|Synonyms:||Distributed Fandom, Fediverse|
|See also:||A Network Of Our Own, Fandom Migration|
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Federated fandom is a term used to describe the movement towards creating a home for fans in decentralised, or federated, social platforms instead of traditional centralised social networks.
Proponents of federated fandom argue that these spaces give fans back their agency and control (as they can be run by individual fans instead of a single corporation) and help them to avoid, or minimise the impact of, the purges that have affected fans in the past (such as Strikethrough and Boldthrough and the Tumblr NSFW Content Purge). The movement began picking up momentum in late 2018 and early 2019 in the wake of the Tumblr NSFW Content Purge, thanks in part to the existence of platforms like Mastodon and Hubzilla.
The Federated Fandom Wiki describes the advantages of federation for fandom as follows:
In a fannish context, what Federation means is that individuals within fandom host servers that run one of the Federated Platforms, which allows us to interact without relying on a centralized platform like Tumblr, Twitter, or Facebook.
This means that when someone like Tumblr changes their TOS, it won't affect us. If the instance you're on changes their policies, you can move to another instance and still follow the same people (unlike if you went to Twitter and tried to follow someone on Tumblr).Because these platforms are open source, we can also change things that we don't like about them directly, instead of waiting for a corporation to listen to us when it might not benefit their bottom line.
A Discord community, distributed_fandom, also exists for fans who are interested in helping with or participating in the federated fandom movement to share ideas and knowledge, start projects, build websites and learn about federation.
Examples of Federated Fan Spaces
- see Hubzilla on Fediverse.
- Federated Fandom, run by Impertinence, is the largest fandom Hubzilla hub, and was set up as a pilot Hubzilla hub for fandom.
- oulfis.space, another generalist Pan-fandom Hubzilla hub, run by oulfis. It was created in February 2019.
- Fans are in the process of creating a fandom-friendly fork of Hubzilla with features specifically designed for fandom, called Fanzilla
Mastodon is a social media network service founded in 2016.
- Mastodon (software) on Wikipedia
- berries.space was a diversity-focused Mastodon instance, and on of the first created in response to the Tumblr Purge. It was shut down in May 2019.
- fandom.ink, run and moderated by alis, is the most prominent general fandom space on Mastodon. It was set up in the wake of the Tumblr NSFW Content Purge, and describes itself as a small instance designed for fans, fandom, fandom content creators, or just people who think the domain name is cool or whatever. It aims to recapture the feel of pre-Strikethrough fannish spaces like LiveJournal as well as fan conventions.
Despite attempts from fans to set up an instance of Plume for others to join, there are not yet any general fandom-centric instances. However, individual fans have created their own blogs on different instances of Plume.
- PeerTube on Wikipedia
- Fanvid, run by Impertinence, is a fan-hosted and fandom-focused instance of Peertube. It is currently closed to new registrants.
Fan Reactions and Commentary
The federated fandom movement has generated many positive reactions from fans who think it will be beneficial to fandom, but also criticism from those who are unsure how viable it is, for example from a technical standpoint. Below are some excerpts from fan reactions and discussions, divided by topic.
I’ve been poking around a tiny bit at some other parts of the Fediverse and Hubzilla looks really really good in a lot of ways, at least in terms of the different sorts of things you can do with it: social media posting in a Facebookish/blogging style, make wikis, discussion groups, web pages … and with really really good privacy controls. Plus you can “clone” stuff to another server which means if where you started is down for maintenance, you can login to the other site and have access to your stuff, and any updates you make will end up getting synced.
Technical Know-How/High Barriers to Entry
god tumblr is so good because youve got so much fucking ROOM and you can FORMAT TEXT like mastodon is good in theory but the entire fediverse is just too twittery and everything about twitter sucks. a character limit? and you dont even have MARKDOWN formatting nevermind a rich text editor? the entire concept blows.
Individual Fannish Liability/Illegal Content
One of the main principles of federated fandom is the idea of fans hosting and moderating individual servers or "instances". Because of this, fans have raised concerns about the idea of being liable for what they host or for what other fans might choose to post to their instance.
11. What if I post a drawing of two underage Harry Potter characters having sex? Which is illegal in quite a few countries.12. What if I'm a criminal and actually posting actual child porn? Where is that illegal content getting hosted, who is paying for that hosting, and how responsible are they for hosting illegal content?
The following discussion ensued in the comments:
I'm kind of worried about the level of personal responsibility that individual users would have to take on to figure out who is a responsible admin and who will "protect" them and their content.
Like, the nice thing about tumblr or DW or whatever "single site" is that they tend to have a reputation. (e.g. You know the difference between posting nsfw fic on AO3 vs posting nsfw fic on tumblr) If you're joining tumblr, you know you're joining a #hellsite and you know how they treat their userbase and you accept those risks for the features you get in return. But with federated fandom, you're now potentially joining instances with a wide range of different relatively unknown admins/policies and how do you know what they decide to do with their instance tomorrow when they woke up on the wrong side of the bed and didn't have their coffee. So then it basically puts the responsibility for making good decisions when picking which instances to go to entirely in the hands of a single user rather than fandom as a whole, so to speak. (If I understand the model correctly).
There's....higher risk, I guess? Of things going very badly wrong not for the fandom at large but for a particular user who picked the instance poorly.
Another discussion took place on 'Federated Fandom', a Dreamwidth post about Hubzilla by arduinna:
I could probably manage joining this from the technical side (as a long time Linux user I'm not easy to scare off, lol), but I have yet to see explained how the federated model solves the fundamental P2P problem that you host and distribute other people's content, and could end up distributing things that are illegal to distribute in your jurisdiction, especially if your local laws differ in key points from the US laws.
But right now as far as I understand my situation as a non-lawyer here, if I look at (and thus at least temporarily download) a fanart piece with say bestiality or violence I'd be fine as acquiring and owning such is ok here even if it was considered porn, but uploading to someone else might not be, because you are not supposed to distribute it.
- Federation: social media potlucks! by beautifullights1
- Federation and Fandom by Impertinence
- Distributed and Federated Fandom (notes to self) by cesperanza
- What Is Federation, Federated Fandom Wiki. Accessed December 28, 2018.
- Welcome to Federated Fandom!
- Fandom gets closer to the metal, issue 6: “IT FEDERATES!” by hit_the_books via Fandom After Tumblr, published February 3, 2019 (Accessed March 16, 2019).
- About fandom.ink
- Plume: a federated blogging application - retrieved May 2019
- Fandom gets closer to the metal, issue 5: Pesky Plume and milestones! by hit_the_books via Fandom After Tumblr. Published January 27, 2019 (Accessed March 16, 2019).
- Take back control of your videos ! #JoinPeerTube - retrieved May 2019
- Fanvid: About
- I've been poking around a tiny bit at some other parts of the Fediverse by theemperorsfeather via Tumblr. Published December 11, 2018 (Accessed March 16, 2019).
- text by codegoth via Tumblr. Posted October 6, 2018 (Accessed March 16, 2019).
- Questions about Federation by muccamukk via Dreamwidth. Published February 2, 2019 (Accessed March 16, 2019).
- Comment by sheron, published February 2, 2019 (Accessed March 16, 2019).
- Comment by ratcreature, posted February 2, 2019 (Accessed March 16, 2019).
- Comment by cesperanza, posted February 3, 2019 (Accessed March 16, 2019).
- Comment by ratcreature, posted February 3, 2019 (Accessed March 16, 2019).