|Synonyms:||Conlang, Constructed Language, Artistic Language|
|See also:||Elvish, Klingonese, Na'vi, Vulcan, Cityspeak|
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Fictional Languages are commonly used in science fiction and fantasy to add depth and verisimilitude to fictional worlds; they can range from a few words and phrases to entire languages complete with grammar and slang. Fans who often take fictional languages further: studying them, learning to speak and write them, or expanding on the minimal syntax and vocabulary from canon. Clubs, language institutes, conventions, zines and journals can all have a fannish focus on fictional languages.
Creating one's own constructed languages or "conlangs" is another important sphere of fan activity. It is also a well known practice outside of fandom. Esperanto is an example of a famous non-fandom constructed language.
Some fandoms that have an extensive fictional language component:
- Lord of the Rings
- Stargate SG-1
- Star Trek
- Superman (especially comics)
- Watership Down
Some print fanworks and web sites that focus on fictional languages:
- HolQed, the Journal of the Klingon Language Institute
- Kryptonian.info (Kryptonian dictionary and grammar - Superman)
- Romulan Language Guide
- Vulcan Language Guide
- Writer's Guide to Klingonaase
- The Isolate Tower has a dictionary of Earthsea languages
- Pegasus #3 has an article that deconstructs some of Greedo's (Star Wars) language
People who create languages as a hobby generally refer to these as "ConLangs" (constructed languages).
Various conlang groups exist within science fiction fandom, within other fandoms, and outside of fandom. The livejournal community 'conlangs' is one place conlangers organize. The Language Creation Society has a website for those interested in conlangs.
Klingon and Tolkien's Quenya and Sindarin Elvish languages are two of the most commonly studied fictional languages. Other languages from Star Trek are also frequently studied.
Are there fictional languages in non-English sources that people study?
Some Fan Examples
"The Klingon Language, A Federation Text -- a fictional non-fiction article by Professor S. Sarris, M.A., Ph.D, D.L.H., D.L., Linguist in Residence, Starfleet Academy, United Planets of Earth" -- from Archives' Log v.1 n.5 (1974)
- Michael Adams, From Elvish to Klingon: Exploring Invented Languages (Oxford Univ. Press, 2011)
- Arika Okrent, In the Land of Invented Languages (Spiegel & Grau, 2009) has several chapters on Klingon.
- Mark Rosenfelder, The Language Construction Kit (Yonagu, 2010) and Advanced Language Construction (Yonagu, 2012).
- J.R.R. Tolkien, A Secret Vice, lecture for a 1931 conference.
- Creator of Man of Steel‘s Kryptonian Language Preaches About Fandom in New TEDx Talk; archive link (2015)
Christine Schreyer (2015)
- Constructed language, Wikipedia (Accessed August 18, 2010)