The Epic of Gilgamesh
|Name:||The Epic of Gilgamesh|
|Date(s):||from c. 2100 BC|
|Medium:||epic poem, originally on clay tablets|
|Country of Origin:||ancient Mesopotamia|
|External Links:||Epic of Gilgamesh at Wikipedia|
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The Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia that is often regarded as the earliest surviving great work of literature.
It can also be considered the earliest surviving example of fanfiction, in the sense that it is a communal story built from previous tales (including earlier Sumerian poems) and oral tradition, and probably based on a real historical king.
In modern fandom and some scholarly study, the relationship between Gilgamesh and his close friend and companion Enkidu is of primary interest. Some interpret it as a canonical same-sex romantic or sexual relationship—historians generally agree the tale uses "erotic" terms to describe the relationship—while others see it as a example of "epic friendship".
Gilgamesh in Other Fandoms
- The story of Gilgamesh plays an key role in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "Darmok".
- The Epic of Giglamesh has been translated into Klingonese as ghIlghameS by Roger Cheesbro, published 2000.
- Gilgamesh is an antagonist in the visual novel Fate/stay night and its prequel Fate/Zero, and appears in other incarnations in the Nasuverse. See Gilgamesh (Disambiguation) at the Type Moon Wiki.
- Gilgamesh and Enkidu are recurring characters in a number of the Final Fantasy games (although without in-universe continuity). Gilgamesh first appears as a boss in Final Fantasy V. See Gilgamesh and Enkidu at Final Fantasy Wiki.
Links & Resources
- Epic of Gilgamesh at Wikipedia, accessed 25 February 2018.
- See Epic of Gilgamesh: Later influence at Wikipedia (accessed 25 February 2018). Also discussed in the 2018 essay "In defense of fanfiction" by LightningStreak.
- The British Museum, Same-sex desire - Heroic love in Mesopotamia (accessed 25 February 2018):
Before [Gilgamesh and Enkidu] meet Gilgamesh is told 'You will love him as a wife, you will dote on him'.
Such intimacy does not necessarily involve sexual desire. However, some historians have debated whether particular words or phrases in their story could be understood sexually, and whether Gilgamesh and Enkidu are not just friends but lovers: a ‘homosocial’ relationship or a ‘homosexual’ one? There is no clear sexual contact, but the relationship is described in erotic terms.
- List of Fan-fiction Kinks, Tropes, and Clichés by Anna S, 2006.