|Scope/Focus:||Japanese rock music RPF|
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J-Rock refers to Japanese rock music. The RPF fandom rose in the late 90's, with the popularity of visual kei bands like Malice Mizer and Dir en Grey, as well as more mainstream rock bands such as L'Arc-en-Ciel and GLAY. In the 90's and early 00's, J-Rock RPF fandom was mostly conducted via mailing list and a few archive websites.
Visual kei bands don elaborate costumes and makeup and put on complex stage productions, similar to glam rock, though with a stronger androgynous fashion sense. Band members are frequently shipped with each other, and bands sometimes engage in fanservice, touching or kissing on stage.
In the late 90's and early 00's, popular bands included: