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Name/s: Francesca Coppa, fcoppa, FC
Fandom/s: fandom is my fandom
You can find me at:,
On Fanlore: My contributions / email me


I am long-time fan and also an academic. I'm one of the founding board members of the OTW, and I'm also Chair of the English Department at Muhlenberg College, and Professor of English and Film Studies. I write about a lot of different things: fan fiction, vidding, fandom history, dramatic literature, stage magic, performance studies, film studies, literary remix. I also directed a series of short films about vidding for MIT's New Media Literacy project. I do legal advocacy work with the OTW, including applying for repeated DMCA exemptions for noncommercial remixers, and writing briefs and gathering evidence in fair use cases that impact fandom, and doing general fair use advocacy on the Hill in DC>

As OTW Board Member

I've done a lot of things so far in OTW. I was a founding member and I served on the board for 5 years. I put out the first Willing to Serve and helped organize the first set of committees. I was the Secretary of the Board for a while and also a member of ADT. I was the Chair of Vidding History and a member of the Communications team. I used to be the Chair of Open Doors and was responsible for setting up the Fan Culture Preservation Project with the University of Iowa. I did some Oral History work. I've been a member of the TWC Symposium staff. My most recent role in the org is as a Fanhackers blogger (2023).

Bibliography of Fandom-Related Work


Vidding: A History, University of Michigan Press, 2022, a book that traces the history of vidding through a "critical, feminist lens".[1] The title is open-access, something that was funded in part through a restricted donation to the Organization for Transformative Works from Harry Potter Education Fanon.[2]

The Fanfiction Reader: Folk Tales for the Digital Age, University of Michigan Press, 2017, a collection of fanfiction stories in major Western fandoms with contextual and analytical essays on each.


Geraghty, Lincoln, Bertha Chin, Lori Morimoto, Bethan Jones, Kristina Busse, Francesca Coppa, Kristine Michelle “Khursten” Santos, and Louisa Ellen Stein. 2022. Roundtable: The Past, Present and Future of Fan Fiction. Humanities 11: 120. h11050120

"Slash/Drag: Appropriation and Visibility in the Age of Hamilton," Wiley Companion to Media Fandom and Fan Studies, edited by Paul Booth. Oxford, UK: Wiley Pub. 2018.  p. 189- 206.

"A Hollywood of Our Own: Media Fandom as Female Artworld," for Women do Genre in Film and Television, ed. Mary Harrod and Katarzyna Paszkiewicz, Routledge, 2018. p. 213 – 230. Longlisted for the Kraszna-Krausz Best Moving Image Book award for 2018. Winner BAFTSS (British Association of Film, Television, and Screen Studies) Best Edited Collection, 2019.

"Transformative," Keywords in Remix Studies, written with Rebecca Tushnet.  ed. Owen Gallighar, Eduardo Navas, Routledge, 2017.  p. 273 – 282.

"Conversation: Vidding and Identity: A Conversation," The Routledge Companion to Media Fandom. ed. Melissa Click and Susanne Scott. Routledge, 2017.  p. 230 – 240.

"Vidding: The Art of Flow," MashUp: The Birth of Modern Culture, Vancouver Art Gallery exhibition catalogue, Black Dog Press, 2016.  p. 150 - 153.

"The Author as Auteur: Women, Star Trek, and Early Vidding," in Gene Roddenberry's Star Trek: The Original Cast Adventures ed. Doug Brode (Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2015)

“Fuck Yeah, Fandom is Beautiful,” for Henry Jenkins special issue of the Journal of Fandom Studies, Volume 2, Number 1, 2014.  p. 73 - 82

“Writing Bodies in Space: Media Fanfiction as Theatrical Performance,” in The Fan Fiction Studies Reader (Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 2014) p. 218 – 237 (reprint of 2006 essay)

"Participations: Dialogues on the Participatory Promise of Contemporary Culture and Politics," Part 1: Creativity, with Sarah Banet-Weiser, Nancy K Baym, David Gauntlett, Jonathan Gray, Henry Jenkins and Adrienne Shaw, ed. Nick Couldry and Henry Jenkins, International Journal of Communication, 2014.

"Pop culture, fans, and social media," in The Social Media Handbook, edited by Theresa Senft and Jeremy Hunsinger (New York: Routledge, 2014) p. 76-92

Co-editor with Julie Levin Russo, Fan/Remix Video: a special issue of Transformative Works and Cultures, March 15, 2012. Introductory essay, "Fan/Remix Video (A Remix)"

"Sherlock as Cyborg: Bridging Mind and Body," in The Game Is On: The Transmedia Adventures of Sherlock, eds. Busse and Stein (2012)

"Pop culture, fans, and social media," in Routledge Handbook of Social Media (edited Theresa Senft and Jeremy Hunsinger (2012)

"An Editing Room of One's Own: Vidding as Women's Work" p. 123-130 and "How To Suppress Women's Remix" (co-written with Rebecca Tushnet) p. 131-138 in Camera Obscura, Duke University Press, Volume 26, 2011.

"Girl Genius: Nyssa of Traken," in Chicks Dig Time Lords, ed. Tara O'Shea and Lynne Thomas (Mad Norwegian Press, 2010)

"A Fannish Taxonomy Of Hotness." Cinema Journal, Summer, 2009

"Vidding," for Women in Science Fiction and Fantasy: An Encyclopedia, ed. Robin Reid. (North Carolina: Greenwood, 2008) p. 313-315.

"Women, Star Trek and the Early Development of Fannish Vidding," for Transformative Works and Cultures Issue 1, September 15, 2008.

Writing Bodies In Space: Media Fanfiction as Theatrical Performance," in Fan Fiction and Fan Communities in the Age of the Internet, ed. Hellekson & Busse, (MacFarland, 2006) p. 225-244.

"A Brief History of Media Fandom," in Fan Fiction and Fan Communities in the Age of the Internet, ed. Hellekson & Busse, (MacFarland, 2006) p. 41-59.

Other Writing

"An Archive of Our Own: Fan Fiction Writers Unite!" Anne Jameson, ed. Fic: Why Fanfiction Is Taking Over the World, (Smart Pop, 2013) p. 274 – 280

Curator, In Medias Res. January 28, 2008. “Pressure” - a metavid by the California Crew.

Curator, In Medias Res. November 19, 2007. "Celebrating Kandy Fong: Founder of Fannish Music Video."

Guest Blogger, Gender and Fan Culture Series, Confessions of an Aca-Fan: The Official Weblog of Henry Jenkins. Debate with Robert Kozinets, York University. September 6 -7, 2007. Part One and Part Two.

Lectures and Conferences

Talk, “Vidding as Criticism/Vidding as Cinema,” given in roundtable on the intersections of vidding and videographic criticism, SCMS Denver, April 2020; cancelled COVID;  given March 21, 2021.

Invited public lecture, “Vidding and the Oppositional Gaze,” and class visit to FMST041: Fan Culture, Swarthmore College, October 20 & 22, 2020.

Filmed panel with Mel Stanfill, Tisha Turk, and Rebecca Tushnet, University of Central Florida, for ongoing use in their class, ENG 3612:Texts & Technologies. September 21, 2020.

Series of filmed interviews by Kathryn Conrad, Chair of the English Department of the University of Kansas, for use in her class, Topics in Genre: Fanfiction. May 27, 2020.

Invited Lecture, “Feminist Open Access and Internet Publishing,” History and Theory of New Media Lecture Series, Berkeley Center for New Media, March 12, 2020.

Invited Participant, “Fan Salon,” Berkeley Center for New Media, Berkeley, CA, October 9, 2019.

Invited Lecture, "Radical Infrastruture: The OTW and the AO3," Berkeley, CA October 8, 2019.

“Fan Vidding: Making Mass Culture Musical,” Across the Live, University of York, September 17, 2019

Panelist, “Feminist Perspectives: Sex and Gender in the Creative Economy and Beyond,” on Lydia Panas exhibition, Muhlenberg College, March 12, 2019.

Guest, "Theories of Spectatorship: Fan Studies," at Middlebury College, Prof. Louisa Stein. October 11, 2018.

Panelist, Platforms that Matter: Fans and Digital Spaces, HASTAC, November 2, 2017.

“Visual Poetry: Teaching Transmedia With Fanvids,” for Teaching With Fan Video: Pedagogies and Classroom Strategies. SCMS, March 26, 2017.

Invited Speaker, panel, "Contextomy: a fallacy" at Brooklyn POWRPLNT February 12, 2017.

Panel, Remix Culture: Archiving and Performing Transformative Works of the Media Fandom and Hip Hop Cultures, IASA 2016, September 25-29, 2016.

"Tagging and Triggers: What fan works can teach us about teaching lit and film," SCMS Roundtable on Ethics and Fan Studies, April 2, 2016.

Invited Speaker, "Six Celled Cinema: Remix and Fan Video," for "Cinematic Bricoleurs: Remixing, restyling, and repurposing in contemporary filmmaking practice," TRI-PACT event, King's College London January 8, 2016.

Interviewer, "A Conversation with Neil Gaiman," Empie Theatre, Muhlenberg College, November 16, 2015.

"Epigrammatic Writing and the Performance of Mastery," Aphoristic Modernity, July 4, 2015 University of York.

Moderator, "Why Fanworks Should Be Celebrated," OTW chat with professional authors, Feb 8, 2015. <>

Lecture and consultant, "Cut Up" exhibition at the Museum of the Moving Image, NYC. June 29 – September 15, 2013.  <> Public Talk: “Remix Before YouTube,” August 9, 2013.

Plenary Speaker, "Building Archives of Our Own: Fans Conserving Fanworks." Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Archivists Association, Indianapolis, April 18, 2013.

"'It's Life, Jim, But Not As We Know It': Monstrous and Alien Life," for The End of Cinema and the Future of Cinema Studies, U. Penn, April 11, 2013.

Public Talk, "Transmedia/Fan Media," Swarthmore College, March 6, 2013. Liveblogged at <>

Workshop Co-Facilitator (with Elisa Kriesinger), "Talking Back To Culture Through Feminist Remix," Scholar and Feminist Conference, Barnard College, March 2, 2012.

"Fandom: In Defense of Amateur Culture," Convocation Speaker (via Skype), Bethel College, February 25, 2013

Guest Lecture, "It's The End of Publishing As We Know It (and I feel fine)," Dana Forum, Muhlenberg College. November 13, 2012.

Consultant, Spectacle: The Music Video, Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinatti, March 3-September 3, 2012

"Song Choice: The Key To Vidding" Middlebury College, January 23, 2012.

"The Feminist Spectator as Vidder," National Women's Studies Association conference, November 10-13, 2011.

"Handmade Multiculturalism," Multicultural Film Series, Muhlenberg College, October 27, 2011.

"Fair Use and Remix Culture: Transforming Consumers into Makers of Culture," Yale Law Tech Speakers Series, Yale University, September 21, 2011.

"Copyright and Freedom of Expression: Leadership in Communication Research," ICA, May 27, 2011.

Transmedia, Hollywood 2: Visual Culture and Design, April 8, 2011. UCLA.

Fair Use as Civil Right: Expansion of Expression for Scholars, Teachers, Learners, SCMS, March 12, 2011.

"Remix Before YouTube: Analog Remix" @ University of Pennsylvania Cinema Studies Faculty Colloquium, Dec 1, 2010.

“Fan Art as Counternarrative: Responding to Popular Culture.” Cooper Union's Interdisciplinary Seminar, November 9, 2010

Curator, "Vidding 2007-2009", 24/7 2010: The State of the Art in DIY, USC, Hammer Auditorium, Los Angeles, October 8, 2010

"Theory of Remix: Part I," at Open Video Conference, October 1, 2010.

Curator, with Elisa Kreisinger, Vidding Exhibition for Open Video Conference, October 1-2 2010.

"Minority Report: Fan Works and Multicultural Voices," Bard College, March 4, 2010.

"Things We Don't Have In The Future...And How Fan Arts Can Help" University of the Arts, Sept 23, 2009.

"Who Owns Pop Culture? Remix and Fair-Use in the Age of Corporate Mass Media," Open Video Conference, June 20, 2009.

IP/Gender, American University School of Law, April 24, 2008.

"Women's Work" (with Rebecca Tushnet). Gender on the Frontiers: Confronting Intersectionalities. Columbia Journal of Gender and Law Triennial Symposium: April 10, 2009

"Music as a tool for analyzing visual media," at Mashup: The Future of Cultural Production and Ownership. March 12-13, 2009. The Ohio State University Moritz College of Law (in conjunction with the Wexner Center for the Arts).

"Fair Use and the Future of the Commons," USC/ Institute for Multimedia Literacy, October 27, 2008.

"Media Cannibals: A History of Vidding Women," IP/Gender: Mapping the Connections, American University School of Law, April 4, 2008.

"Media Fetish: The Vidshow." Beyond Queer: The Spectacle of the Performing Body; Pride Event: Brown University, April 6, 2008. Partial Transcript.

"From Number One to First Lady: Trek's Christine Chapel and the Development of Fannish Music Video," Slash 3: The Final Cut (Leicester, UK; Feb 25, 2008)

"Geneology of Vidding," 24/7: A DIY Video Summit (February 8-10, 2008; School of Cinematic Arts, University of Southern California)

Panelist, Ad Hoc Vox: a discussion addressing the creation of fictitious identities in narrative. Bellwether Gallery. November 27, 2007.

"'We are controlling transmission': Female Video Editors and the Literary Music Video." "Creative Transformation: Specificity and Continuity in Unofficial Creative Authorship," MIT5: Creativity, Ownership, and Collaboration in the Digital Age (April 27-29, 2007)

"Media Cannibals: A History of Vidding Women," Inside/Outside: The Gaze and PsychoAnalysis. Feminism(s): Film, Video, and Politics Symposium. University of Hartford, April 21, 2007

"Embodying the Geek Hierarchy: Media Fanfiction and Theatrical Performance," Fantasy and Fan Fiction: Merging Modes and Genres in Appropriated Texts. ICFA, March 17-20, 2005.

Selected Media Appearances

"Dr. Francesca Coppa on Fanfiction," Uncovering Publishing podcast with Emma Kiesling and Sydney Allen. Part of UCL's publishing program. June 2, 2023

Interviewed for "5 Things Francesca Coppa Said," OTW 15th Anniversary Special, September 13, 2022.

Interviewed for, "An Archive of Our Own’s 15-year journey from blog post to fanfiction powerhouse," by Jay Castello. The Verge, Aug 15, 2022.

Interview with Neda Ulaby, “Archive of Our Own Fanfiction Website is Up for A Hugo Award,” NPR, All Things Considered, August 16, 2019

Interviewed by Jess Joho for, “It’s Time for the Marvel Cinematic Universe to Get Queer,” Mashable, May 7, 2019.

Interview with Caitlin Busch for NBC/Syfy Wire, “An Archive of Our Own: How AO3 built a nonprofit fanfiction empire and safe haven,” Feb 12, 2019 <>

Interviewed by Adrienne Gaffney for Billboard Magazine, "The Business of Fandom: How Teenage Girls Predict the Future of Culture," 9/13/2017

Guest on episode "Teenage Girls are Magic" on podcast, "Strong Opinions, Loosely Held," Refinery 29, taped 6/8/17, released 8/6/7. <> or on iTunes.

Guest, "Fanfiction." The Why Factor, BBC World Service radio show, broadcast: 3/28/16.

Interviewed for "Get Ready for More Sherlock Holmes As Appeals Court Affirms Character Is in Public Domain," by Peter Decherney. Forbes. June 19, 2014. Online at:


Interviewed for "Vampire Diaries Writer Bites Back," by Alexandra Alter, Wall Street Journal, April 17, 2014. Online at: <>

Interviewed for "Kindle Worlds: Do fan fiction writers want to make money?" BBC News Magazine, broadcast May 27, 2013. < >

Guest "The Power of Pop Culture," The Stream, Aljazeera, Feb 12, 2013. <>

Interviewed for "When Harry Met Frodo: The Strange World of Fan Fiction" for BBC Radio 4, broadcast November 26, 2012.

Talking Head, "Can Fans Change Society?" Off Book, PBS.  Released 9/7/12 < > or  <>

Interviewed for NPR's Morning Edition, "Original Fiction in All The 'Shades' Of Fandom." 7/13/ 12 <>

Inteviewed by Margot Adler about Pottermore for NPR's All Things Considered. Pottermore Brings Harry Potter To The Digital World. June 23, 2011.

Interviewed for National Public Radio's All Things Considered segment on vidding: Vidders Talk Back To Their Pop-Culture Muses by Neda Ulaby, broadcast February 25, 2009.

Invited participant, "Will Code of Best Practices Help Video Mash-Up Artists Stay Legal?" by Mark Glaser, PBS MediaShift. Email roundtable on the Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Online Video. Part one, including me: July 30, 2008; Parts two and three: Aug. 4 and 11, 2008. Part One Part Two Part Three

"Remixing Television: Francesca Coppa on the vidding underground," interview by Jesse Walker, Reason: Free Minds and Free Markets. August/September 2008, p. 57-63.

Talking Head/Interviewee, A Video Summit, Anthrovlog. 2008.

NPR/PRI's "Open Source Radio" hour-long exploration of "Fan Fiction," broadcast on June 13th, 2005, 6-7 PM.

Video Work

Director, [ttp:// Vidding], a documentary on remix culture produced by the Organization for Transformative Works in partnership with MIT and New Media Literacy, 2008. Edited by Laura Shapiro. Sound by AbsoluteDestiny. Segments include:

  1. What is Vidding? (2:48)
  2. Technology and Tools (3:09)
  3. Good Vids, Bad Vids (3:18)
  4. I like to watch (3:19)
  5. Collaboration and Community (3:03)
  6. Why We Vid (3:50)
  1. ^ Tweet by University of Michigan Press, February 24, 2022. Accessed May 3, 2023.
  2. ^ We also received our first restricted donation: US$5,161.62 from HP Education Fanon, Inc., a fellow 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization committed to promoting the benefits of reading that sadly ceased operations in 2018. The donation will go toward supporting Francesca Coppa’s book on the history of fan vidding for the University of Michigan Press, which is currently in production. The money will be used to pay for the University of Michigan to host the fanvids referenced in the book, as well as assist in making the book free for everyone to read and use. 2020 Budget Update Post, Organization for Transformative Works, October 7, 2020. (Accessed May 3, 2023).