|Click here for related articles on Fanlore.|
In gift exchanges, especially in exchange fandom, each participant is due a fanwork from another participant. A pinch hit is a fanwork produced for a request that's in need of fulfillment either because there were no offers that matched to it or because the participant assigned the request defaulted. Moderators will call for pinch-hitters to ensure that every participant receives something. The term derives from baseball: a pinch hitter is a player who replaces another player during the game, comparable to the substitute players in football/soccer.
Some mods call for pinch-hitters to volunteer at the beginning of a challenge so that they have a group to send pinch-hit requests to at the time-crunch end of the challenge, when most dropouts occur, but it's also common for mods to post the pinch hits to the exchange Dreamwidth. Pinch-hitters are generally not required to be, or forbidden from being, participants in the challenge.
Initial Pinch Hit
Also known as IPH; an initial pinch hit is created when there are no offers that match a participant's requests. Sometimes this happens because
Emergency Pinch Hit
Also known as EPH:
Advertising Pinch Hits
Aside from being posted to the Dreamwidth community for the exchange they're a part of, pinch hits are commonly advertised:
- in Fail_FandomAnon's Bangs, Fests, and Exchanges thread
- on the unofficial Yuletide comm and in the Yuletide Discord server
- on the Exchanges After Dark Discord server
- by word of mouth.
There was a livejournal community, fic_pinch_hit, where mods who need an emergency pinch-hitter could post a request. It was founded by fanofall on Nov. 2nd, 2007, and was an extremely low-traffic community.