|Date(s):||1978 (around the middle of February)|
|Fandom:||Star Trek: TOS|
|Click here for related articles on Fanlore.|
Thrust is a Kirk/Spock 181-page anthology published in 1978 by Carol Frisbie. It was the first K/S-only anthology. The zine was recognized immediately for its edginess in depiction of the Kirk Spock erotic relations.
Cover art by Gayle F and back cover by Michael B. Interior art by & Pat Stall, Merle Decker, Leslie Fish, Gerry Downes, Susan K. James, Laurie Huff, Signe Landon, Nan Lewis, Marty Siegrist, and Mary E.
Descriptions from Ads
From an ad in the first issue of Scuttlebutt, one that asked for submissions: "An 'ultra-adult' Star Trek zine. Serious treatment of all adult themes. No parodies or satires. Heavy emphasis on characterization. ST characters only."
From an ad in Scuttlebutt #5 (Jan/Feb 1978): "An exploration of the erotic/sensual side of Star Trek. The first all Kirk/Spock erotic zine will be ready for mailing on or before 2/15/78 or for pickup at ST Expo."
From an ad in S.T.A.G. #28 (April 1978): "A zine exploring a possible sexual relationship between Kirk and Spock. Contains material which may be offensive to some. The editor describes herself as an 'intellectual fence-sitter' on the subject and is not convinced of its validity, but does feel that it is a valid subject for fictional discussion."
From the Author: 1984
Excerpts from Not Tonight, Spock! Interview with Carol Frisbie:
…I was familiar with a number of underground stories, and a large number of writers who had good ideas but nowhere to share them. Thrust seemed an answer—if I had the balls to do it. In 1977-78 there was a lot of vehement opposition to K/S, and I felt that a sensitive and intelligent treatment of the theme could only help to show that K/S represents more than the prurient fantasies of frustrated females—that it can be beautiful and moving as well as erotic, and that some of the best writing in fandom is K/S…. I wanted Thrust to carry a variety of first-time stories that would make people think, and that would promote my firm belief that, extrapolating on their given personalities, Kirk and Spock would gradually come to their bonding relationship through love, not because of innate homosexuality. Too casual a treatment would do the characters an injustice…. 
You had to be thick-skinned, because there was a lot of intensely emotional opposition coming your way; and level-headed, because you had a serious and delicate theme to protect and yourself along with it…. I sold Thrust in plain brown envelopes—Gayle F.’s gorgeous and explicit cover made that necessary—and with stringent warnings and age requisites. Despite all my caution, a member of the anti-K/S faction sent a copy to Shatner’s office. Shatner had the grace to smile and keep his silence, but his business manager (now son-in-law) was unhappy about it and we had a small go-round. He thought it all over, and later called me to apologize. All in all, Roddenberry, Shatner, and Nimoy took the theme with more equanimity that some uninvolved fans I know…. I hoped Thrust would make some kind of mark, both as a forum for writing and as a forum for the analysis of the K/S theme…. But it was the K/S theme itself that electrified fandom. As it added a dimension to the relationship between the two men, it added a new and lively dimension to fandom, providing a complex and invigorating idea to ponder, an emotional reference that took fandom by storm. I believe that the K/S theme has played a large part in keeping active fandom alive. 
From the Author: 2007
Excerpts from Legacy Interview with Carol F.:
While I wouldn’t say that Thrust posed great problems to publishing, it was a ground-breaker regarding very explicit homosexual treatments pubbed in ST fandom, and it broke some barriers of hesitation re future K/S treatments. I had about 300 mail preorders for the zine (which sold, incredibly, for only $7.00!) and I took age statements for all of those orders. It was chancy, and all of us knew it; Paramount might get up a head of steam for quashing the theme, and certainly such a zine would find its way into their hands (hopefully not their legal department). Thrust, or some zine like it, was inevitable, though, and I thought it might as well be me to produce it. After all, I’d been an editor for years, and knew as much as anyone about the theme. And I loved the complexity of the task. The zine took well over a year to compile. I contacted all my writer friends, and their writer friends, and sent out a Premise Sheet detailing what I was looking for. Slowly, the stories came in. Extensive editing and rewriting was done on almost all the stories; a few gems came in almost ready to print as they were. The artwork posed a bit of a problem—how explicit should it be? I wanted art, not just porn images. I rejected several pieces, and asked for some other artwork to be redone. The artists were wonderful to work with—they understood the sensitivity of the theme very well, while still wanting an honest representation. When I received Gayle F.'s gorgeous cover art, it took my breath away...and gave me a moment of pause. Could I, should I, use it on the front cover? It was beautiful, and incredibly explicit re body parts. My friends and I decided that if you were going to do a zine, why hide from the theme behind innuendo? If the theme was worth doing, if it was a valid premise, throw the door open to quality treatments.
The title, Thrust, seemed to cover the subject rather well, and I liked the double meaning and the blunt, punchy “sound” of it. But in the end, it came about as the result of a dare: The CONTACT group in Baltimore threw a party and we all voted on names for the zine. NO ONE really thought I would actually use it. Maybe even me.
A printer to make the zine a reality was actually rather easy to find. There were several printers in Washington, DC (Virginia is more conservative, to say the least) vying for the job—I chose the one who gave me the best price for offset. My friend and writing partner, Susan K. J., accompanied me for moral support. After all, spreading out Thrust on the counter was diving into very cold water; Susan told me later that my face was beet red, though I thought I’d handled it rather well. The first print run was 700 copies, and costly—little did I know at the time how fast that money would be recouped, and how fast it would go right back into a reprint! Funny aside: The printer was thrilled to get the job. He was gay, and when 20 of my zines went missing from the boxes, I had to have a little talk with the fellow. I found out that they had printed extras of the artwork and that those extras had made the rounds all over the city. Almost immediately the premier gay bookstore in D.C. contacted me to ask if they could sell copies in their Dupont Circle store; needless to say, the answer was no. They called repeatedly over the years, even into the 1990s.
Thrust premiered at the January 1979 big New York convention. My friends and I didn’t have a table; we sold out the remaining zines in just a few hours while standing by a column near the dealer’s room. We took age statements when the buyer seemed underage, and would not sell to anyone who was under 18 years. That was an important stipulation—I couldn’t afford a lawsuit...or worse. Even so, there were those in ST fandom who were outraged by the theme, or pretended to be. One fan (who shall remain nameless) sent a copy to William Shatner. I was very surprised when I received a phone call from WS’ son-in-law, who was acting as his business manager at the time. He asked me why I had published such a magazine; he was obviously somewhat upset about it. I defended Thrust pretty vociferously, and asked him if WS had seen it. He said yes. After a rather long conversation, during which he wouldn’t reveal how Shatner had reacted to the zine, we got off the phone. I was left feeling both protective of Thrust and somewhat worried about what all this could mean legally. But the very next evening, the son-in-law cum business manager called again, this time to apologize profusely. It was immediately clear that WS was not happy that he’d called me the first time, and that it was Shatner’s requirement that he call me to apologize. That was the end of that interesting exchange, and I was much relieved.
Summaries by Gilda F.
- Succubus, Incubus - Maggie McClendon (p. 1-8) (Kirk wakes from a dream of himself as Alexander and Spock as his lover, Hephaistion only to find it might not all have been a dream.)
- Hour of Lead - Teri White (Six months after the Koonakalifee, Spock realizes that he and Kirk are being drawn to one another, and bonding, tries to prepare Kirk for what must now come.) (sequel "An Anguish to Pay" appears in Naked Times #1) (p. 12-31)
- On the Beach - Carol Shuttleworth (p. 37-53) (Kirk and Spock try to work things out while on shoreleave after Kirk bonds with Spock in order to save his life.)
- Beyond Setarcos - Gayle F (p. 55-75) (After bonding with Spock to save his life, Kirk finds his sexuality turning to him even though neither is sure of their future together: Prequel: Desert Heat Sequel: Night of the Dragon.) (also in Cosmic Collected)
- Night of the Dragon - Gayle F (p. 76-91) (Angered by his bondmates recklessness, Spock forces Kirk to experience the pain one will feel if the other die. Prequel: Beyond Setarcos. Sequel: Between Friends.)
- Echoes of Twilight - Ellen Korbin (p. 94-99) (Spock ponders his new relationship with Kirk while Kirk sleeps on the beach. Sequel: Echoes of Dawn.)
- ...Echoes of Dawn - Susan K. James & Carol Frisbie (p. 99-104) (Kirk ponders his new relationship with Spock, who sleeps after they make love on a beach. Prequel: Echoes of Twilight.)
- Liebestod – Ginna LaCroix (p. 106-109)
- Stars Await - Jane Firmstone (p. 110-112) (PWP)
- First Things - Jane Aumerle (p. 113-131) (After seeing the love Kirk has for him during a meld to save Kirkʼs life, Spock goes to him and they try to get by Kirkʼs fears in order to become one.)
- Day of Burning - Jane Aumerle (p. 132-144) (Kirk has to get by Spockʼs fears as they go through his pon farr together.)
- Night Journey - Susan K. James & Carol Frisbie (excerpt from Nightvisions) (p. 147-179)
- Star Visions – Susan K. James (p. 180)
- Night Song - April Valentine (p. 181)
- Conscience of the King - Gerry Downes (p. 10)
- Preordained - Laurie Huff (p. 11)
- Final Admission – Ellen Korbin, (p. 31)
- Nocturne – Jane Aumerle (p. 32)
- Song of the Unwilling Bride and here– Leslie Fish (p. 33-36)
- Antares Rising – Jane Aumerle (p. 53)
- Changes – April Valentine (p. 91)
- Reflections – Susan K. James (p. 92-93)
- Battle Lost – Beverly Volker (p. 104-105)
- Stay – Gerry Downes (p. 145)
Reactions and Reviews
See reactions and reviews for Beyond Setarcos.
See reactions and reviews for Hour of Lead.
See reactions and reviews for Song of the Unwilling Bride.
[comment on creating K/S art]: How can we devote such energy to a debate over the sexual prefer ences of fictional characters, and totally ignore the fellow human beings who created those wonderful characters? Doesn't anyone else care that maybe Bill Shatner and Leonard Nimoy may not like the idea of being depicted in homosexual acts? The printed page is faceless. The illos in Thrust are not. Kirk and Spock are two specific actors and no one else. I've heard K/S proponents say that Nimoy knows about K/S and doesn't mind. Just because he hasn't spoken out against K/S we should not assume approval. Paramount was sued because of their use of his face on that famous London billboard. If it is wrong for Paramount to use these men's faces for monetary gain, what makes it right for us as writers of Treklit to use their faces in any way we choose? 
[zine]: This zine is worth every penny of the high price, something completely new in ST fandom, a serious erotic zine narrowly focused so as to appeal only to devout K/S enthusiasts. There is no way for shocked folks who disapprove to lay violent hand on this zine, except knowingly. The proper way to review or read THRUST is with a sound track of Donna Sunnner's "Love to Love You, Baby" playing softly in the background--a chorus of sighs and moans and occasional whispers, sexily delivered. The zine is intentionally stimulating, with its gorgeous cover getting right down to business, and backed up by the many fine art selections throughout, notably those by Gayle F. This is not to say that the zine is pornographic in its presentations, not at all: there is good literary quality in the fiction, particularly in series stories by Jane Aumerle and Gayle F. "One Flesh", which begins Aumerle's group, will be printed in ISTARI AXANAR , which is in preparation. "Desert Heat", Gayle's lead-in to these, has been printed in SENSUOUS VULCAN. THRUST's other selections range from splendid ideas somewhat turgidly developed ("Nightjourney", by Susan James and Carol Frisbie, and the "The Stars Await", by Jane Firmstone) to mere delicious excuses for erotic descriptions ("Succubus, Incubus", by Maggie McClendon and "Hour of Lead", by Teri White). "On the Beach", by Carol Shuttleworth, falls somewhere in between, leaving the reader longing to read the story which must precede it and cover the bonding. "Nightjourney" also has a romantically satisfying ending, and I look forward very much to its inclusion in the novel NIGHT VISIONS. I had something of a problem coming to terms with the explicit violence in three of the Aumerle and Gayle F stories which I have singled out to commend, which does not make the theme any the less valid in homosexual life. "Day of Burning", by Aumerle, a superbly written pon farr story with underlying religious and alienation themes, is easier to accept because Spock cannot help the pain he causes. Even in "Night of the Dragon" , the punishment as a reaction to agony of waiting and fear of loss is certainly understandable. But Aumerle's "First Things", with its death-and-resurrection theme, is harder to justify on the surface, Vulcans being touch-telepaths, and Spock necessarily knowing Kirk's feelings and yet continuing. Still, violence between males has its place in homosexuality as just another facet in the spectrum considered by the fiction in THRUST, which ranges from schoolboy belly-to-belly rubbings through the most sophisticated contacts, surrounded by stories of all calibers. Added to these fables, speculations and emotional experiences is a suitable amount of excellent poetry, generally reflecting the mood of the" fiction. Ellen Kobrin's sly "View from the Bridge" represents the only intentional humor in the zine, and gets things off to a good start by explaining what Kirk means when he talks about going where no man has, preceding each episode. THRUST represents a fine first effort by editor Frisbie in a landmark zine, and I for one hope very much she will now start in on issue #2. 
[zine]: I read THRUST when it was first released. It was the first K/S anthology. It contained a bunch of routine first times and pon-farr stories which felt routine to me even then. 
[zine]: By the time K/S came around, I felt I knew the characters pretty well, which didn't jibe with what was between the covers of THRUST, the very first K/S zine I laid my hands on at a convention. And yet reading that zine had me panting for more. It was easy to accept it on a purely entertainment level. It was scandalous and outrageous for Kirk and Spock to be interested in each other. It was fun reading, but wouldn't happen in "real life". It wasn't until I read a lot more K/S and wrote my first K/S story, published years later in NAKED TIMES 16... that I couid really accept it as a viable relationship. 
[zine]: Then on the very first New York Con I ever went to I wandered on over to the ST Welcommittee's table where they had loads of wonderful fanzines. The first one that jumped off the table at me was Gayle F "Thrust." I remember squealing as I grabbed the zine up in my hot little hands. The cover was so incredible I'd never seen anything like it: Kirk and Spock making love. 
[zine]: This zine is worth every penny of the high price, something completely new in ST fandom, a serious erotic zine narrowly focused so as to appeal only to devout K/S enthusiast. There is no way for shocked folks who disapprove to lay violent hands on this zine, except knowingly. The proper way to review or read THRUST is with a sound track of Donna Summer’s “Love to Love You, Baby” playing softly in the background——a chorus of sighs, moans and occasional whispers, sexily delivered. zine is intentionally stimulating, with its gorgeous cover getting right down to business, , and backed up by the very fine art selections throughout, notably those by Gayle F. This is not to say the zine is pornographic in its presentations, not at all: there is good literary quality in the fiction, particularly in series stories by Jane Aumerle and Gayle F. 
[zine]:'Thrust' is an adult zine, dedicated to the exploration of sexuality in the relationship between Kirk and Spock. This is not a zine for those who find such speculation distasteful or for those who dislike explicit sex. The cover itself is explicit enough to make opening the mailing envelope in privacy desirable, at least for those like me who would rather be thought weird than to remove all doubt. But -- for those intrigued by the idea, wanting a more thorough examination of the Kirk/Spock relationship, or who simply enjoy good sex and/in good writing, 'Thrust' is a marvelous zine. It is 181 pages, with the artwork ranging from good to incredible. [Gayle F's] erotic fantasies head the list, with Signe Landon, Nan Lewis, Laurie Huff, Pat Stall, not far behind. There are 12 pieces of poetry; I liked Jane Aumerle's [April Valentine's] Susan K. James, Ginna La Croix's, and Gerry Downe's particularly well. Leslie Fish has a ballad concerning T'Pring which gives both a sympathetic insight into her motivations and into the anatomy of Fish's Vulcan females. Stories: a pleasant vignette by Jane Firmstone. A nice dream sequence by Maggie McClendon utilizes the Kirk/Spock, Alexander/Hephaistus parallel rather well, the story itself seems only a prelude, and I'd like to see more. 'Echoes of Twilight' and 'Echoes of Dawn' detail the same event from different viewpoints but lacked conviction for me. The Kirk segment by Susan James and Carol Frisbie seemed to a have a better grasp on character than the Spock segment by Ellen Korbin, but the use of imagery in both parts was good. 'On the Beach' by Carol Shuttleworth I found mixed. 'Nightjourney' is distinguished from other stories by having outside problems important to the relationship; others I've talked to consider it the best story in the zine for that reason. The laurels in my estimation go to five stories by these authors... "Hour of Lead' is very good, very honest, recognizing fear and doubt as well as love. ' The middle two stories of [Gayle F's] series, 'Beyond Setarcos' and 'Night of the Dragon' and Jane Aumerle's first and third stories in her series, 'First Things' and 'Day of Burning,' rival each other for sheer good writing, outstanding craftsmanship, and ability-to-move-emotionally. This zine isn't for everyone, but those that read it will be getting some of the finest writing in fandom today. 
[zine]: Published in 1978, this is a 181 page anthology of consistently excellent stories and poetry, plus an outstanding fold-out sketch by Signe Landon. Some highlights: SONG OF THE UNWILLING BRIDE by Leslie Fish, a prose poem with a surprise explanation of why T'Pring had such a poor attitude toward Spock and Kirk in Amok Time. Fascinating idea! BEYOND SETARCOS (a sequel to "Desert Heat" which was published in The Sensuous Vulcan" both by Gayle F, and probably the best items in a zine full of really good work. These two stories get Jim and Spock through the inevitable consequences that followed Spock's Pon Farr in "Desert Heat" and, read together, are emotionally exhausting. NIGHTJOURNEY by Susan K. James and Carol Frisbie, is an excellent short story which was later expanded into the legendary novel "Nightvisions". THRUST contains some truly lovely pieces of artwork by several of the best artists in fandom, but the true jewel of this zine is (believe it or not) on the editorial page. Carol Frisbie has, in my opinion, defined K/S for all time and beyond all debate with the statement, "...The theme...is not homosexuality—it is love between two people...who happen to be both male." Bravo, Carol! 
[zine]: [A fan tells of an ugly scene regarding this zine, and some other slash zines, at UFP Con in 1984] -- Mr. Gerrold conducted the auction, which combines the sale of charity items with zines of all types, including K/S, and which is held in the main convention hall. During the proceedings, Mr. Gerrold picked up a copy of Thrust and said, ‘I find this kind of literature…annoying to say the least.’ He then flourished the cover (there were small children near the front of the audience) and gave mock readings at 50 pence a time to derisive laughter from some sections of the audience. Other sections made their disapproval plain and Mr. Gerrold apologized for having given offense (his expression). However, the auction continued the following day and the same thing happened. The words ‘filth’ and ‘perversion’ were used in connection with K/S zines including Alternative: Epilog to Orion and K/S Relay. Mr. Gerrold read brief extracts from Sun and Shadow in a suggestive manner, intimating that this was a K/S zine. The same implication was made in the same manner of Precessional. The whole manner was exceedingly unpleasant, casting a shadow over the whole con…. 
[zine]: ... progressively, the more K/S that has been written, the easier it is to accept them doing more and more "unorthodox" things. Think of THRUST, the first anthology ever done on K/S. Almost every story in that zine had them beginning a sexual relationship due to external influence (ie: Pon Farr) and not on their own initiative. There had to be some "excuse" for them to take their love that final, physical step because the idea of their being with another man was so taboo. This attitude was developed, not just from our societal prejudices, but also from the personas we were presented with on the show. 
[zine]: For all time [favorite] Slash Zine, there is a soft spot in my heart for Carol Frisbee's Thrust. This was not only the first zine I ever read (it's a long story), it is still die definitive work in the genre. It hails from the era when slash was young, K/S was a whispered term, and the stuff had to be crafted to a higher level than almost anything else available just to be accepted. (You know, like women in today's workplace!) Slash has fallen far since then; when the parachute didn't open, you would have thought it a mercy if it had simply splattered itself on the highways of fandom and died a quick death. Sadly, slash writing bullseyed the manhole and kept-falling-right into the sewer where most of it wallows happily to this very day. 
[zine]: In 1978, K/S took another giant step forward. Carol F. published Thrust, the first all K/S anthology zine. All K/S, all the time.
This one-shot zine runs 181 pages and contains work from many of the authors and artists who had found a new home in K/S and were gaining experience and insight from each other. Its cover was a very explicit illo by Gayle F. Included is one of the first stories to link Kirk and Spock with Alexander and Hephaestion, “Succubus, Incubus” by Maggie McC., followed by the related poem “Conscience of the King” by Gerry Downes, and the song “Preordained” by Laurie H. There is also an illo by Michael B. that pictures our captain and first officer as the historic lovers.
Pon farr inspired many stories in the early days, serving as an obvious emotional shortcut to getting the guys together, and there are several of these in Thrust. As already mentioned, parts two and three of Gayle F.’s series that deal with the repercussions of Spock’s pon farr on Setarcos are published here. Carol S.’s “On the Beach” and Teri W.’s “Hour of Lead” deal with this theme. Teri wrote a sequel to this story, “An Anguish to Pay,” that was published later that year in the first issue of Naked Times. The concluding story “Hour of Gold” was published in Nome 2 (1980). Also included in Thrust is perhaps the first story that deals with pon farr in the context of a continuing relationship, Jane Aumerle “Day of Burning.” This was supposed to be the fourth story in a series of stories. Number two, “First Things” is also printed here. Part one was printed in The Price and the Prize (1981) and called “One Flesh.” As far as I know, part three was never printed. (This happened often in the early days of zine publishing and caused some consternation among fans. A promised part, perhaps the culminating story in a series, never saw the light of day, finally causing some people to wait until an entire series was published before they would read any of the linked stories.)
“Nightjourney” by Susan K. J. and Carol F. is the longest story in Thrust at almost 29 pages. It is an excerpt from what was then an unfinished novel called Nightvisions published by Carol F. in 1979.There are also some lovely poems and vignettes included in Thrust by authors already well known in gen fandom, who dared to join what were becoming easily recognizable names in K/S such as Ellen K. and Leslie Fish. Beautiful art makes Thrust truly a memorable zine. 
- Fanzines Plus
- from a 1984 interview with the author in Not Tonight, Spock! #3
- from a 1984 interview with the author in Not Tonight, Spock! #3
- from Interstat #6
- See Proposed Zines.
- from Mahko Root #2
- from The LOC Connection #41, by a fan who must have been reading a lot of K/S drawerfic to have had the opinion she had that early on.
- from The LOC Connection #36
- from a fan in the letterzine, K/S Press
- from a review in the 1978 issue of Mahko Root #2
- from Scuttlebutt #6
- from Not Tonight, Spock! #3
- from Not Tonight, Spock! #4
- In 1985, a fan notes that the zine was indicative of its time, of fans' feelings about early K/S, from Not Tonight Spock! #8
- from a male fan in Psst... Hey Kid, Wanna Buy a Fanzine? #4
- from The K/S Zine: The Time of the Beginning 1976-1985