Beauty and the Beast (TV)
|Name:||Beauty and the Beast|
|Country of Origin:||United States|
|External Links:||IMDB, wikipedia|
|Click here for related articles on Fanlore.|
Beauty and the Beast was a fantasy television series that ran on CBS from 1987 until 1990. The series offered an updated retelling of the classic Beauty and the Beast fairy tale: the romance between Catherine, a savvy assistant DA in New York, (Beauty) and Vincent, a lion-man (Beast) who lives in a secret Utopian community of social outcasts beneath New York City.
Because the cast changed in season 3, when Catherine Chandler died and a new character, Diana Bennett, became the female lead, investigating Catherine's murder, there is a split between what is referred to in the fandom as "Classic Beauty and the Beast", i.e. stories with Vincent and Catherine (either set in the first two seasons or denialfic, specifically known as "She's Not Dead" or SND in the fandom), and S3 stories with Diana. The latter however is much less popular in fandom, both because the character death destroyed the main ship of Vincent/Catherine, but also because season 3 had only twelve episodes, so there was not time for the new configuration to grow on anyone. Also the network tried to attract the coveted "male viewer" so the tone had changed in S3 as well.
The fan community was very proactive, writing and publishing fanzines, attending conventions, and, in the early days of online communication, creating mailing lists and bulletin boards. In addition, the fandom has produced an extensive body of fanart (see Journeys (Beauty and the Beast calendar) for an overview of artists from the early 1990s). For a more comprehensive overview of fan writers and artists written by Jo Ann Baca in 2008, go here.
Appeal of the Show
A fan in 1990 wrote: "[I like] B&B because it's a Gothic romance and a forbidden love, and these always seem more interesting to me." 
Another fan wrote in 1993: "First and foremost, I like it because it's the most romantic series I've ever seen on television. It's a nice change from the violence or silly wise-cracks of other shows. Another thing I like is that it refers to and quotes from literature, especially poetry. It assumes the viewer has the intelligence to appreciate the references, and not be annoyed or bored by them. One of my favorite scenes in the whole series is at the end of the first episode with Eliot Birch. When his empire has fallen down around him and they superimpose over a scene of him sitting in his office, the voice of Vincent reciting the poem Ozymandius (sp?), it is just so appropriate and symbolic. I also like the underground world, especially the character of Father. It's a nice to imagine a world where people help each other, and live by moral codes that sometimes aren't easy to find in the "real" world." 
The Classic vs. Season 3 Split
For another example of a fandom that split over casting or production changes see the Ray Wars (Due South).
When Catherine's character was written out of the show, fandom split between those who liked seasons 1 and 2 and those who liked (or at least tolerated) Season 3. Abbreviations multiplied: you were a "Classic" fan if you did not embrace the third season. You were a "S3" fan if you did. Season 3 fans would often refer to themselves as "All Seasons" fans because they felt "Third Season Fan" was misleading as it referred to a very small percentage of BATB fans: those who preferred the third season over the first two seasons.
Less positive terms for Classic fans included: 'Rabid Classic Fan', 'Militant Classic Fan', "Catherinite' and 'Nay-sayer'.
Passions ran high and the level of animosity towards Season 3 stories was fierce.
A zine publisher in 1989 had some challenges in sorting fans out:"Up until [season 3] things had been fine, but, when that third season came out, it became instant warfare. Instant warfare. If you dared say that you liked Diana— For example, I published an issue of a Beauty and the Beast zine after that came out, and I had a, like, three-page story which was just a Diana story? I had people send me back my flyer, which talked about this, torn to pieces. And, this didn't happen to me but it happened to Dovya, who also published a Beauty and the Beast zine at the time. She had the same situation happen, but someone—more than one person—tore the story out of the zine, ripped it up in pieces and sent it back to her. It's like, overreaction much?"
While we welcome your comments on any published work of Destiny Press, we must ask you to refrain from writing your comments on the S#3 controversy to us. A fictionzine is neither an effective clearinghouse for fan opinion concerning the series, nor a useful forum for it. Yet we must have a way to code ourmailing list so that those who would find even a flyer on Legend, for example, truly unwelcome, would not be sent one. There is only one practical way: Which SASE's you have on file with us will have to be sufficient indication of your preference. So due mainly to this Classic vs. S#3 factor, but partly also because of the rising costs of mass mailing flyers, we will have to limit all future zine announcements to only those who have sent an SASE for a specific publication. 
For much more, see Beauty and the Beast: The Classic vs. Season 3 Fandom Split.
Almost Exclusively a Het and Gen Fandom
Because the TV show was firmly rooted in traditional romance storylines, fan fiction has been and remains primarily gen and het. A small smattering of slash stories have been written. It is unclear if any slash fanzines were ever printed. Most slash can be found in online multi-fandom archives. The fact that no slash appears in any of the Beauty and the Beast fan fiction archives or fanzines might indicate that the fandom was - and is - not receptive to slash fiction or slash writers. Others have said that it is not that the fandom is not receptive to slash fiction, but rather that few fans want to read (or write) about non-canon pairings of any sort, given the strong character relationships in the show. The controversy over Vincent/Diana third season pairing stories lends this argument some weight.
Places to find slash fiction:
- The Complete Kingdom of Slash (1999) - one story 
- Wonderful World of Make Believe Archive (2000) - one story
- Bride of Frisky Business -- Secret Places by Hannah (Vincent/Devon)
A Fandom of Boundaries
In many ways, fanworks tend to be as safe and risk-adverse as the canon was. An almost complete lack of alternate sexualities and, aside from many fans' aversion to the character of Diana and the entire third season, there is a tendency for fans to be very well-behaved in their treatment of characters. Darkfic is light on the ground.One of the writers was George R.R. Martin, and in a 2014 interview commented about his experience with the show:
... there were constant limitations. It wore me down. There were battles over censorship, how sexual things could be, whether a scene was too "politically charged," how violent things could be. Don't want to disturb anyone. We got into that fight on Beauty and the Beast. The Beast killed people. That was the point of the character. He was a beast. But CBS didn't want blood, or for the beast to kill people. They wanted us to show him picking up someone and throwing them across the room, and then they would get up and run away. Oh, my God, horrible monster! [Laughs] It was ludicrous. The character had to remain likable. 
Even het stories that push the traditional romance narrative have not been well received by the fandom. (See the Black Cover fanzine). Likewise, stories that challenge the reality of the show have disturbed and upset readers For more, see "The Bridge, published in Kaleidoscope #1. It is a story that presents Vincent and the Tunnels below as a hallucination that Catherine creates in order to cope with the trauma of her assault. A copy can be found here. The author discusses fans reactions to her story, which included accusations that she "destroyed the dream" in Winterfest Interview with Cynthia Hatch.
".....a lot of the early Beauty and the Beast fanzine editors had come from other fandoms. And, there were a lot of brand new people in that fandom as well. This was their first fandom, this was the first time doing a zine, but they were still building on what had been established by other zine editors. I think some of the earliest Beauty and the Beast zines were from people from other fandoms. New people came in, took that as their model, and ran with it."
Fanworks in the Beauty and the Beast fandom are almost one hundred percent het (much of it erotic, explicit and otherwise) and primarily Vincent/Catherine, with some Vincent/Diana, and its fanzines reflect these two pairings.
A Fan Remembers Print Zines
I think BatB was one of the last primarily dead-tree fandoms. The internet was just getting started, and a few of us found online discussion groups or bulletin boards, but most of the fic was in print zines. X-Filesfandom was just getting started, and that was the big crossover—there were a fair number of print zines, but the majority of XF fic was published online.
Back then, zines usually debuted at conventions, either the BatB cons themselves or MediaWest and Shore Leave and other multi-fandom cons. I will never forget the crazed horde that descended on the dealers’ room at the first Tunnelcon, which was in 1990, before most people had access to the internet. The convention was small, not even 500 people, I think, but holy shit. People were standing about five deep at every single table in the room for the first twenty minutes and cash was changing hands faster than you could spit.
We could hear the noise of the crowd before they opened the doors, and our table was all the way across the room from the entrance. It was the first fandom experience for a lot of us, and there were a lot of nervous looks flying around when the doors opened and everybody piled in. (I kinda know how Ron Perlman felt at South of Oz when the entire audience, as one, leaned forward in their seats when he first came on stage. He actually took a step back.)
One big difference with print zines is that there were a lot less abandoned WIPs. Editors sometimes published sequels over several issues, but usually even the long fic was complete in one issue, so we didn’t have to wait for updates and got to read the entire story in one go.
We wrote for love, but we didn’t write for free. Contributors usually got free copies of the zine their work appeared in, but paper and printing and half-tone images and cover stock and COMB BINDING oh dear Lord, all came out of the editors’ pockets, so we charged anywhere from $10 to $25 per zine, depending on how many pages we had to print and how much art there was. I always had a lot of art in my zines, but there were editors who stuck mostly to text because that kept their cost down. There were a couple that went for closer to $30, but they were close to 200 pages and art-heavy.
The down side of print zines was that even if the stories were complete, you still had to wait for new zines to come out. We were a pretty prolific fandom, but several months between issues was the norm, and sometimes it took a year. So conventions would come around and we’d buy as many zines as we could afford (or trade other publishers for).
A lot of people rationed the stories out, but I wasn’t usually good with that, so most of the stuff I bought, I ended up reading at the conventions or on the plane home. It wasn’t uncommon to see about lots of people in your field of view reading one zine or another in the lulls between con events. Most of us only got to talk to each other at cons, though, so there was a lot of socializing and catching up. Which, naturally, included a lot of, “Have you read X yet?!?!?!” kind of flailing and squeeing.the Olden Days was often feast or famine for fic, and you either had a whole lot at once or none for months most of the time. 
In 2011, during the relaunch of the Crystal Rose Lending Library, a fanzine lending library, the new librarians JoAnna Becca and Carol W attempted to identify the first Beauty and the Beast fanzine: "...but the answer wasn't clear-cut. Several zines were published in 1988, some with the month noted, most without. It was impossible to ascertain which zine was the absolute first." Instead they suggested fans start with a series of the earliest fanzines, all published in 1988.
- Above and Below, Vol. 1
- The Book of Secrets, Vol. 1
- Cascade of Dreams, Vol. 1
- Heartsounds, Vol. 1
- Mirrors, Vol. 1
- Safe Places, Vol. 1
- Tunnels, Vol. 1
Go here for a list of Beauty and the Beast fanzines on Fanlore (for a complete list see Category:Beauty and the Beast Zines. For other Beauty and the Beast fanzine listings see the Qfer, The Beauty & the Beast Buyer's Guide to Fanzines and The Beauty & the Beast Fictionzine Database.
Project for the Sight-Impaired
Fan-Created and/or Marketed Merchandise
See Fandom and Profit.
This fandom was unique in the amount of fan-created and/or merchandise produced and sold. Beauty and the Beast fans created, and had the option to buy a vast variety of fan-created goods: candles, small stained glass windows, t-shirts, book bags, fannish dolls, rubber stamps, belt buckles, paper weights, buttons, letter openers, needlepoint pillows, and jewelry are just some examples.
It may be that the amount of fan created merchandise that Beauty and the Beast fandom has led to so many restrictions against sharing and preserving BatB fanworks. While these restrictions were typical of the late 1980s (when the fandom first sprang into existence), BatB never moved towards the more free form communication methods typical of fandoms that are more rooted in the Internet era. For example, few BatB fans took part of the blogging migration in the 2000s and none have moved to tumblr in the 2010s. Both platforms are open to the public, do not require any vetting or screening in order to participate, and in the case of tumblr, the platforms encourage reblogging and sharing of content. Even when all commercial motivations are absent, both vetting and permission are required. For example, fandom history preservation may only be done with the permission of the original fans.
In 2009, an attempt to create an online museum showcasing Beauty and the Beast memorabilia was met with resistance by some established members of the fandom. The 5 year long dispute is documented at the The Treasure Chambers Museum.
"October 30, 2009: The WFOL Candlemakers sent a letter to the Project members, expressing "concerns" and committed to their "concept" of a "museum" (the BBMD). They also claimed a right to use the term "museum" and any work done on one. They asked, in patronizing language, for a cease and desist of all work on the Project's museum site, then displaying 182 items, until it could be discussed."
It is not surprising that this has led some fans to remark:
"I find the Beauty and the Beast fandom, along with Darkover, and those old-school, original Trek offshoot universes to be mind-blowing in the level of control and rules. They fly in the face of what I envision fandom -- sharing, and flying, having conversations via creations, and thumbing ones' nose at dictatorships."
self insertion art for sale -- "If you've ever dreamed of becoming a part of the world of the Tunnels, I can whisk you there with the stroke of a "Magic Pencil." Picture yourself interacting with Vincent or chatting with Catherine. Perhaps you'd like to go exploring with Mouse or Jamie or just share a cup of tea with Father in his study. All of things are possible.... The figures, Tunnel clothing, and the chambers will be finely rendered in detail. The emotion, feeling, and sentiment will be appropriate to the action in the drawing. You will feel that you are really a part of the world Below."
screenshots for sale, page one, see Photo Reference -- "Have you always wanted a photo of your favorite scene? Wished to capture a special moment in B & B history? Needed a unique, distinctive look or moment for illustration purposes, artistic reference? Thought such a idea was impossible? Accomplished photographer, with proven ability, willing to do scene specific photographs from all episodes. Reasonable prices."
art for sale: "'Vincent & Windows to the Soul' -- "Number one in a series of limited Edition, signed and numbered art prints, this first portrait is by Rosemarie Hauer of Austria. Well known in fandom, Rosi's work comes from the heart. It shows. Limited to 2000 . Being offered on a 'first come, first served' basis, the POWER of the paint encapsulated below, cannot be done justice in a mere flyer. Those of you who know me at all, know I don't make that many recommendations in either 'zines or artwork; feeling those choice better left to the individual. But THIS... This portrait I reccomend with all my heart. Pre-paid orders are being accepted now. Don't miss this one! 'Windows to the Soul' is printed on the finest linen stock available. Size 8 1/2 x 11. Ivory toned, matted in chinese blue."
a Vincent doll available for $199, "Approximately 18 inches tall, his head, hands, and boots sculpted and fired in porcelain clay, "Vincent" is poseable and huggable and is dressed in the finest "tunnel toggery," complete with hooded cloak and leather belt and appointments. He wears a white rose in a leather pouch hung around his neck. Garments are created for each doll and will differ from doll to doll. If you have a preference of outfit, please state at the time of ordering which episode and scene, and we will do our best to duplicate that outfit... Expect a three-month wait. We do not have dolls made up ahead of time and these things take time. If Vincent will forgive the metaphore [sic], we make each doll from scratch," from Solstice Press
an order form from Solstice Press
an order form for candles and necklaces from Martin Enterprises
letter openers and belt buckles for sale by Solstice Press
fanart for sale by Jan Durr
For some interviews with Beauty and the Beast fans, see Category:Beauty and the Beast Fan Interviews.
Numerous conventions have been held over the years, both commercial and fan-organized. The first commercial convention was held in 1988 in Los Angeles, with several of the actors in attendance. The first fan-run convention was TunnelCon held in 1990 in Las Vegas, NV. In 2007, the fandom celebrated its 20th anniversary of the TV show at A Without Limits, a convention held in Culver City, CA (convention splashscreen is archived here). A convention was held held in 2010 in San Diego, CA and a promotional video was created to advertise the convention. The 2011 convention was held in New Orleans and on the 25th anniversary of the show, the 2012 convention will be held in Dallas, Texas with a proposed mirror convention held in the UK.
General Convention Info:
- List of B&B conventions.
- Archived convention info and reports, 1990-2004
- Beauty and the Beast Convention History
- TunnelCon a fan run convention that ran from 1990-1994.
- South of Oz (convention) - 1991, Orlando, Florida.
- Masquerades (Beauty and the Beast convention) - 1991-2000, Birmingham, UK
- Great Expectations (Beauty and the Beast convention) - 1993, Austin, TX.
- A Distant Shore (Beauty and the Beast convention) I - 1995, Los Angeles, CA.
- A Kingdom by the Sea (1996 Beauty and the Beast convention) - 1996, Norfolk, VA.
- Reflections (Beauty and the Beast convention) - 1997, Minneapolis, MN
- Beauty at the Beach (Beauty and the Beast convention) - 1998, Virginia Beach, VA.
- A Kingdom by the Sea Revisited (convention) - 1999, Orlando, FL
- A Distant Shore (Beauty and the Beast convention) II - Remember Love 2000, Los Angeles, CA
- Once Upon A Time In the City of New York (Beauty and the Beast convention) - 2001, New York, NY
- A Kingdom by the Sea (2002 Beauty and the Beast convention) - 2002, Orlando, FL
- Follow Your Heart (Beauty and the Beast convention) - 2003, San Francisco, CA
- Of Love and Hope (Beauty and the Beast convention) - 2004, Kansas City, MO
- Catherine and Vincent's Excellent Adventure (Beauty and the Beast convention) - 2005, Burlington, Vermont
- Remember the Magic (Beauty and the Beast convention) - 2006, Denver, CO
- A Life Without Limits (Beauty and the Beast convention) - 2007 & 2008, Culver City, CA & The Meadowlands, NJ
- Another Life, Another Dream (Beauty and the Beast convention) - 2009, New Orleans, LA.
- Haply I Think On Thee (Beauty and the Beast convention) - 2010, San Diego, CA.
- Thy Sweet Love Remember'd (Beauty and the Beast convention) - 2011, New Orleans, LA.
- Chamber Music and Memories (Beauty and the Beast convention) - 2012, Dallas, TX
- I Bid My Heart to Follow - 2013, Cleveland, OH
- OzCon - April 12–14, 2013, Sydney, Australia
Like many fandoms of the 1990s, Beauty and the Beast has a songvid community. However, like the rest of the fandom, their vid creators rarely interact with the rest of media fandom and little is known about their works or vid traditions. Fan vids have been a main feauture the annual fan run conventions for decades. More recent vidders showcase their vids on Youtube or their own websites.A few examples of early VCR vids:
"[The episode] No Way Down was the background for the first music video I ever made to the song 'Somewhere Out There'. It was the only episode used, and as a novice I did have a few "glitches" but still it was one of my best achievements. One of these days I hope to do more, but with the quality of music videos out there, and the fact that I only have consumer machines (not the fancy jog-shuttle- editing type) I can not match this quality no matter how good the idea is. It was good to see them replay 'My Boyfriend's Back' from South of Oz at TunnelCon III."
- NovTek - a prolific fan vid company popular in the mid to late 1990s. They filmed many of the annual fan conventions and also hosted panels on how to make fan vids.
- Annabelle Lee's Music Videos
- BatBLand Music Videos - hosts vids from multiple vidders
- Gin's Vids on Youtube - archived website version
- Jess's B&B Vids on Youtube
In the early 1990s, the fandom offered annual awards to fanzine writers, artists and publishers: Beauty and the Beast Fan Quality Awards. Voting was open to all of fandom and the awards were announced at various conventions. It is unclear whether awards are still being offered for either print or online fiction.
Beauty and the Beast fan interactions originally began offline and fannish activities and fan fiction were circulated in fanzines and newsletters. Gatherings were in person at conventions or via local fan clubs. Some of the activity has been archived online (see below). As fans moved into the Internet in the early 1990s, there was a gradual shift to online interactions; however fanzines and conventions continue to be produced up to the present. Some fan clubs are still active.
- The Treasure Chambers "Official site of the B&B Museum Project's Museum" - feature museum galleries, fan fiction, links, audio readings, free cross-stitch downloads, swap page, more.
- The "Helpers' Network Quality Fanzine Review Online" a.k.a. "The Qfer" (comprehensive fanzine listing of all Beauty & Beast fanzines in print).
- Internet Beauty and the Beast URL Database.
- Songs of the Bluebird (ezine) (Launched in the fall of 1995, it is now in "archive" mode, and is no longer regularly updated. It tracked fan fiction, websites, mailing lists, fan clubs and conventions)
- Beauty and the Beast Library Hub (fan fiction and zine sources - last updated in 2005)
- The Beauty and the Beast Reading Chamber (both Vincent/Catherine and Vincent/Diana fan fiction - still active)
- Tunnel Tales - fan fiction archive (still active)
- Beauty and the Beast Fan Fiction Database (a searchable fan fiction archive - status ?)
- The Crystal Rose (fan website that also hosted the Crystal Rose Fanzine Lending Library)
- The Classic Alliance of Beauty and the Beast (here) (CABB) (a combination of fan fiction and historical archive, focusing on fans of the "Classic" storyline featuring Vincent and Catherine).
- B&BLand (hosts convention videos along with fan made music videos - still active)
- Chandler's Beauty and the Beast website (offers links to major fandom websites along with fan art)
- The Steam Tunnels (adults only fan fiction archive - still active], also has an adult art section here and here)
- Marina's Art Archive (actually a multi-author/artist website hosting fan fic and artwork, to read archived fan fiction go here and here)
- Beauty and the Beast Memorabilia Museum! - Batb fans documenting their own history
- BBTV Tunnels Yahoo Mailing List (started in 2001, focuses on only the first two seasons)
- Cabb Connections Yahoo mailing list - founded in May 2001, renamed "Kayla's Caverns" in June 2002, allows all seasons
- Irecommend - founded in 2002 by CABB, a place for fans to share fanfic recommendations (only for the first two seasons)
- Tunnel Tales, Etc. - founded by CABB in 2002 as a replacement for CABB Connections, now offline
- Of Love and Hope - an early mailing list, 1993-1999 which is archived
Every year, fans still gather virtually to celebrate a week long "Winterfest" (a holiday celebrated on the show by the dwellers who lived beneath New York City).The site is offered in 4 languages. During the festival, art and fan fiction is shared. It is organized by the Wintercandlemakers Committee, a group of fans made up of members from across the world.
- "The world above us is cold and gray; summer, a distant memory. Our world too has known its winters, so each year we begin this feast in darkness, as our world began in darkness.
- Long before the city above us raised its towers to the sky, men sought shelter in these caverns. In those days these tunnels were dark places, and those who dwelt here dwelt in fear and isolation.
- This was a land of lost hope, of twisted dreams, a land of despair, where the sounds of footsteps coming down a tunnel were the sounds of terror. Where men reached for knives and rocks and worse at the sound of other men's voices.
- At last a few people learned to put aside their fear. And we began to trust each other, to help each other. Each of us grew stronger - those who took the help and those who gave it.
- We are all part of one another: one family, one community. Sometimes we forget this, and so we meet here each year to give thanks to those who have helped us and to remember:
- Even the greatest darkness is nothing, so long as we share the light. (Opening Words of Winterfest)
Archives of previous Winterfests (2004-2008) can be found here
- Bluebird Bulletin Board Archives.
- reference link.
- from an artist's bio in Forever and Always #2 (1990)
- a comment by Betty in September 1993, from Of Love and Hope v.1 n.1
- In volume 3 Of Love and Hope one fan traced the origins of the term nay-sayer:
Another fan wrote:"I'd like to touch upon a few things, starting with, specifically, the term "nay-sayer". It was used in a Pipeline editorial written by Stephanie Wiltse and it didn't ask people not to be 'nay- sayers', it had a heading that said: Attention All Nay-Sayers. It got my attention.""The editor, Stephanie Wiltse was
making an effort to calm people down who were ready to storm Witt-Thomas before the series had even returned. She was saying that we shouldn't benay-sayers and should wait to see what is in store before we condemn [the third season].
- Media Fandom Oral History Project Interview with CatalenaMara (accessed November 4, 2013.
- "A Note to Readers" in Destiny #2
- WayBack Archive link to The Complete Kingdom of Slash.
- 'Game of Thrones' Author George R.R. Martin: The Rolling Stone Interview, Archived version April 23, 2014
- Media Fandom Oral History Project Interview with CatalenaMara (accessed November 4, 2013.
- Tumblr post by obsessionisaperfume, January 26, 2015
- The Crystal Rose Lending Library: Open once again!, accessed October 1, 2011.
- To achieve this goal some fandom members have set up a Lost Writers page and a Convention History page.As of 2014, all writers names have been removed and active outreach seems to have been put on hold.
- About the TC Museum, Archived version
- Anonymous email sent to Morgan Dawn on Sept 24, 2015, quoted with permission.
- Promo vid for the 2010 Beauty and the Beast convention
- Beauty and the Beast Convention History WebCite, accessed Feb 2, 2011.
- From Of Love and Hope Vol 1 (1994).
- Entry to the Winterfest Great Hall website.
- 2009 Winterfest FAQ.
- Opening Words of Winterfest.