Thirteen Things I Hate About Cthulhu Mythos Stories

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Title: Thirteen Things I Hate About Cthulhu Mythos Stories
Creator: ozymandias
Date(s): 2020
Medium: online
Fandom: Cthulhu Mythos
Topic: author's pet peeves for Cthulhu Mythos stories
External Links: link
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Thirteen Things I Hate About Cthulhu Mythos Stories is a meta essay by ozymandias about certain tropes in Cthulhu Mythos stories that the author finds overused overused and annoying.

Some Topics Discussed

  • How the use of some popular tropes tends to prevent authors from writing an interesting story
  • August Derleth's additions to Mythos
  • Treatment of Lovecraft's racism in Mythos stories


1. “Is the Mythos real… or am I having a psychotic break?” is the worst plotline.

Obviously it is going to turn out that the Mythos is real, because you published your story in Weird Tales and not Tales Of Unusually Complex and Rich Psychotic Breaks. The reader is not in any way in suspense about whether the Great Race of Yith actually exists in the world of your story. It is not a reveal when it turns out that (gasp) the Great Race of Yith actually existed all along!

The real problem with these stories is that, as long as the Mythos existing is in question, you can’t explore what it means that the Mythos exists. Do you try to learn as much as you can– even at the cost of your sanity– or do you try to push it all out of your mind? How do you return to normal life having seen the true nature of the universe? Does everyday existence feel meaningless and pointless in the face of the vastness of the cosmos? How do you gather the strength to fight a battle against the eldritch horrors that you know humanity is inevitably going to lose? What are you willing to sacrifice to get humanity a little bit more time?

These are the interesting questions that you cannot address as long as whether the Mythos exists at all is in question.

2. “The protagonist’s best friend who doesn’t believe in the Mythos” is the worst viewpoint character.

The primary issue with the Skeptical Best Friend as viewpoint character is that there’s basically one story you can tell with the Skeptical Best Friend:

1. The protagonist explains whatever Mythos thing is happening.

2. The skeptical best friend dismisses the protagonist as insane.

3. The protagonist gets devoured.

4. The skeptical best friend wonders if perhaps… it cannot be… but perhaps the Mythos is real…

By the very nature of the Skeptical Best Friend, they can’t desperately try to escape the monster pursuing them though they know getting caught is inevitable, or fear their inevitable transformation into an inhuman creature, or rend their sanity pursuing dark truths, or do much of anything.

3. No more writer protagonists.

Perhaps following the dictum of “write what you know,” writers of Mythos tales have an unusual tendency to make the protagonists authors, often of stories published in Weird Tales. However, I am absolutely positive that every now and again someone encounters the occult and the eldritch who is not an author. I would like to get to read their stories occasionally too.

4. H. P. Lovecraft should not exist in universe as a character whose short stories are entirely accurate descriptions of what happened in the real world, unless you have a REALLY good explanation.

This is such a specific thing to be in so many Mythos stories, but it recurs a lot and I am baffled by the implications here. What do the readers of Weird Tales think about Lovecraft? He takes actually existing Prohibition raids on small towns and disastrous Antarctic expeditions and… pretends that they’re about weird fish monsters and shoggoths? What? Wouldn’t a reader of Weird Tales think that was incredibly offensive to the people who died?

It also raises many questions about Lovecraft himself. He knows the secret forbidden truths that destroy men’s sanity and chooses to… write fantasy stories about them? Why? Why isn’t he at least writing nonfiction? And then other people are like “hm, this horror story published in Astounding Stories seems like a credible source about the history of Innsmouth”?

5. Christianity should be false.

There are many horror subgenres which can reasonably contain demons, Satanists, and Black Masses. Cosmic horror is not one of them. If demons exist, then it implies that God exists, which implies that the creator of the universe notices each sparrow and cares about each human individually and incarnated as a human to die for our sins. This is antithetical to the entire concept of cosmic horror, which is that we are irrelevant in the face of the universe.

6. Do not systematize the horrors beyond our comprehension.

We should not be capable of knowing which of the Elder Gods are allies and which are enemies, which had children together, what their goals are, or how they are pursuing their goals. Any time we come up with a system, it should be obvious that the system is at best representing one small part of a more complicated reality. If something is supposed to be a horror beyond our comprehension, we should not be able to understand it.

7. No wars of good versus evil, DERLETH.

August Derleth had one good idea, which is that the Cthulhu Mythos should be its own thing instead of just a tendency for Lovecraft to reference his other stories when writing fiction. Then, satisfied, Derleth retired from having good ideas for the rest of his life.

The Cthulhu Mythos should not be a battle between the evil Great Old Ones and the good Elder Gods. Cosmic horrors are beyond all human notions of morality, because they are fundamentally inhuman and incomprehensible.


Water. Earth. Fire. Air. Long ago, the Great Old Ones lived in harmony. Then everything changed when Cthugha attacked.

Seriously, why would you decide that Hastur needs to be an elemental spirit of air? This is the Mythos, not a New Age shop. When I hear “Hastur is the elemental spirit of air,” I immediately imagine a nice hippie lady with a floral dress and a Tarot deck who wants to read my aura and unblock my chakras. Then I think about the dozens and dozens of mediocre and entirely non-horrific fantasy novels which have used elemental associations. Then I start asking myself why Galen was right about the secret underlying nature of the universe. Galen was not in any way an occultist and also he thought the uterus was a scrotum turned inside out. Why does he know about the basic four categories which govern the Great Old Ones themselves?

9. Make your tomes in some way different from the Necronomicon.

The problem is that, perhaps to maintain flexibility, the authors do not specify what sort of information is in their tomes. But that means that the books get rather same-y after a while. The solution is to differentiate. Maybe this tome specializes in the secrets of necromancy: speaking to, summoning, and resurrecting the dead. Maybe it is the holy text of one particular cult and has little on any Great Old Ones the cult doesn’t worship. Perhaps it is a work of astrology that focuses on knowing exactly when the stars are right. Perhaps it is a history of the Black Pharaoh’s reign in Egypt. There are a lot of interesting options to make your tome unique.

10. Before you describe something as an unknowably evil horror, check that it is actually an unknowably evil horror, and not instead a totally knowable horror.

I understand that it is a genre convention that there are unknowable horrors from beyond time. We can describe the protagonist’s reaction, but the English language is insufficient to convey the enormity and majesty of the Great Old Ones. And I love it when authors describe seemingly mundane items– like the tiara in Shadow Over Innsmouth– as being alien and horrific in a way the narrator simply can’t put words to. The idea that we simply cannot comprehend most of what is happening in the universe is fundamental to the Mythos.

But before you invoke this trope, you need to check whether your horror is actually indescribable, like a Deep One’s tiara or Shub-Niggurath, or in fact it is perfectly describable, like a severed hand crawling around on its own. Severed hands crawling around on their own are gross and freaky, but I feel like I am capable of visualizing such a hand and understanding why I would be horrified if I saw one. If your narrator is telling me endlessly how spooky the hand is, I’m not going to be scared. I’m just going to be bored.

11. You should not write entire paragraphs in italics.

Italicizing an entire paragraph does not make it scarier. It just makes you seem worried that your writing won’t stand on its own so you have to use typography to indicate to the reader that this is the scary part–!

12. No long racist screeds.

Look, I am a reasonable person here. I am not demanding an end to miscegenation horror in the Mythos. I can accept that I am going to have to put up with a certain number of references to barbaric primitive tribes, Negro savages, and the natural strength and courage of the Aryan race. This is what happens when you like a fandom started by a racist in the 1930s. Society marches on.

However, I feel that when I am picking up a Cthulhu Mythos story, less than twenty percent of it should be composed of sympathetic characters discussing the latest cutting-edge findings of scientific racism. In general, if you place a Mythos story and the chatlogs of an alt-right chatroom side by side, I should be able to distinguish them in some way other than the number of times the speakers say the word “cuck.”

13. No takes on the Mythos that are exclusively “Lovecraft is racist.”

I am stirring up a hornet’s nest here, I realize. But there’s a lot of really great material in the Mythos. And a lot of the nuggets of gold are there on the ground for anyone to pick up, because instead of mining them everyone else has spent the past ninety years writing about Skeptical Best Friends and making Cthulhu a water spirit.

It is baffling to me why so many people have looked at all of the untapped material here and decided to go with writing books about how Lovecraft is really racist.

I agree! Lovecraft was a racist person and this pervades the entire Mythos. As fans of the Mythos, we should acknowledge this. I am not opposed to books exploring the racial themes of the Mythos existing. But I think that we should explore all the other fascinating material that hasn’t really been touched on. What is it like to grow up as a member of the cult of Cthulhu? Why do people worship the Great Old Ones (and, no, “insanity” is not a good answer)? What is it like to be a Deep One hybrid and slowly transform into something repulsive and alien? How do investigators cope with the trauma of living in a cosmic horror setting? How does a person readjust to normal life after being captured by the Great Race of Yith? What clever schemes can you come up with to elude the Hounds of Tindalos? There’s so much potential to explore themes of trauma and abuse and complicity and neurodivergence and wonder at the tremendous scale of the universe.

Sure, write your book about how Lovecraft is racist. But do other stuff with the Mythos too.


[Nancy Lebovitz]: I’ve noticed that most of the fiction in Lovecraft-themed anthologies is insipid, but I haven’t analysed what the problems might be.

I will put a good word in for Resume with Monsters, which make effective use of the question of whether it’s hallucinations.

I’m curious about what you think is good Lovecraftian fiction. I recommend _Carter and Lovecraft_ and _After the World Ends_ by Jonathan L. Howard.

[Angiportus Librarysaver]: 14. Stories spiced up by the mention of weird geometry could be made to really shine by someone who actually knows geometry/math.

15. If there is going to be sexual contact/interbreeding between between Great Old Ones/Deep Ones/Little People/whatever and humans, have it *not* be traumatic for the humans once in a while. This might or might not happen in the same story as the geometry.

16. Thanks, great article.
[Anaxagoras]: I think one potentially interesting take on the “Is the Mythos real?” plot could be having the Mythos faked by some party interested in concealing a more urgent and human-scale, though still supernatural, threat. Say goblins are plotting an invasion. Maybe they’re intimidated by human weaponry and want to demoralize us or distract us by making the protagonist think the threat is the inevitable rise of Cthulhu instead of a robust but not invincible army. Alternatively, maybe they worship Mythos entities and goblin illusionists are summoning maddening phantasms of their gods to rally their own troops, and this happens to have a considerable effect on the humans. The protagonist figuring out that the Mythos isn’t real, that the true threat is something they can fight, but need to take urgent action on, could make for a good story.

[loki]: What if a world where people who know of the mythos but don’t want to accidentally drive other people insane share their experiences with each other using a specific ‘fiction’ platform.

Ooh. I wonder if prior exposure to the mythos as ‘fiction‘ could have an effect (positive or negative) on how insane it makes you think encounter it/learn that it’s real? Could grappling with this stuff as fictional act like a cowpox ‘vaccine’, at least up to a point (no fun if it makes you immune, but you might be able to stay sane long enough to find out something really interesting).

[Walter]: Thank you for #13. Lovecraft’s racism may literally be more famous than the fact that dude was an author. It is bedrock at this point.

We finally got a cthulu tv series…and what was their take? The Mythos isn’t as frightening as the KKK! The mind reels. Hey, did you hear, this long dead dude was…drumroll please…a racist!

Everybody is so precious, so brave about it. Like, “2+2 is four, and I’m more than willing to say this brave truth no matter what person condemns me (which we all agree would be wrong) for my heroism”

I feel like, in truth, being an open racist that white dudes can call racist to burnish their woke points may actually be the most valuable thing dude did for society. The Mythos pales in comparison. It’s certainly referenced far less often.

[Deiseachsaid]: I’m inclined to cut the “sceptical friend” and “is the Mythos real” tropes a bit more slack; if you’re Ordinary Joe or Josie and asked to visit your old friend whom you haven’t seen in years, and when you get there they are behaving visibly oddly (because knowledge of the unseen does drive you crazy) then the most reasonable explanation is not “well golly gosh I guess leprechauns *are* real after all” but “I believe you believe they’re real (and also it’s really sad you’re having a mental breakdown” because this is the most reasonable explanation in our world.

It’s like vampires: we all know how to deal with vampires, right? Do we believe vampires really exist in our real world? No, we don’t. But we’ve consumed so much media about vampires that we ‘know’ what should and shouldn’t be done. So we tend to yell at the clueless protagonist that “hey, this is a case of vampirism, dumbass!” in a book or movie when they’re going “hmmm this sudden onset of unexplained anaemia and presence of insect bites on the neck, what could it be?”

But in the fictional world, they haven’t read and seen all the vampire books and movies. It would be as unrealistic for them to go “yup, vampires!” as it would be in our world if your blood tests came back “low in iron, slightly anaemic” as an explanation.

Same with the Mythos: within that fictional universe, knowledge is not widespread. The reason the sceptical friend is sceptical is because they haven’t heard about the Old Ones in every book, movie and TV show. So they’re going with the normal, educated, civilised reaction which is not “looks like all the village folklore about monsters in the woods is right” but “such a shame poor old Jenkins broke down like that and started believing the old wives’ tales”.

It has been overdone but then again, so has everything.

As for “Christianity is false”, I’ll go with that so long as there’s an addendum “and so is everything else”. If Father O’Malley or Pastor Brown can’t help you against the Thing in the Hills, neither can Rabbi Goldberg or the Buddhist temple or the Wise Old Native Tribal Elder. I think Lovecraft plays fair with that, generally it’s “the native Indian tribes have legends of something nasty in the area and they avoid it like the plague” because that’s the only way to survive. I’ve read one too many stories (and not just confined to the Mythos) where of course Christianity is false but Wise Old Native Traditional belief and magic works just fine: their gods, prayers, holy symbols and rituals are powerful and effective. As you point out, the Mythos doesn’t allow for that. Even the cultists are generally using a degraded system of knowledge corrupted by occultism and witchcraft, and have little to no idea of the actual (meta)physical reasons why drawing these particular shapes work; they’re running on ‘worship the gods’ not ‘advanced mathematics’ as the ability at work.