|Synonyms:||Conlang, Constructed Language, Artistic Language|
|See also:||Elvish, Klingonese, Na'vi, Vulcan, Cityspeak|
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Fictional Languages are commonly used in science fiction and fantasy to add depth and verisimilitude to fictional worlds; they can range from a few words and phrases to entire languages complete with grammar and slang. Fans who often take fictional languages further: studying them, learning to speak and write them, or expanding on the minimal syntax and vocabulary from canon. Clubs, language institutes, conventions, zines and journals can all have a fannish focus on fictional languages.
Creating one's own constructed languages or "conlangs" is another important sphere of fan activity. It is also a well known practice outside of fandom. Esperanto is an example of a famous non-fandom constructed language.
Some fandoms that have an extensive fictional language component:
Some print fanworks that focus on fictional languages:
- HolQed, the Journal of the Klingon Language Institute
- Romulan Language Guide
- Vulcan Language Guide
- Writer's Guide to Klingonaase
- Pegasus #3 has an article that deconstructs some of Greedo's (Star Wars) language
People who create languages as a hobby generally refer to these as "ConLangs" (constructed languages).
Various conlang groups exist within science fiction fandom, within other fandoms, and outside of fandom. The livejournal community 'conlangs' is one place conlangers organize. The Language Creation Society has a website for those interested in conlangs.
Klingon and Tolkien's Quenya and Sindarin Elvish languages are two of the most commonly studied fictional languages. Other languages from Star Trek are also frequently studied.
Are there fictional languages in non-English sources that people study?
- Michael Adams, From Elvish to Klingon: Exploring Invented Languages (Oxford Univ. Press, 2011)
- Arika Okrent, In the Land of Invented Languages (Spiegel & Grau, 2009) has several chapters on Klingon.
- Mark Rosenfelder, The Language Construction Kit (Yonagu, 2010) and Advanced Language Construction (Yonagu, 2012).
- J.R.R. Tolkien, A Secret Vice, lecture for a 1931 conference.
- Constructed language, Wikipedia (Accessed August 18, 2010)