UTAU fandom and the Utattemita section of Nico Nico Douga. The Evilious Chronicles and Kagerou Project are two multimedia fandoms that grew out of Vocaloid song cycles.

Vocaloid Voice Banks

(Work in progress)

  • Korean

Example Fanworks



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